www.internet2.edu
Internet2
Internet2 y Ecuador
Heather Boyles
[email protected]
Ana Preston
[email protected]
ESPOL
Guayaquil, Ecuador
Marzo 26 2002
Reunion en Ecuador
 Internet2: ¿que es Internet2 y como
inicia?
 Organización
 Areas de trabajo y enfoque
 Infraestructura
 Internacional
 Internet2 y Ecuador
Internet: crecimiento y exito
350.0
300.0
250.0
Millones
de
Personas
200.0
150.0
100.0
50.0
05
20
00
20
99
19
98
19
97
19
96
19
Source:
Nua Internet Surveys
19
95
-
Historia de Internet
Origenes: ARPAnet (Advanced Research
Projects Agency) Departamento de Defensa
1987 -- NSFnet
• Privatizada en 1995
1996
• Telecomm Act
• Explosion de la WWW
• Federal Next Generation Internet Initiative
– National Science Foundation (NSF) provee fondos (grants)
para que las universidades establezcan enlaces a redes de
alta capacidad
• Nace Internet2
1999
• Abilene (la red del proyecto Internet2) entra en produccion
Internet, actualmente, no
 hay rendimiento [perfomance] reliable
de fin a fin (end-to-end)
 promueve coperacion y colaboracion
con nuevas capacidades
 permite el que se prueben nuevas
technologias
 soporta el desarrollo de aplicaciones
revolucionarias
Internet2: Mision y Metas
 desarrollo e implementacion de aplicaciones
avanzadas y y tecnologias de redes de alta
capacidad (de investigacion) acelerando el
desarrollo del Internet del futuro.
• permite que se desarrollen una nueva generacion de
aplicaciones
• crear una red de investigacion y educacion de primer nivel
• promover la transferencia de tecnologias y experiencias al
Internet global (production Internet
Espiral de desarrollo de Internet
Commercialization
Privatization
Today’s Internet
Research and
Development
Source: Ivan Moura Campos
Internet2
Partnerships
Universidades en Internet2
188 Universidades a partir de Nov. 2001
Organizacion
 Membresias (por universidad)
• Executive
• Engineering
• Applications
• Middleware
UCAID: corporacion (not-for-profit)
• Staff: ~55
• la mayoria “prestados” [‘leased’] de universidades
 Facilitar, Cordinar, Proveer infraestructura
en conjunto donde se necesite
Organizacion
 Presidentes y Rectores de las
universidades: representantes con voto
ante el Consejo Directivo (Board)
 Consejo Directivo
 Advisory councils with board seats
• Applications Strategy
•
•
•
Network Planning and Policy
Network Research Liaison
Industry Liaison Council
¿Por que liderazgo universitario?
 gestacion del Internet: en la comunidad
academica:
• Stanford -- Internet protocols
• NSFNet -- scaled-up Internet
• CERN -- WWW protocols
• University of Illinois -- Web browser (Mosaic)
 La mision de investigacion y educacion de
las universidades requiere un Internet de alta
capacidad. Las universidades han
demostrado que lo pueden desarrollar.
Internet2:
Relaciones (partnerships)
Universidades de Internet2 estan
recreando las relaciones y
colaboraciones que dieron que hicieron
posible al Internet en su infancia.
•
•
•
Industria
Gobierno
Internacional
Internet2/U.S. Government:
Separados pero inter-dependientes
U.S. Next Generation Internet
• Establecido por el gobierno federal
• Enfocado a las necesidades de agencias federales.
Internet2
• Establecido por educacion superior.
• Enfocado a investigacion y educacion.
Inter-dependiente:
• Fondos de agencias gubernamentales: a la investigacion,
enlaces y desarrollo de aplicaciones.
• Proyectos en ciencia y tecnologia cada vez mas
dependientes de una infrastructura “persistente” de alta
capacidad  proveida por Internet2
Internet2: Socios Corporativos
Industria / Gobierno
Relaciones
Industria
• Goal #3: Transfer technology to commercial
internet
• Internet2 community provides testbed, early
adopters
Gobierno
• Explore implementation of lab research
• Support universities’ ability to engage in gov’tfunded research projects (with other universities,
gov’t labs)
Otras membresias
 Mas de 70 Internet2 miembros corporativos
 Mas de 40 Miembros Afiliados
 Agencias de Investigacion Gubernamentales:
• National Institutes of Health
• National Science Foundation
• NASA
• NOAA
• USGS (Earth Resources Observations Systems)
Internet2: Metas
 Dar la pauta (‘enable’) para una nueva
generacion de aplicaciones
 Recrear capacidades de red (para la
investigacion y educacion) que sean
leading “edge”
 Transferir la tecnologia y experiencias
a Internet de produccion.
Estructura: como funciona
Internet2
 Universidades proveen/asignan:
• Engineering lead: conectar universidad con otras
universidades (como parte de Internet2) y implementar
nuevas tecnologias.
• Applications lead: dar soporte y apoyo al desarrollo de
aplicaciones en la universidad.
• Middleware architect: trabajar con I2MI (Internet2
Middleware Initiative) para la implementacion de una
infraestructura de middleware.
 Grupos de Trabajo:
• Expertos/Interesados dentro de la comunidad
• Encabezados por voluntario(s) (a veces staff de Internet2)
• Apoyo por parte de Internet2 (staff)
Estructura: como funciona
Internet2, cont.
Proyectos, e.g. Abilene
• Grupo Executive y Grupo del Proyecto
• Qwest, Cicso, Nortel
• Indiana University provee el NOC
Proyectos, e.g. Shibboleth
• IBM provee el coding
• Desarrollo por MACE (voluntarios en la comunidad)
• Apoyados por Staff
Internet2 Staff
• Primodiarlmene: facilatar, cordinar, ayudar
• ~50
Internet2: Areas de Enfoque
Advanced Applications
Middleware
Engineering
Advanced Network Infrastructure
Partnerships
Disciplinas/Contextos
Ciencias
Biblioteca
Arte
Salones/Aulas
Humanidades
Clinica
Salud
Officina
Negocios/Leyes
Laboratorios
Administracion
Dormitorios
…
…
Caracteristicas de las
Aplicaciones
 Colaboracion Interactiva
 Acceso en tiempo real a
recursos e instrumentos
remotos
Caracteristicas, cont.
Large-scale, multisite computation
and data mining
Shared virtual
reality
Any combination
of the above
Remote Scanning Electron
Microscope
The University of Michigan
Philips XL30
Real-Time Tele-Operation of
Remote Equipment
North Carolina State University
http://CARL.ce.ncsu.edu/
Tele-vator
Excavation backhoe
operated remotely
over Internet2

Used in hazardous
rescue situations

Sophisticated twoway feedback using
stereovision

Space Physics and Aeronomy
Research Collaboratory
University of Michigan
Grid Projects
“the Grid”
 Recursos globales
accesibles (a la
disposicion) de
comunidades de
investigadores
 Protocolos, servicios
y aplicaciones que
permiten nuevas
formas de colaboracion
Grid : Recursos
Instrumentos
Workstations
Data sets
Personas
Bibliotecas
Examples
Network for
Earthquake
Engineering
Simulation
• Collaboration
environment for
earthquake researchers
(e.g., structural engineers,
geotechnical and tsunami
scientists)
Grid Physics Network
• Petabyte scale
environment for dataintensive applications
(Large Hadron Collider,
Sloan Digital Sky Survey,
Laser Interferometer
Gravitational Wave
Observatory)
Grid: Proyectos
NEESGrid
•
www.neesgrid.org
GriPhyN
• www.griphyn.org
S/W infrastructure
•
www.gridforum.org
Research: Sensornets
•
Networked nanotechnology
High Fidelity Digital Video/Audio
Teaching Music
University of Oklahoma
Video Futures
Tele-immersive “Office of the Future”
Source: University of North Carolina
The Internet2 Commons
 Esfuerzo para promover y dar apoyo a
colaboraciones de larga escala de la
comunidad educativa y de investigacion
distribuidamente.
•
Enabling one-to-one, one-to-group, and groupto-group collaboration
• Supporting personal communications, meetings,
conferences, and teaching and learning
• For Internet2 members and their international
counterparts
Data Sharing
Voice/IP
Electronic Notebooks
Peer to Peer
Collaboratories
Others
Videoconferencing
Technologies
The Internet2 Commons
Other Collaborative
Technologies
Instant Messaging
H.323
VRVS
AG
MPEG2
Others
Internet2: Areas de Enfoque
Advanced Applications
Middleware
Engineering
Advanced Network Infrastructure
Partnerships
Middleware
}
Applications
Advanced Network Services
(Distributed Network Middleware)
Advanced Physical Network Infrastructure
Authentication,
Identification,
Authorization,
Directories, Security
Middleware
Internet2 Middleware Initiative
Focus on core middleware as infrastructure
Interoperability
• 190 universities will never buy the same software
Getting stuff implemented
• Best practices
Integrate across applications
• Discourage ‘islands’ of middleware infrastructure
• E.g. core mware just for this grid project
Enable community to share resources
• Grid, remote instruments, shared classes
I2MI core middleware activities
Identifiers
• Early Adopters - survey/docs about how campuses are assigning and
relating identifiers
Authentication
• WebISO (Web Initial Sign-on): share expertise, code
Directories
• DoDHE: Dir. of Directories for HE: inter-institutional directory searching,
•
•
using eduPerson and LDAP Recipe
eduPerson: an LDAP object class that includes widely-used person
attributes in higher education
LDAP Recipe: promote common design
Authorization
Certificates and PKI
• Internet2 PKI Labs
Internet2: Areas de Enfoque
Advanced Applications
Middleware
Engineering
Advanced Network Infrastructure
Partnerships
Engineering
Scalable IP Multicast
• http://www.internet2.edu/multicast/
IPv6
Quality of Service: QBone
• http://www.internet2.edu/qbone/
Network Security
Measurement
Native Multicast
Native Multicast
Internet2: Areas de Enfoque
Advanced Applications
Middleware
Engineering
Advanced Network Infrastructure
Partnerships
Internet2 Infraestructura de Red
 Backbones operan a 2.4 Gbps (OC48)
[en progreso: upgrade a 10Gbps]
 GigaPoPs proveen puntos de
agregacion de alta capacidad a nivel
regional
 Redes locales de los campuses
proveen 100 Mbps al desktop
Download of “The Matrix” DVD
(Comparison of the Internet2 Land Speed
Record)
171
180
160
140
120
Hours
100
74.7
80
60
40
20
0
0.011
I2-LSR
6.37
T-1
ISDN
Speed
Modem
Internet2:
Arquitectura de la Red
GigaPoP
One
GigaPoP
Two
Internet2
Backbone Networks
GigaPoP
Three
GigaPoP
Four
Arquitectura – cont.
Internet2 Interconnect
Cloud
University A
GigaPoP
One
Regional Network
University B
University C
Commercial
Internet
Connections
Internet2 GigaPoPs
28 as of October 2001
Internet2 Backbone Networks
Donna Cox,
Robert Patterson, NCSA
Abilene Network
Core Map, October 2001
Abilene Network
Logical Map
09 January 2002
Abilene: Peering Internacional
Pacific Wave
STAR TAP/Star Light
AARNET,
APAN/TransPAC,
CA*net3,
TANET2
APAN/TransPAC, Ca*net3, CERN, CERnet, FASTnet, GEMnet,
IUCC, KOREN/KREONET2, NORDUnet, RNP2, SURFnet,
SingAREN, TAnet2
NYCM
SNVA
BELNET,
CA*net3,
Washington
GEANT*,
HEANET,
JANET,
NORDUnet
GEMNET,Sacramento
SINET,
SingAREN, WIDE
LOSA
Los Angeles
UNINET
OC3-OC12
San Diego (CALREN2)
CUDI
El Paso (UACJ-UT El Paso)
CUDI
AMPATH
ANSP, REUNA,
RNP2 RETINA
* ARNES, CARNET, CESnet, DFN, GRNET, RENATER, RESTENA, SWITCH, HUNGARNET, GARR-B, POL-34, RCCN, RedIRIS
Internet2: Areas de Enfoque
Advanced Applications
Middleware
Engineering
Advanced Network Infrastructure
Partnerships
Internet2 International Goals
Ensure global interoperability
• of the next generation of Internet technologies
and applications
Enable global collaboration
• in research and education providing/promoting
the development of an advanced networking
environment internationally
International Partners
Build effective partnerships in other
countries
With organizations of similar
goals/objectives and similar
constituencies
Mechanism: Memoranda of
Understanding
MoU in brief
Provide/promote interconnectivity
between communities
Collaborate on technology
development and deployment
Facilitate collaboration between
members on applications
Encourage technology transfer
International MoU Partners
Europe-Middle East
ARNES (Slovenia)
BELNET (Belgium)
CARNET (Croatia)
CESnet (Czech Republic)
DANTE (Europe)
DFN-Verein (Germany)
GIP RENATER (France)
GRNET (Greece)
HEAnet (Ireland)
HUNGARNET (Hungary)
INFN-GARR (Italy)
Israel-IUCC (Israel)
NORDUnet (Nordic Countries)
POL-34 (Poland)
RCCN (Portugal)
RedIRIS (Spain)
RESTENA (Luxembourg)
Stichting SURF (Netherlands)
SWITCH (Switzerland)
TERENA (Europe)
JISC, UKERNA (United Kingdom)
Asia-Pacific
AAIREP (Australia)
APAN (Asia-Pacific)
APAN-KR (Korea)
APRU (Asia-Pacific)
CERNET, CSTNET, NSFCNET (China)
JAIRC (Japan)
JUCC (Hong Kong)
NECTEC / UNINET (Thailand)
SingAREN (Singapore)
TAnet2 (Taiwan)
Americas
CANARIE (Canada)
CUDI (Mexico)
REUNA (Chile)
RETINA (Argentina)
RNP2 (Brazil)
SENACYT (Panama)
Americas
Canada, U.S. and Mexico
connected at multiple points
New connections via Miami to
Argentina, Brazil, Chile
Building infrastructure
between research and
education communities
Americas Connectivity
(February 2001)
Country
Network
BW(mbps)
Interconnect
Canada
CA*net3
1310
S.T., Pacific Wave,
NYC
Mexico
RED-CUDI
255
Tijuana-San Diego
(CALREN2),
Juarez/El Paso
Chile
REUNA
45
AMPATH
Brazil
RNP2
45
AMPATH
ANSP
45
AMPATH
Argentina
RETINA2
45
AMPATH
Puerto Rico
To Abilene-U.S.
45
Via South Florida
GigaPoP
CA*net
http://www.canarie.ca
Currently
procuring
CA*net4
network
CANARIE
GigaPOP
Edmonton
Saskatoon
Prince George
WavelengthVictoria
based
Connects
provincial
networks
St. John’s
CalgaryRegina
Winnipeg
Vancouver
Seattle
CANARIE
Optical switches
Quebec
Thunder Bay Montreal
Ottawa
Fredericton
Chicago
CA*net 4 node
Possible future CA*net 4 node
Charlottetown
Toronto
Windsor
Source: Bill St. Arnaud, CANARIE
Europe
Halifax
New York
Mexico
http://www.cudi.edu.mx
 ~45 members
 155 Mbps backbone
 International (US):
• 155 Mbps” via Tijuana – San
Diego (with transit from
CALREN2 to Abilene)
- 100 Mbps Point to Point
wireless between Ciudad
Juarez and El Paso
- Posible DWDM via Texas ?
-“Convenios internacionales”
con Canada, Interent2 (US),
CENIC, REUNA
AMPATH
http://ampath.fiu.edu
Florida International University
and Global Crossing led
Potential to connect 10 countries
at 45mbps each
Peering through Miami
(collocated with SFGP)
Service area includes: Argentina,
Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa
Rica, Mexico, Panama, Peru, US
Virgin Islands, Venezuela
Chile
http://www.reuna.cl
Red Universitaria Nacional –
REUNA
10 POP’s from Arica to
Valdivia
155 Mbps ATM/SDH Network
Centrally operated from
Santiago
 Basic Internet and Internet2
services
 REUNA3:
Gigabit Backbone Project
Iquique
Antofagasta
Copiapó
La Serena
Valparaíso
Santiago
Talca
Concepción
Valdivia
Temuco
Geographical Distribution
of REUNA2 POP’s
Chile, cont.
Proyecto: Redes Opticas para
Internet del Futuro
4 Nodes: 3 in Santiago, 1 in
Valparaiso
Dark Fiber provided from
Santiago to Valparaiso (140
Km) by ImpSat
Dark Fiber provided in
Santiago by Manquehue.Net
Institutions involved:
• UTFSM, USACH, U. de
Chile, UTA, UFRO,
REUNA
Brazil
http://www.rnp.br
http://www.ansp.br
Rede Nacional de
Ensino e Pesquisa - RNP
Connecting ~27
Brazilian states at 155
Mbps.
 RNP2 (45 Mbps via
AMPATH)
 ANSP (State of Sao
Paolo) 45Mbps via
AMPATH
Argentina
http://www.retina.ar
Red
Teleinformática
Académica
Red RETINA:
 Connecting ~25
institutions
 Retina2: 45 Mbps
via AMPATH
Costa Rica
http://www.crnet.cr
National Research
Network - CRNet
• Internet2 connectivity possibly
through Los Arcos to Miami
ARCOS 1
15
Coming up…
 MoU in place:
• Panama
• Colombia
MoU in progress:
• Ecuador
• Venezuela
Other:
• Nicaragua
• Guatemala
• Colombia
• Peru, Uruguay
• Cuba
More Internet2 Information
On the Web
• www.internet2.edu
Email
• [email protected]
http://www.internet2.edu/international
www.internet2.edu
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