Nouns and Articles
BY NATE NICHOLS
Los sustantivos y los artículos
 A noun is a person, place or thing. Also, a noun is
anything we can put a name on. Therefore, even
words that refer to abstract concepts such as love,
life, anger, and so on, are nouns. In Spanish, one of
the words for noun is nombre, which simply means
name.
Masculine Nouns
 To identify Masculine
nouns you look for nouns
ending in o, í, ú or a
consonant.
 Of course, there are
exceptions. One is una
mano
 Examples:
 Un libro
 Un reloj
 un rubí
 un menú
Feminine nouns
 Normally, nouns ending
 Examples:
in a, ad, ción, or sión are
feminine.
 One exceptions is un
mapa.
 Una mesa
 Una nación
 Una cuidad
Feminine nouns
 Also, nouns that can
describe female persons
generally are feminine or
have a feminine form
that is similar to the
masculine form.
 Examples:
 Una mujer
 Una muchacha
 Una profesora
 Una doctora
Exceptions
 Masculine
 Feminine
 el cometa
 La foto
 el cura
 La moto
 el día
 La modelo
 el dilema
 La mano
 el diploma
 Nouns ending in “e”
 Nouns ending in “e” can either be masculine or feminine
such as un coche and una noche
Indefinite articles
 The indefinite article(un, una) refers to a non-specific item.
 “Es un libro”- It’s a book.
 Plural indefinite articles(unos, unas) can be translated to
“some” or “few””.
 “Hay unos libros en la sala de clase.”- There are a few
books in the classroom.
Definite articles
 The definite article(el, la)
refers to a specific item.
 “Es el libro que usamos
en la clase de español.”It’s the book we use in the
Spanish class.
 Plural definite
articles(los, las), same as
the singular effect, refer
to specific things.
 “Son los libros para la
clase de español.”They’re the books for the
Spanish class.
Pluralization
 If a noun ends in a, á, e, é, o, ó, i or u, we simply add s.
 Libro Libros
 Profesora Profesoras
 Café Cafés
 Casa Casas
 Cursi Cursis
 Muchacha Muchachas
 Tribu Tribus
 Mesa Mesas
Pluralization
 The rare word that ends in í or ú can be pluralized by
adding either s or es.
 rubí rubís/rubíes
• menú menús/menúes
• colibrí colibrís/colibríes
• Esquí esquís/esquíes
• Iglú iglús/iglúes
Pluralization
 If a noun ends in a consonant, we add es.
 Borrador borradores
 Reloj relojes
 Papel papeles
 Paredparedes
Practice!
 http://www.studyspanish.c
om/tests/genoun1.htm
 http://spanishgrammarless
ons.com/2-grammarworksheets/articles/spanis
h-definite-and-indefinitearticles-worksheet/
 http://spanishgrammarless
ons.com/2-grammarworksheets/articles/spanis
h-articles-quiz/
 http://spanishgrammarless
ons.com/2-grammarworksheets/articles/definit
e-articles-sentencesspanish-worskheet/
 http://spanishgrammarless
ons.com/2-grammarworksheets/articles/spanis
h-articles-fill-in-theblanks-worksheet/
 http://spanishgrammarless
ons.com/2-grammarworksheets/articles/spanis
h-indefinite-articlesworksheet/
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Nate Nichols - Profesora Jordan