VERBO AUXILIAR
TO BE = SER O ESTAR
TO BE = AM, IS, ARE……
PERSONAL PRONOUNS
I
= Yo
You = Tu, Ud, Uds.
El verbo To be (ser, o estar) para conjugarse
con los pronombres cambia a : Am, Is , Are…
Estas formas le corresponden a los pronombres
personales… de la siguiente forma:
Afirmative:
I
.
Am
HE = Él
You
She = Ella
We
It = Eso , Esto
They
We = Nosotros (as)
He
They = ellos, ellas
She
It
are
is
Negative :
I am not
You are not
He
is not
She is not
It
is not
We aren´t
Interrogative:
Interrogative negative
am I ?
Am I not ?
Are you ?
Are not you ?
Is he ?
Is not he ?
Is she ?
Isn´t she ?
Is it ?
Is not it ?
Are we ?
Aren´t we ?
Are they ?
Are not they ?
They are not
Is it a house ?
Is not she a doctor?
Are they girls?
Yes it is a house
No they aren´t girls
Yes it is.
They are boys
No, she is not a doctor.
She is a student
Change next sentences to
They are apples and
oranges
- , ? , ?-
She is a woman
It is a blue car
It is a big desk
We are boys
He is a teacher
GERUNDIO
EL GERUNDIO DE LOS VERBOS SE FORMA AGREGANDO ING AL INFINITIVO,
SUPRIMIENDO LA PARTICULA TO.
EJEMPLO: TO GO
= IR
GOING = IENDO
TO WORK
WORKING
EN CASTELLANO ESTA TERMINACION (ING) CORRESPONDE A LOS SUFIJOS ANDO
O
IENDO.
PARA AGREGAR DICHA TERMINACION A LOS VERBOS TENEMOS CIERTAS
REGLAS:
1.
SI EL VERBO TERMINA EN E SE SUPRIME LA E ANTES DE AGREGAR
ING.
EJEMPLO : TO TAKE
TAKING
TOMAR, LLEVAR
2.
TOMANDO, LLEVANDO
VERBOS MONOSILABOS QUE TERMNAN EN UNA SOLA
CONSONANTE, PRECEDIDA DE UNA SOLA VOCAL, DUPLICARA LA
CONSONANTE FINAL ANTES DE AGREGAR ING…
EJEMPLO: TO PUT
PUTTING
PONER, METER
PONIENDO, METIENDO
3. TODOS LOS DEMAS VERBOS UNICAMENTE
AUMENTAREMOS LA TERMINACION ING.
EXEPCIONES:
EJEMPLO :
TO WORK ---------
WORKING
BE = BEING
TO PLAY
PLAYING…
SEE = SEEING.
……..
PRESENTE
PROGRESIVO O CONTINUO
Las formas del presente del verbo be son am, is, are.
El presente progresivo o continuo se forma con el presente del verbo to
be ( am, is, are) que se usa en este caso como auxiliar además de colocar
el siguiente verbo en gerundio (ing).
Este tiempo se usa para describir una acción que esta aconteciendo en el
momento actual.
I AM STUDYING ENGLISH
I AM NOT STUDYING ENGLISH
AM I STUDYING ENGLISH?
AM I NOT STUDYING ENGLISH?
THEY ARE TALKING
THEY ARE NOT TALKING
ARE THEY TALKING?
AREN´T THEY TALKING?
Exercise:
Change next verbs to gerund and translate:
Change next sentences to afirmative, negative ,
interrogative and interrogative negative in english:
To work
To study
To do
To iron
To bake
•
Yo estoy estudiando inglés
•
Laura esta nadando en la casa
•
Rocio esta leyendo el libro de inglés
To cook
CAMBIA A INGLES LAS SIGUIENTE ORACIONES
To move
To dance
To swim
To read
1.
¿Dónde estas tu estudiando ?
2.
¿Qué esta rocio leyendo ?
3.
Yo estoy estudiando en Mexico
4.
Rocio esta leyendo un libro
Write next song in your notebook
2nd parcial
• Dust in Wind Kansas
• I close my eyes, only for a moment, and the moment's gone
All my dreams, pass before my eyes, a curiosity
Dust in the wind, all they are is dust in the wind.
• Same old song, just a drop of water in an endless sea
All we do, crumbles to the ground, though we refuse to see
Dust in the wind, all we are is dust in the wind
[Now]
• Don't hang on, nothing lasts forever but the earth and sky
It slips away, and all your money won't another minute buy.
Dust in the wind, all we are is dust in the wind
Dust in the wind, everything is dust in the wind.
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AM I NOT STUDYING ENGLISH?