Verbos Reflexivos
Reflexive Verbs
Read the following sentences as you
look at the illustrations
Federico lava el carro.
Federico se lava.
Federico lo lava.
Pedro mira a su amiga.
Pedro lo mira.
Julio cepilla el perro.
Pedro se mira en el
espejo.
Julio se cepilla.
Julio lo cepillo.
In the sentences to the left, one person performs the action and
another person or thing receives the action. In the sentences to the
right, the same person performs and receives the action of the verb.
For this reason the pronoun se must be used. Se is called a reflexive
pronoun because it refers back to the subject – Federico, Julia, Pedro
Study the forms of a reflexive verb.
Pay particular attention to the pronoun that goes with each
form of the verb. It is called a “reflexive pronoun”.
Lavarse
Yo me lavo
Nosotros nos lavamos
Tú te lavas
------------
Ud., él, ella se lava
Uds., ellos, ellas se lavan
Levantarse
Yo me levanto
Nosotros nos levantamos
Tú te levantas
------------
Ud., él, ella se levanta
Uds., ellos, ellas se levantan
Using Negatives
 In the negative form, no is placed before
the reflexive pronoun
¿No te lavas las manos?
La familia Martínez no se levanta tarde.
Adding the Reflexive Pronoun
 Note that the reflexive pronoun is added
to the infinitive.
El niño quiere acostarse.
Voy a lavarme las manos.
¿Quieres levantarte temprano?
Study the Following Examples
Ana pone su blusa en su mochila.
Ana puts her blouse in her backpack.
Ana se pone la blusa.
Ana puts on her blouse.
Ana duerme ocho horas.
Ana sleeps eight hours.
Ana se duerme enseguida.
Ana falls asleep immediately.
Ana divierte a sus amigos.
Ana amuses her friends.
Ana se divierte.
Ana amuses herself. (Ana has a good time.)
Many verbs in Spanish can be used with a reflexive
pronoun. Often the reflexive pronoun gives a different
meaning to the verb.
Conjugating Stem-Changing Reflexive Verbs
Acostarse
Yo me acuesto
Nosotros nos acostamos
Tú te acuestas
------------
Ud., él, ella se acuesta
Uds., ellos, ellas se acuestan
Divertirse
Yo me divierto
Nosotros nos divertimos
Tú te diviertas
------------
Ud., él, ella se divierta
Uds., ellos, ellas se diviertan
The reflexive verbs acostarse (o-ue), dormirse (o-ue),
sentarse (e-ie), despertarse (e-ie) and divertirse (e-ie) are
stem-changing verbs.
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Verbos Reflexivos - nhsspanishclasses