~ Present Tense ~
What is a verb?
• A verb is an ACTION word
• It is something that you DO
• Quickly  Brainstorm some verbs in English.
• Run, walk, speak, clean, teach, show, eat,
study, skip, fly, car, sleep, run, drink
ANATOMY OF A VERB
HABL AR
The verb stem is always
the same in regular verbs
The verb ending tells you what
form the verb is in. Sometimes it
indicates the subject.
The Infinitive
• When a verb is in the “whole form” it is called
the “infinitive”
• When the verb is in the infinitive, it means “to
do something”
• To walk, to run, to eat
• When you CONJUGATE a verb, it
changes form to indicate WHO is doing
the action.
Spanish Verbs
• In Spanish, ALL verbs end in
either: AR, IR, or ER
• Cantar, Vivir, Correr
-AR
– cantar, trabjar, hablar, ayudar
-ER
– comer, beber, leer, aprender
-IR
– vivir, abrir, escribir, asistir
-AR Verbs
AR Verb Conjugation
• To Conjugate means to “change”
form
• You need to change form to
indicate who is doing the action.
• I run. John runs.
Conjugation
To walk (infinitive)
I walk
You walk
He walks
We walk
They walk
Conjugating a verb / Formula:
1) Drop the -ar, -er, -ir ending
2) Add the correct ending for the
subject pronoun.
• Hablar = Habl –
• Mirar = Mir –
• Tomar = Tom –
• Escuchar = Escucha -
Step #2:
Next, add the correct verb
ENDING, depending on WHO
is doing the action.
-ar endings:
-o
-amos
-as
-áis
-a
-an
Example
• Estudiar = to study (the infinitive)
• Take off the ending: Estudiar  Estudi
• Add the correct endings
-estudio
-estudias
-estudia
-estudiamos
-estudian
Some AR Verbs
•
•
•
•
•
•
Enseñar = to teach
Escuchar = to listen
Estudiar = to study
Hablar = to talk, to speak
Mirar = to watch, to look at
Preparar = to prepare
• Sacar una buena nota = to get a good grade
Ejemplos:
bailar
jugar
videojuegos
hablar
cantar
estudiar
escuchar
música
viajar
andar en
patineta
nadar
trabajar
esquiar
tocar
(instrumentos)
jugar
(deportes)
andar en bicicleta
Practice:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
I study Spanish.
We study.
My dad teaches.
I get a bad grade.
They speak.
I listen.
You prepare.
Let’s Practice!
Cantar = to sing
I sing =
You sing =
He sings =
We sing =
They sing =
Let’s Practice
Ayudar = to help
Let’s Practice
Tomar = to drink, to take
Let’s Practice
Hablar = to speak
Let’s Practice
Escuchar = to listen to
¡Práctica!
• Complete each sentence with the correct form of the
verb in parentheses.
1) El Señor Flynn (enseñar) _____ español.
2) Sr. Krob (preparar) ____ lecciones
interesantes.
3) La profesora y yo (hablar) _____ en la
clase.
4) Yo (andar) ___ en bicicleta a la escuela.
-ER Verbs
“-ER” verb endings:
-o
-emos
-es
-éis
-e
-en
Ejemplos:
leer
comer
correr
beber
Práctica:
1) I eat Italian food.
2) We eat at In-N-Out Burger.
3) Do you drink Coke or Pepsi?
4) My dog runs.
-IR Verbs
“-ir” verb endings:
-o
-*imos*
-es
-ís
-e
-en
Ejemplos:
vivir
recibir
subir
decidir
escribir
Asistir a
Abrir
Práctica:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
We write a lot in Spanish class.
I receive 20 emails.
We live in Santa Maria.
I attend SJHS.
Mr. Flynn opens the door.
Práctica – el presente
Patinar
Tocar
Escuchar
Bailar
Cantar
Viajar
Nadar
Make a Quick Reference Card:
Neatly Draw THREE conjugation
boxes (AR / ER / IR) and write in
the endings.
Must be done in pen or marker!
TAREA:
WS – Present Tense Practice 1
Descargar

What is a verb?