The Subjunctive with
Adverbial Conjunctions
Sp. 3 VC
c.10
Adverbial Clauses

Adverbs indicate such things as WHY, WHERE,
WHEN, and HOW (modify verbs, adjectives and
other adverbs).


Ie…John works hard.
An adverbial clause is an entire clause (including
subject and conjugated verb) that indicates why,
where, when and how. (modifying verbs,
adjectives or other adverbs)

Ie…John works hard so that she will notice him.
Adverbial Clauses
Adverbial clauses are introduced by conjunctions
(these are the triggers that tell you the subjunctive
MAY be needed) :

Box 1
A fin de que
A menos que
Sin que
Para que
Antes de que
Con tal de que
En caso de que
Box 2
Cuando
Hasta que
Mientras
Tan pronto como
En cuanto
Después de que
Box 3
Aunque
Aun cuando
A pesar de que
Por mucho que
Según
Como
(time conjunctions) Así que
Adverbial Clauses

Some sources uses these as memory devices for
the adverbial conjunctions:
(these always use subjunctive)
Box 1
A fin de que
A menos que
Sin que
Para que
Antes de que
A
A
S
P
A
P
Con tal de que
En caso de que
C
E
A
A
E
S
C
A
Adverbial Clauses

Some sources uses this as a memory device for
1. When
the these adverbial conjunctions:
Box 2 and 3
Cuando
Hasta que
Aunque
Después de que
Así que
Tan pronto como
En cuanto
C
H
A
D
A
T
E
describing
future actions
(even in the
past – use
subjunctive
2. When
describing
completed
actions – use
indicative
3. When
describing
habitual
occurances –
use indicative
Adverbial Clauses
Either an adverbial phrase (preposition +
infinitive) or an adverbial clause (which
may require either the indicative or
subjunctive mood) may be used
depending on…

1.
Whether there is a change in subject
Ie…Paco is saving his money so he can buy a car.
Paco ahorra su dinero para comprar un coche.
Ie…I intend to study before class begins.
Yo pienso estudiar antes de que la clase empiece.
Adverbial Clauses

2.
Either an adverbial phrase (preposition +
infinitive) or an adverbial clause (which
may require either the indicative or
subjunctive mood) may be used
depending on…
The type situation or time in the clause
Ie…Hypothetical or anticipated = subjunctive
Completed, habitual or factual = indicative
Ie…I am not going unless she comes.
No voy a menos que ella venga
Progression of Tenses





As soon as you determine that the
subjunctive is needed (except commands
and extreme courtesy), then identify the
tense used in the primary clause in order
to determine WHICH subjunctive tense to
use:
Present Subjunctive (present, future)
Present Perfect Subjunctive (pres. perfect)
Imperfect Subjunctive (pret., imp, cond.)
Pluperfect Subjunctive (past or cond. perfect)
Practice
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
veas (ver) tu equipaje, cógelo.
En cuanto ____
llueva (llover) mañana, vamos a
Aunque _____
jugar al tenis.
hable (hablar).
Vas a salir sin que yo te ______
quieras
Voy a salir ahora a menos que ________
(querer) hablar conmigo.
Mi madre me dijo que me llamaría tan
llegara (llegar).
pronto como ella ________
llovía
Jugamos al tenis ayer aunque _______
(llover)
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The Subjunctive with Adverbial Conjunctions