Remember
articles….
“A/AN”
“SOME” or “A FEW”
SOME
A/AN &
SINGULAR
PLURAL
MASCULINE
un
unos
FEMININE
una
unas
THE
SINGULAR
PLURAL
MASCULINE
el
los
FEMININE
la
las
SINGULAR
PLURAL
mi
mis
MY
Here are a couple of helpful
phrases:
¿Qué llevas?
What are you wearing?
llevo...
I’m wearing...
Llevar
to wear
¿Cuánto cuesta (n)?
How much does it (do they) cost?
Cuesta (n)….
It costs…(they cost…)
la camiseta
la blusa
El sueter
La camisa
los pantalones
los pantalones cortos
los jeans
El abrigo
la chaqueta
El vestido
la falda
la corbata
El cinturon
El traje de baño
El sombrero
El gorro
Los zapatos
Los calcentines
las botas
las sandalias
los zapatos de tenis
Las gafas del sol
Los guantes
La bufanda
La estación (las estaciones)
el invierno
la primavera
el verano
el otoño
To talk about shopping…..
Español
Inglés
El centro comercial
Shopping center, mall
El dinero
El euro
El precio
El tamaño
La tienda
Ir de compras
pagar
money
euro
The price
The size
The store
To go shopping
To pay
To describe clothing…..
Español
feo
Inglés
ugly
bonito
pretty
nuevo
largo (a)
corto
caro
barato
apretado
new
long
short
expensive
cheap
tight
baggy
Los idiomas con Tener
Tener hambre
• To have hunger
– To be hungry
• Tengo hambre antes del
almuerzo
• I am hungry before lunch!
Tener sed
• To be thirsty
– Tengo sed cuando bailo
mucho
• I am thirsty when I dance
alot.
Tener frío
• To be cold
– Tenemos frio en el
invierno en Kansas.
• We are cold in the winter
in Kansas
Tener calor
• To be hot
– Tenemos calor en el
verano en Kansas.
• We are hot in the summer
in Kansas
Tener razón
• To be right (correct)
– Yo siempre tengo razón.
Soy la profesora!
• I am always right, I am
the teacher!
Tener suerte
• To be lucky
– ¿Tienes suerte en tu
vida?
• Are you lucky in life?
Tener miedo
• To have fear
– To be afraid
• Tengo miedo de los
ratones.
• I am afraid of mice!
Tener prisa
• To be in a hurry
– ¿Tienes prisa en la
mañana?
• Are you in a hurry in the
morning?
Tener que…+infinitive
• To have to do someting
– ¡Tengo que trabajar
mucho!
• I have to work a lot!
Tener….años
• To have a number of
years.
– Tengo cien años
• I am one hundred years
old!
Let’s conjugate!!!
Llevar = to wear
YO ( I )
tengo
I have
tienes
You have
El (he)
tiene
(she)
Ella
(you formal)
Usted
He has
She has
You have
(formal)
Nosotros
(We)
Nosotras
We have
Tú (yo )
u
tenemos
Ellos They (boys)
Ellas They
tienen
(girls)
(You all)
Ustedes
They have
Tener frío
• To be cold
– Tenemos frio en el
invierno en Kansas.
• We are cold in the winter
in Kansas
Tener calor
• To be hot
– Tenemos calor en el
verano en Kansas.
• We are hot in the summer
in Kansas
Tener razón
• To be right (correct)
– Yo siempre tengo razón.
Soy la profesora!
• I am always right, I am
the teacher!
Tener suerte
• To be lucky
– ¿Tienes suerte en tu
vida?
• Are you lucky in life?
Stem Changing Verbs
In Spanish, some verbs have a ______
stem-change
in the present tense.
• This means that the root of the word
changes but the endings stay the same.
• For e
ie stem-changing verbs, the e of
the stem changes to ie in all forms except
nosotros.
____________
• For example:
– Querer (to want) stem changes to: quiero
yo ( )
I
_____-o_____
tú (
)
____-es____you
él
(she)
ella
(he)
Usted (you formal)
__-e_____
vosotros
vosotras (You
all)
_____-éis_____
Nosotros
Nosotras
(We)
_____-emos___
Ellos __-en____
quiero
quieres
I want
You want
He wants
quiere
She wants
You want(formal)
queréis
queremos
quieren
You all want
We want
They want
You all want
Other e
Español
ie stem-changers
Inglés
Cerrar
To close
Empezar
To begin
Entender
To understand
Pensar
To think
preferir
To prefer
yo ( )
I
_____-o_____
tú (
)
____-es____you
él
(she)
ella
(he)
Usted (you formal)
__-e_____
vosotros
vosotras (You
all)
_____-éis_____
Nosotros
Nosotras
(We)
_____-emos___
Ellos __-en____
pienso
I think
pienses
You think
piense
He thinks
She thinks
You think
(formal)
pieséis
pensamos
piensen
You all think
We think
They think
You all think
yo ( )
I
_____-o_____
tú (
)
____-es____you
él
(she)
ella
(he)
Usted (you formal)
__-e_____
vosotros
vosotras (You
all)
_____-ís_____
Nosotros
Nosotras
(We)
_____-imos___
Ellos __-en____
prefiero
prefieres
I prefer
You prefer
He prefers
prefiere
She prefers
You prefer
(formal)
prefierís
preferimos
prefieren
You all prefer
We prefer
They prefer
You all prefer
Notice that when one verb
follows another, the first verb is
conjugated and the second stays
in its infinitive form.
Quiero comer la pizza por favor. I want to eat pizza please.
Do you want to go to the library
¿Quieres ir a la biblioteca conmigo?
with me?
Practice: Translate the following
to Spanish. BE CAREFUL!
1. My brother and I understand Spanish.
-------------------------------------------------------2. Please close the door.
____________________________________
3. I want a hamburger now!
_____________________________________
4. What do you think?
____________________________________
5. I prefer the red shoes.
_____________________________________
6. We don´t want to go home!
_____________________________________
7. Do you understand?
_____________________________________
8. Math class begins at 10.
____________________________________
Direct object pronouns
• Direct objects receive the action of the verb
in the sentence. They answer the question
whom? or what? The direct object can be a
pronoun
_______
noun or a __________.
• Find the direct object in these sentences.
Underline them on your paper.
– Luisa is buying the blouse. Luisa is buying it.
– I am eating the pizza. I am eating it.
Direct object pronouns
• Direct object pronouns can be used to
replace direct object nouns in Spanish.
• Direct object pronouns must match the noun
they replace in number and gender.
Here they are…
• The direct object noun is placed after the
conjugated verb.
– BUT
• The direct object pronoun is placed before
the conjugated verb.
Quiero la camisa. I want the shirt
is replaced with
La quiero. I want it.
Let’s practice. Underline the
direct object. Then, replace it
with the direct object pronoun.
1. Quiero los zapatos.
Los quiero.
2. Prefiero el café
Lo prefiero.
3. Llevamos las camisas rosadas.
Las llevamos.
• When an infinitive follows the conjugated
verb, the direct object pronoun can be
placed before the conjugated verb or be
attached to the infinitive.
Let´s practice….
1. Write the sentence in Spanish.
2. Underline the direct object.
3. Then, write it with a direct object pronoun.
1. I want to visit my grandma.
Quiero visitar mi abuela.
Quiero visitarla.
_____________________________________
2. I prefer to eat the pizza.
Prefiero comer la pizza.
_____________________________________
Prefiero comerla.
3. I want to buy the blouse.
Quiero comprar la blusa.
Quiero comprarla.
_____________________________________
4. You need to close the door.
Necesitas cerrar la puerta. Necesitas cerrarla.
____________________________________
5. She wants to wear the green hat.
Ella quiere llevar el sombrero verde.
Ella quiere llevarlo.
_____________________________________
6. We need to buy the ugly shoes.
Necesitamos comprarlos.
Necesitamos
comprar los zapatos feos.
_____________________________________
7. Who needs to eat green eggs?
¿Quién
necesita comer los huevos verdes? Quién necesita comerlos
_____________________________________
8. We prefer to drink orange juice.
Preferimos
beber jugo de naranja.
Preferimos beberlo.
_____________________________________
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