American Hemerocallis Society
Garden Judges’ Workshop 1
Course Outline
•
Timeline: Hybrid Daylilies & Awards
•
The Garden Judge
•
Plant Evaluation Criteria
•
Cultivar Awards
•
The Awards and Honors Committee
•
Responsibilities of Garden Judges
•
Etiquette in the Garden
•
Accreditation
Timeline: Hybrid Daylilies and Awards
•
1877: English schoolmaster George Yeld,
32, grows “less than half a dozen” daylily
species and begins to hybridize them.
A.B. Stout is a baby in Wisconsin.
•
1892: Yeld wins Royal Horticultural
Society’s Certificate of Merit for his
daylily, ‘Apricot’. First hybrid of record.
“Apricot is a variety of charm and beauty and is distinct
from the other early-flowering sorts now in trade” -A.B. Stout (1934)
Timeline
•
1893: English nurseryman Amos
Perry, 22, orders a collection of
daylilies. He devotes himself to
hybridizing.
•
1900: Perry’s first named variety.
•
Yeld and Perry introduce new
varieties into the 1930s.
Perry’s ‘Margaret Perry’ (1925)
Presumably, they talked to each
other.
Class discussion: How has someone else
added to your ideas of merit in a daylily?
Timeline
•
1899: First American hybrid,
‘Florham’ (E. Herrington)
•
1911: A. B. Stout, 35, begins work
with daylilies, NY Botanical Garden.
•
Raises seedling crops at NYBG
and sells daylilies for the benefit of
NYBG.
•
1924 NYBG orders Stout to cease
propagation and sales at the
Garden.
•
Stout appeals to large nurseries in
the region to raise his seedling
crops and market his named ones.
Arlow Burdette Stout
Timeline
•
1924: Only one nursery owner
responds. Bertrand Farr, renowned
as an iris hybridizer and owner of a
huge nursery in eastern PA, is also an
experienced daylily hybridizer.
Timeline
•
Farr agrees to raise Stout’s seedlings and market the
named ones for no more than $3 a plant.
•
Stout never accepts “royalties” during the long relationship
with Farr Nursery.
•
1924: A revolution in colors! A bright pink variety of H.
‘fulva’ is found in China and sent to Stout.
•
Bertrand Farr dies that autumn.
New owners of the nursery continue
the deal he struck with Stout.
H. ‘fulva’ var. rosea
Timeline
•
1929: Stout introduces the phrase “unusual
form” in describing his new hybrid, ‘Wau-bun’.
It’s an example of the “pinched crispate”
characteristic, with petals pinched back along
the midrib.
Timeline
•
1934: Stout describes the first truly red
daylily, ‘Theron’, a result of 25 years’
work.
•
He publishes the first book devoted to
daylilies. Describes all the known
species and all 175 hybrids.
•
Uses terms that will become the basis of
AHS garden judge evaluation: “garden
value,” “sprightly colors,” and the
importance of “plant stature” when not in
bloom.
•
Lists all the daylilies given the Award of
Merit by the Royal Horticultural Society.
Timeline
•
1935: Stout’s ‘Dauntless’ comes out.
•
Pre-war years: Henry Field Seed
Company sponsors big Midwest
flower shows.
‘Dauntless’
Timeline
•
1943: Flower Grower magazine sponsors
a Hemerocallis Round Robin.
•
1946: End of WWII
•
“Garden Club of the Air,” daily radio show
of Helen Field Fischer, has national
following and a Hemerocallis Round
Robin.
•
Robin members urge resumption of the
big Midwest flower show. Helen Field
Fischer helps make it happen.
•
July, 1946: AHS founded at the flower
show.
Timeline
•
1950: AHS sets up awards system for
cultivars: Honorable Mention – Award of
Merit – Stout Silver Medal.
•
Creates “Bertrand Farr Award” for
contributions to hybridizing. Stout is the
first recipient.
•
Creates “Helen Field Fischer Award” for
contributions to AHS.
•
1954: Stout’s ‘Dauntless’ wins the Stout
Medal.
•
1957: Stout dies, age 81.
Timeline
•
1961: AHS adds specialty award categories.
•
Specialty awards may change from time to time: new
ones added, some discontinued.
•
Examples: deletion of award for Fragrance, recent
additions for Extra Early bloom and Extra Large
Flowers.
•
1997: AHS develops a formal curriculum for training
Garden Judges.
•
2008: Change of rules for Spiders and UF flowers. If
eligible in both categories, dual registration possible
and nomination for both awards.
Class discussion: which “specialty” cultivars do you
think are “champion performers” in your garden?
The (Madison Square) Garden Judge
Like the head judge in a dog show, you must know excellence in all the types of daylilies.
The AHS Garden Judge
•
Performs impartial, consistent evaluation of the
complete plant and its overall performance in a garden.
•
Collectively, Garden Judges focus attention on great
performance outdoors in a garden.
•
The vote tallies help gardeners select the most
impressive performers in their region.
The Garden Judge’s Work:
•
Observes complete plants in
established clumps, under varied
conditions, and at different times of
year.
•
Serves the AHS mission through
extended plant evaluation within
one AHS region.
Class Discussion: What
are the performance
differences between a
new plant and an
established clump?
Plant Evaluation Criteria
•
The overall system is a composite: many evaluations
from a variety of soils and climates.
•
Judge the same plant characteristics in the same way.
•
Train your eyes to see the whole plant.
•
Grow samples of the very best of each category.
Point-Scoring Daylilies
Complete plant: beauty,
vigor, performance
10%
10
%
10 10%
%
30 %
30%
20
20%
%
30
30%
%
Flower: Substance,
color, form
Scape: height,
branching, bud count
Foliage
Distinction
FLOWER CRITERIA
•
•
•
•
Opening characteristics, length of bloom
Substance, fragrance, and weather resistance
Attractiveness of color and pattern
Form: Observe the sepals as well as petals
SCAPE CRITERIA
• Height and strength of scape in relation to
flower and plant
• Spacing of scapes in a clump
• Long period of flowering (number of scapes)
• Branching and bud count
• adequate spacing of blooms on the scape
• blossoms not obscured by the foliage
FOLIAGE CRITERIA
• Color
• Insect and disease resistance
• Proportionate to rest of plant
• Appearance in spring
• Appearance in fall
THE COMPLETE PLANT
• Garden value and beauty
• Vigor
• Overall performance
Class discussion: What makes a
daylily distinct?
Consistency in Judging (Summary)
•
Evaluate observable plant characteristics.
•
Evaluate the same characteristics in the same way.
•
Learn to judge excellence in all award categories.
Invalid Criteria
•
Taking the hybridizer or year of registration of the
cultivar into consideration.
•
Evaluating how the cultivar has performed as a parent.
•
Allowing your personal preferences in color, form, size,
etc. to influence your vote.
Cultivar Awards
Voted by Garden Judges
AMERICAN HEMEROCALLIS SOCIETY
“Pyramid of Awards”
STOUT SILVER MEDAL
AWARD OF MERIT
HONORABLE MENTION
Honorable Mention
•
The HM is the first official “stamp of approval.”
•
To win: 20 votes needed from at least 4 regions.
•
Garden judges may vote for up to 12 cultivars as
observed in their region.
•
The list of HM nominees is extensive. You won’t
know them all. Only vote for cultivars that you
know well enough to commend.
HM Portion of Ballot
Excerpt from the four-page ballot showing part of the HM section. Voting
instructions appear at the top. More than 300 on the list. You can’t know them all.
Note the space for a write-in vote. If you do this, make sure the daylily is eligible.
How Does a Cultivar
Get Placed on the HM ballot?
•
The hybridizer nominates a
cultivar that has been
registered for at least 3 years.
•
The AHS Awards and Honors
Committee may nominate up to 10
overlooked cultivars each year.
•
Garden judges may write-in an
eligible cultivar.
HM Eligibility
• Cultivars become eligible 3 years after
registration.
• Hybridizer may nominate 7 cultivars in any
year.
• No win? Hybridizer may nominate same plant
again two more times.
• Hybridizer’s choice how long to wait before renominating. Max of 3 appearances on the HM
ballot.
Next step: Award of Merit
• HM winners are listed automatically on the AM
ballot 3 years later. It’s out of the hybridizer’s
hands now.
• The wait permits wider distribution.
• Eligible for 3 years.
• Garden judges vote for up to 12 cultivars seen
in their own region.
• The AM list is extensive. You won’t know them
all. Vote only for those you have evaluated.
AM Portion of Ballot
Excerpt from the four-page ballot showing part of the AM section for
2014. Voting instructions appear at the top.
No write-ins.
To Win an AM
• The 12 winners need votes from at least one
half of the AHS regions.
• No more than one-third of a winner’s votes may
come from a single region.
• AM winners automatically go on the Stout Silver
Medal ballot two years later.
Stout Silver Medal
• The top honor for a daylily.
• Candidates eligible for 3 years.
• 35 candidates per year (last year’s winner isn’t there).
• Judges cast a vote for one cultivar observed
in their own region or in an AHS National
Convention tour garden.
• The cultivar with the most votes wins. Tie?
Then multiple awards.
Stout Medal Portion of Ballot
This is an excerpt from the four-page ballot showing the
Stout section for 2014. Voting instructions appear above
the list of candidates.
No write-in votes.
RECENT STOUT
MEDAL WINNERS
‘J.T. Davis’ (2010)
‘Skinwalker’ ( 2009)
‘Carnival in Mexico’ (2012)
‘North Wind Dancer’ ( 2011)
‘Heavenly Angel Ice’ (2013)
Specialty Awards
• These awards recognize cultivars that have excelled
within certain categories.
• Cultivars must be registered for a minimum of 5 years
prior to balloting.
• Garden judges may cast votes for cultivars observed
in their own regions or in the AHS National
Convention tour gardens, unless otherwise stated.
• Write-in votes are allowed.
• The cultivar receiving the most votes wins.
• Evaluate the whole plant; vote for the best daylily of
its type.
Current Specialty Awards
Awards Related to Floral Dimension
• Donn Fisher Memorial Award - miniature flowers less
than 3” in diameter
• Annie T. Giles Award - small flowers 3” or more but
less than 4.5” in diameter
• Extra-Large Diameter Award - 7” or more in diameter
but not registered as spider or Unusual Form. Doubles
are eligible for this award.
Current Specialty Awards
Awards Related to Color Patterns
• Don C. Stevens Award for eyed or banded flowers,
Those registered by Don C. Stevens are ineligible.
• R. W. Munson, Jr. Award for distinct patterns.
Awards Related to Time of Bloom
• Early Season Bloom Award, registered as E or EE.
• Eugene S. Foster Award for cultivars registered as
LATE or VERY LATE blooming on initial scapes and
observed in the judge’s own region.
Current Specialty Awards
Awards Related to Blossom Form (Configuration)
• Ida Munson Award for daylilies registered as double
• Harris Olson Spider Award for cultivars meeting the
petal length-to-width ratio requirement of 4:1
• Lambert/Webster Award for daylilies registered as
unusual form (UF)
About the Harris Olson Spider Award
The hybridizer determines at the time of registration if a
cultivar meets the AHS spider definition.
The length of the longest petal, when manually stretched
out, must be at least 4 times the widest point of the same
petal as naturally presented (no flattening).
Spiders may vary from one region to another, so the
Garden Judge may decide to take measurements.
Measuring Spiders
 In your own garden, or with permission,
see if the longest petal of several typical
blooms is 4 times the width.
 Width: measure the petal at its widest
point as naturally standing. Don’t uncurl,
unfold, or flatten it.
 Then stretch out the petal and measure
from the tip to the V-shaped notch where
adjacent sepals separate at the neck of
the flower.
 Taking measurements during a garden
tour may seem a breech of etiquette.
Please use discretion.
Judging the Harris Olson Spider Award
•
Evaluate the whole plant; vote the best overall
candidate that you think meets the 4:1 requirement.
•
The next slide shows 5 award winners that
consistently bloom 4:1.
Class Discussion: Do you know of any spiders that
have very good flowers but serious flaws in other
respects?
Should seriously flawed cultivars with superb
blossoms be considered for awards?
Recent winners of the
Harris Olson Spider Award
For best spider cultivar
‘Bali Watercolor’ (2009)
‘Velvet Ribbons’ (2010)
‘Wild Wookie’ 2013
‘Free Wheelin’ (2011)
Image Lea Ann Williams
‘Suzy Cream Cheese’ (2012)
Image by Mel Campbell
About the Lambert/Webster
Unusual Form Award
• Must display the required characteristics on at least 3
petals or 3 sepals.
• A combination of characteristics on the same blossom is
okay, but at least 3 petals or 3 sepals have to exhibit
unusual form characteristics, not 2 petals + 1 sepal or vice
versa.
• As of 2008, a qualifying daylily may be registered as both a
spider and an unusual form, and is eligible for both spider
and unusual form awards.
Crispate
Crispates pinch, flex, twist, curl, or display these characteristics in combination.
Twisted/Curled Crispate,
presenting a corkscrew
or pinwheel effect
Quilled Crispate with floral
segments turning in upon
themselves along their
lengths to make a tubular
shape
Pinched Crispate with
pinching on the outer third
of the petals.
Cascade
Pronounced curling or cascading (like a waterfall or
wood shavings)
Spatulate
Spatulate (like a kitchen spatula), with segments markedly wider at the ends
Unusual Forms often exhibit more than one of the characteristics and may
vary from hour to hour and day to day.
Twisted cascade presentation
Reflexed spatulate with quilled sepals
All 3 petals or all 3 sepals must exhibit an Unusual Form characteristic,
though not necessarily the same characteristic. The UF definition
recognizes variation in form.
The standard of consistency has a different meaning for the UF flower.
The judge looks for consistent display of UF characteristics, but not
necessarily the same characteristics every day.
Recent winners of the Lambert/Webster Award
for best unusual form cultivar
‘Heavenly Angel Ice’ (2009)
‘Brer Rabbit’s Baby’ (2010)
‘Christmas In Oz’ (2013)
‘Margo Reed Indeed’ (2011)
‘Desert Icicle’ (2012)
About the R.W. Munson, Jr. Award
 The award is for distinct patterns: a variation in hue,
value, or saturation of the base, midrib, or throat color.
 Includes daylilies with watermarks or concentric rings or
feathering of color within the eyezone or elsewhere.
 Excludes selfs, simple bitones, and bicolors.
Notched watermark
Feathered eyezone and midrib
Vari-colored rings
Vari-colored rings
Concentric patterns
Hue and midrib variation, rings
Examples of patterned daylilies
Vari-colored rings
Feathered eyezone and midrib
Distinctive midrib
Feathered rings
Rings + ellipses
Hue variation
More examples of patterned daylilies
Recent Winners of the R.W. Munson, Jr. Award
for best patterned cultivar
‘Texas Kaleidoscope’ (2010)
‘Spacecoast Sea Shells’ (2009)
‘Rose F. Kennedy’ (2013)
‘Starman’s Quest’ ( 2011)
‘Entwined In the Vine’ (2012)
Image by Oliver Billingslea
Recent winners of
Don C. Stevens Award
for best boldly eyed or banded cultivar
‘Jane Trimmer’ ( 2009)
‘Celebration of Angels’ ( 2010)
‘Gavin Petit’ ( 2013)
‘Carnival in Mexico’ (2011)
‘Fashion Police’ (2012)
About the Ida Munson Doubles
Award
•
Best candidate should bloom consistently double.
•
Double cultivars may assume other petal forms such
as spider (4:1 ratio) or unusual form (quill, cascade,
crispate) or even polymerous (more than three petals
or sepals).
•
These characteristics do not disqualify the plant for
the Ida Munson Award.
Variations in Double Daylilies
Peony
style
double
Hose-inhose
doubles
Unusual form
Double
Recent winners of the
Ida Munson Award
for best double cultivar
‘Scatterbrain’ ( 2010)
‘Dorothy and Toto’ (2009)
‘Amanda’s Little Red Shoes (2013)
‘Firefly Frenzy’ ( 2011)
‘Sebastian the Crab’ (2012)
Junior Citation Award
• For seedlings not-yet-registered; emphasis on
outstanding qualities and distinction.
• Not registered before September 1st of the voting
year.
• Garden judges may vote for seedlings evaluated in
any region. Emphasis on exceptional merit.
• 10 votes needed.
• Hybridizers may indicate seedlings for JC
consideration.
• JC Award is not part of “The Pyramid of Awards.”
Other Cultivar Awards
(Not Voted by Garden Judges)
•
Lenington All-American Award – voted by the AHS Board of
Directors from a list of at least 12 candidates submitted by the
Awards and Honors Committee.
•
Convention Awards (President’s Cup, Florida Sunshine Cup,
Georgia Doubles Appreciation Award, and the Ned Roberts
Spider/Unusual Form Award) – voted by National Convention
attendees.
•
Regional and local cultivar awards are not part of the AHS
Awards and Honors System.
AHS Awards and Honors Committee
•
Oversees the awards system, makes recommendations to
the AHS Board.
•
May add up to 10 overlooked cultivars to the Honorable
Mention section of the ballot.
•
The Awards and Honors Chair compiles and mails the ballot
to garden judges. Judges return completed ballots to a
Tabulator who is named on the ballot. The AHS board then
certifies the results
Question: Where should you mail your completed ballot and what is the
deadline?
A Judge’s Responsibilities and Duties
•
Grow exemplary cultivars of all forms and types.
•
Grow a range of daylilies from various hybridizers.
•
Include some newer cultivars in your garden.
•
Judge the COMPLETE plant, not just the flower.
Responsibilities and Duties
•
Visit gardens and evaluate daylilies.
•
Attend local, regional and national
meetings.
•
Attend workshops.
•
Share skills with new judges and the
public.
•
But…Decline any request to select
someone’s seedlings for registration.
Garden Judge Etiquette
Call ahead.
Let the garden owner
know you have arrived.
Don’t carry large bags
into the garden.
Don’t carry a tripod.
Don’t do these things!
Don’t grab pollen.
Don’t step in beds.
Don’t deadhead.
Thank your garden host by
mail, e-mail, or phone call.
Accreditation as a Garden Judge
Initial Appointment – 5 Years
•
Candidates must have held AHS membership for 24
consecutive months prior to applying. (Current dues paid!)
•
Training may begin after 12 months of membership.
•
Candidates must have attended at least one of their own
regional meetings within the last 3 years or a national
convention within the last 5 years that included garden
tours.
•
Candidates must regularly see large numbers of awardeligible daylilies and grow a representative sample.
Requirements for Initial Appointment
•
•
Know the contents of the AHS Garden Judges
handbook .
Attend Garden Judges Workshop 1, pass the exam, and
attend Garden Judges Workshop 2 (any order).
•
Immediately (!)…send your application to your RP so that
your status can be validated in time to count your vote.
•
Once you complete your training, and meet all the other
requirements, you are eligible to vote for awards in the
current year.
Mail your ballot by September 1
2014 Update : Judges may now vote online using an
electronic ballot. Go to AHS Members Only site, Click on
“Garden Judges Only”, then click on “E ballot” and vote!
•
•
Reappointment – 5 Years
• You’ll be notified before your term expires. The
AHS Garden Judges’ Records Chairman will let
you know how to renew.
• You send your 5-year log of garden visits.
• You should have made at least 25 bloomseason visits to at least 10 different gardens.
• Fifteen visits must be in your own region.
Don’t get shut out !!!
If you don’t:
• Mail your ballot each year by September 1st.
(If for some reason you cannot vote, contact
the Garden Judges’ Records Chair.)
• Pay your AHS dues each year by January 1st.
You will be disqualified as a Garden Judge.
Need help?
Regional Garden Judges’ Liaisons
•
Experienced garden judges
who have any materials you
might need as a judge or an
instructor.
•
If you have questions or
concerns about judging
daylilies, talk to your liaison.
•
Who is your regional garden
judges’ liaison?
Review of Workshop 1

Timeline of Daylilies and Awards

The Garden Judge

Plant Evaluation Criteria

Cultivar Awards

Awards and Honors Committee

Responsibilities of Garden Judges

Etiquette in the Garden

Accreditation
Next: The Written Exam
Workshop Papers
Attendance Sheet – everyone here must sign it.
Combination Registration-Exam Answer Sheet-Workshop
Evaluation
 To receive credit, you and your instructor must sign
the answer sheet.
 Fill out the answer sheet completely and legibly.
 Give the answer sheet to the Workshop Chair when
you finish the exam.
 Good luck!
Credits:
•
•
•
•
•
•
The “design team:” Michael Bouman, Melanie Mason, Julie
Covington
Steve Buchanan, artist, image of George Yeld
Sydney Eddison, writer, for images
Tinker’s Garden for use of database photos
Bickelhaupt Arboretum, for an image of ‘Dauntless’
Farr Nursery Company, for the photo of Bertrand Farr
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Slide Show PowerPoint file. ( Download) (revised July 18, 2014)