LOS MANDATOS AFIRMATIVOS Y
NEGATIVOS: COMMANDS + Y -
El Imperativo
THE IMPERATIVE
The
forms of the
Imperative are the
same as the present
subjunctive, except for
the affirmative (+) tú
and vosotros forms.
THE AFFIRMATIVE TÚ FORM: TÚ +
Is
the same as the él form of the
present indicative, or the tú form
without the “s”.
Therefore, in the tú + command,
the vowel you see is the same
vowel that is applied in the
present indicative ending.
-AR
ends in “a”; -ER/IR ends in “e”.
IRREGULAR TÚ + COMMANDS
HACER – Haz
PONER – Pon
SALIR – Sal
TENER – Ten
VENIR – Ven
DECIR – Di
IR – Ve
SER – Sé
ALL OTHER COMMANDS: + Y LOOK
EXACTLY LIKE
PRESENT SUBJUNCTIVE:
Tú
– (no hables)
Ud.
+ y – (hable, no hable)
Uds. + y – (hablen, no
hablen)
Nosotros + y – (hablemos, no
hablemos)
UD., UDS., AND NOSOTROS
Forms
for the Imperative are the
same in the Positve (+) and
Negative (-)
¡Tome un taxi, no tome el
autobús!
¡Doblen a la derecha, no
doblen a la izquierda!
¡Caminemos en la acera, no
caminemos en la calle!
PRÁCTICA
TOMAR COMER
Tú +
Tú Ud.
Uds.
Nosotros
ESCRIBIR
PRÁCTICA - RESPUESTAS
TOMAR
Tú +
Tú Usted +/-
Toma
COMER
Come
NO TOMES NO COMAS
TOME
Ustedes +/- TOMEN
ESCRIBIR
Escribe
NO ESCRIBAS
COMA
ESCRIBA
COMAN
ESCRIBAN
Nosotros+/- TOMEMOS COMAMOS
ESCRIBAMOS
AFFIRMATIVE COMMANDS WITH
REFLEXIVE VERBS
 For
affirmative commands with reflexive
verbs, the reflexive pronoun that corresponds
to the subject (te, se, nos, se) is attached to
the command form.
 When you attach the pronoun, you also need
an accent, which is placed over the vowel 3
syllables from the end of the word.
 This is called the Triple A Procedure (AAA):
Affirmative, Attach, Accent.
 Before attaching nos, drop the letter “s”
 Levántate; Levántese; Levántense,
Levantémonos
NEGATIVE COMMANDS WITH
REFLEXIVE VERBS
 The
reflexive pronoun (te; se; nos; se)
goes between no and the command
form.
 Since
nothing is being attached, no
accent!
 No
te levantes; no se levante; no se
levanten; no nos levantemos
 Formula:
No + pronoun + command
NOSOTROS COMMANDS
 Translate
to “Let’s + MEANING OF
VERB”.
 Ir:
 + Vamos
 - No vayamos
 Irse:
 Vámonos
 No
nos vayamos
COMMANDS QUICK REFERENCE CHART FOR
REGULAR, NON REFLEXIVE VERBS
POSITIVE
AR
NEGATIVE
ER
IR
AR
ER
IR
TU +
A
E
E
TU -
NO
ES
NO
AS
NO
AS
Usted
E
A
A
Usted
_
NO
E
NO
A
NO
A
Uds.
EN
AN
AN
Uds. -
NO
EN
NO
AN
NO
AN
Nosotr
AMOS AMOS
os
EMOS
Nosotr NO
NO
NO
os
EMOS AMOS AMOS
QUICK CHART REFERENCE FOR
REFLEXIVE VERBS
POSITIVE
**ACCENT**
AR
ER
IR
TU +
ate
***
ete
***
ete
***
Ud. +
ese
***
ase
***
ase
***
Uds. +
ense
***
anse
***
anse
***
ámonos
ámonos
Nosotros émonos
+
NEGATIVE
AR
ER
IR
TU -
No te
ES
No te
AS
No te
AS
Ud. -
No se
E
No se
A
No se
A
Uds. -
No se
EN
No se
AN
No se
An
Nosotr No nos No nos No nos
os EMOS AMOS AMOS
NOTA IMPORTANTE
 Stem
changes apply in commands
 Follow
the Subjunctive for Nosotros
commands:
 No stem change for NOSOTROS
COMMANDS for –AR or -ER stem
changers
 For –IR: in the nosotros command E – I
or O – U
 Irregularities
in the SUBJUNCTIVE will
be seen in commands, EXCEPT tú +
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Los Mandatos Afirmativos y Negativos