3B – El imperativo negativo
Negative Commands
A. El imperativo formal
Just add “No” to make the command negative.
(Just add –n on to the verb to make the command
plural. Add “Uds” if you wish.)
Affirmative
• Hable
• Coma
• Duerma
• Pague
• Comience
• Haga
• Oiga
• Ponga
• Vaya
Negative
No hable(n) Ud(s)
No coma
No duerma
No pague
No comience
No haga
No oiga
No ponga
No vaya
B. “Let’s” Commands
Just add “No” to make the “Let’s” command
negative.
Affirmative
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Hablemos – Let’s talk
Comamos
Durmamos
Paguemos
Comencemos
Hagamos
Oigamos
Pongamos
Tengamos
Negative
No hablemos – Let’s not talk
No comamos
No durmamos
No paguemos
No comencemos
No hagamos
No oigamos
No pongamos
No tengamos
C. El imperativo familiar
To form the negative familiar
commands there are 3 steps.
• 1. Find the polite command
• 2. Place “no” before the verb
• 3. Add an “s” to the end
Ejemplo: Caminar
1. camine
2. no camine
3. no camines
Don’t walk.
parar
• 1. pare
• 2. no pare
• 3. no pares
Don’t stop.
cerrar
• 1. cierre
• 2. no cierre
• 2. no cierres
Don’t close.
pedir
• 1. pida
• 2. no pida
• 3. no pidas
Don’t order/request.
volver
• 1. vuelva
• 2. no vuelva
• 3. no vuelvas
Don’t return.
salir
• 1. salga
• 2. no salga
• 3. no salgas
Don’t leave.
estar
• esté
• no esté
• no estés
Don’t be
ir
• vaya
• no vaya
• no vayas
Don’t go
But…..Negative Commands
with Pronouns
Pronouns must be placed
before the verb in negative
commands.
A. POLITE COMMANDS
Affirmative Command
Llámeme. - Call me.
Póngaselo. – Put it on.
Devuélvala. – Return it.
Díganmelo. – Tell it to me.
Escríbanlas. – Write them
Levántense.- Get up.
Negative Command
No me llame.- Don’t call me.
No se lo ponga. - Don’t put it on.
No la devuelva.- Don’t return it.
No me lo digan. - Don’t tell it to me.
No las escriban. - Don’t write them.
No se levanten. - Don’t get up.
•In the negative command, the pronoun is placed
before the verb.
*In the negative command, there is no accent.
B. “LET’S” COMMANDS
Affirmative Command
Llamémoslo.– Let’s call him.
Pongámonoslos.– Let’s put them on
Devolvámosla. – Let’s return it.
Dígámosles. – Let’s tell (to)them.
Digámoselo.- Let’s tell it to them.
Escríbámoslas. – Let’s write them.
Levantémonos.- Let’s get up.
Negative Command
No lo llamemos.- Let’s not call him.
No nos los pongamos – Let’s not put them on.
No la devolvamos.- Let’s not return it.
No les digamos. – Let’s not tell them.
No se lo digamos – Let’s not tell it to them
No las escribamos. –Let’s not write them.
No nos levantemos. – Let’s not get up.
*In the negative command, the pronoun is placed before the verb.
•In the negative command, there is no accent.
•Don’t forget: Indirect before direct.
•Don’t forget: le or les becomes se in front of lo, la, los or las
•Don’t forget: drop the “s” on levantemos when adding nos
C. FAMILIAR COMMANDS
Affirmative Command
Llámame. - Call me.
Póntelo. – Put it on.
Devuélvela. – Return it.
Dímelo. – Tell it to me.
Escríbelas. – Write them.
Levántate.- Get up.
Negative Command
No me llames.- Don’t call me.
No te lo pongas. - Don’t put it on.
No la devuelvas.- Don’t return it.
No me lo digas. - Don’t tell it to me.
No las escribas. - Don’t write them.
No te levantes. - Don’t get up.
*Don’t forget the 3 steps: change to the polite command, add “no”,
add “s”.
*Place the pronoun before the verb.
*In the negative command, there is no accent.
*Don’t forget: Indirect before direct.
*Don’t forget: le or les becomes se in front of lo, la, los or las
Negative Commands –
Notice all pronouns are placed before
the verb.
A. Polite
• No me las cante Ud. . Don’t sing them to me.
• No lo haga Ud. Don’t do it.
• No tenga Ud. fiesta. Don’t have a party.
B. Let’s
• No estemos aquí mañana. Let’s not be here tomorrow.
• No la cerramos. Let’s not close it.
• No les digamos la verdad. Let’s not tell the truth to them.
C. Familiar
• No me la digas. Don’t tell it to me.
• No se lo des. Don’t give it to him.
• No te pongas los zapatos. Don’t put on your shoes.
Change the affirmative
command to the negative
A. Polite
Place the “no” before the verb, place pronouns
before the verb, remove accents.
• Dígame – Tell me.
• No me diga – Don’t tell
me.
• Manéjelo – Drive it.
• No lo maneje – Don’t
drive it.
• Cómpremelas – Buy
them for me.
• No me las compre. –
Don’t buy them for me
• Lávese. – Wash.
• No se lave. – Don’t wash.
• Tómela. – Take it.
• No la tome. – Don’t take
it.
• Prepáreselas. – Prepare
them for her.
• No se las prepare. –
Don’t prepare them for
her.
B. “Let”s”
Place the “no” before the verb, place pronouns
before the verb, and remove accents.
• Digámosle. – Let’s tell her.
• No le digamos. – Let’s not tell
her.
• Lavémonos. – Let’s wash.
• No nos lavemos. – Let’s not
wash.
• Manejémoslo. – Let’s drive it.
• No lo manejemos – Let’s not
drive it.
• Tomémosla. – Let’s take it.
• No la tomemos . – Let’s not
take it.
• Comprémoselas. – Let’s buy
them for him.
• No se las compremos. – Let’s
not buy them for him.
• Preparémoselas. – Let’s
prepare them for her.
• No se las preparemos. – Let’s
not prepare them for her.
C. Familiar
Change verb to the Polite command, place the
“no” before the verb, place pronouns before the
verb, add an “s”, and remove the accents.
• Dime. – Tell me.
• No me digas. – Don’t tell
me.
• Lávate. – Wash.
• No te laves. – Don’t
wash.
• Manéjalo. – Drive it.
• No lo manejes – Don’t
drive it.
• Tómala. – Take it.
• No la tomes. – Don’t take
it.
• Cómpramelas. – Buy
them for me.
• No me las compres. –
Don’t buy them for me
• Prepáraselas. – Prepare
them for her.
• No se las prepares. –
Don’t prepare them for
her.
Gracias por su atención.
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3B – El imperativo negativo