El Imperfecto
de los verbos
1
Talking about the past
2
• There are ____
past tenses in
Spanish.
• If the action occurred in
PAST and the speaker
the______
can tell precisely WHEN
_____ the
action occurred use the
__________________.
PRETERITE (pretréito)
2
Talking about the past
• If the action occurred in
PAST and the there is no
the______
definite beginning or ending
IMPERFECTO (imperfect)
use the _________________.
Las chicas hablaban en inglés.
The girls used to speak in English.
(no definite beginning or end)
3
PRETERITE
_________________
(past) tense is like a
SNAPSHOT of what
happened in the past.
The
IMPERFECT
_________________
(past) tense is like an ongoing
film of what happened in the
past.
The
El imperfecto
The peterite tells us
specifically
_____________when
action took place.
The
an
imperfect tells us in
general
________________.
The Imperfect sets the
“scene”.
What
are some situations
that might require the
imperfect instead of the
preterit?
Weather
Time
Age
Physical/personality
description
How does it translate to
English?
There
I
are 4 translations…
yo hablaba =
used to talk
I was talking
I talked
I did talk
FORMATION OF IMPERFECT
To conjugate regular –ar verbs
in the imperfect
1. Drop the infinitive ending
2. Add “aba”
aba
abas
aba
ábamos
abais
aban
8
Por ejemplo:
(-ar verbs)
tomaba tomábamos
tomabas tomabais
tomaba tomaban
tomar
9
Por ejemplo:
(-ar verbs)
trabaj aba trabaj ábamos
trabaj abas trabaj abais
trabaj aba trabaj aban
trabajar
10
¡A Practicar!
(-ar verbs)
Necesitar
Pensar
Mirar
Gustar
Estar
Mandar
Dar
Hablar
Avisar
olvidarse
11
To conjugate regular –er/-ir verbs in
1. Drop the infinitive ending
2. Add “ía”
ía
íamos
ías
íais
ía
ían
Por ejemplo:
(-er / -ir verbs)
comía
comías
comía
comer
comíamos
comíais
comían
Por ejemplo:
(-er/-ir verbs)
viv ía
viv ías
viv ía
viv íamos
viv íais
viv ían
14
¡A Practicar
(-er/-ir verbs)
Venir
Hacer
Decir
Conocer
saber
Salir
Poner
Poder
Pedir
conducir
15
3
LOS IRREGULARES: Solamente hay ______ en el imperfecto 
Used to be/was
Used to go/was going
1. ser=______________
2. ir=_____________
Era
Éramos
Iba
Íbamos
Eras
Era
Erais
eran
Ibas
Iba
Ibais
iban
3. ver= ___________________
Used to see/was seeing
veía
veíamos
veías
veíais
veía
veían
16
Some words and phrases indicate repetitive, vague
or non-specific time frames, and therefore signal
the use of the imperfect.

a menudo (often)

 a veces (sometimes)

 cada día (every day)

 cada semana (every week)

 cada mes (every month)

 cada año (every year)

 con frecuencia (frequently)
 de vez en cuando (from

time to time)
 en aquella época (at that

time)

 frecuentemente

(frequently)

generalmente (usually)
muchas veces (many times)
mucho (a lot)
nunca (never)
por un rato (for awhile)
siempre (always)
tantas veces (so many
times)
todas las semanas (every
week)
todos los días (every day)
todo el tiempo (all the time)
varias veces (several times)
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Imperfecto