Irregular Verbs I All of the following verbs are irregular. Some are just a little irregular, and some are REALLY irregular. In each paradigm—that’s the chart that looks like this: ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ --the irregularities in each verb form are highlighted so that you can see what they are. That way you know what to MEMORIZE. IR (to go) “Ir” looks very different from its verb forms, so I’d have to highlight every single verb form. But look at “hablar,” and you’ll see that once you get past the “yo” form of “ir,” it doesn’t look so strange: voy vas va vamos vais van hablo hablas habla hablamos habláis hablan After you get past the “yo” form, the other forms of “ir” are just a “v” with the –ar endings on it. TENER (to have) tengo tienes tiene tenemos tenéis tienen The next verb’s changes are identical to those of “tener”: VENIR (to come) vengo vienes viene venimos venís vienen Just remember that “tener” is an –er verb with –er endings and that “venir” is an –ir verb with –ir endings. HACER (to do, to make) & VER (to see) “Hacer” and “ver” are similar in that both are irregular in only the “yo” form: hago hacemos haces hacéis hace hacen veo ves ve vemos veis ven ESTAR (to be) “Estar” is irregular only in the first person, except for the fact that it has accent marks where regular verbs don’t: estoy estás está estamos estáis están hablo hablas habla hablamos habláis hablan OK, two of the previous verbs come with their own little usage problems. How do you think you say, “I’m going to read”? Voy leer. Wrong. It’s “Voy a leer.” Any time an infinitive (a verb meaning “to read,” “to write,” etc.) a to have “a” in follows a form of “ir,” it has front of it: Juan y yo vamos a estudiar. -Juan and I are going to study. Elisa y Carlos van a comer las manzanas.—Elisa & Carlos are going to eat the apples. “Tener” has a similar requirement. How do you think you’d say, “I have to read”? Tengo leer. Wrong. Any time an infinitive (a verb meaning “to read,” “to write,” etc.) follows a form of que in front of it: “tener,” it has to have “que” Juan y yo tenemos que estudiar. -Juan and I have to study. Elisa y Carlos tienen que comer las manzanas.—Elisa & Carlos have to eat the apples. To sum up, here are all the irregular verbs you’ve just seen: ir voy vas va vamos vais van tener venir tengo tenemos tienes tenéis tiene tienen vengo venimos vienes venís viene vienen hacer hago hacemos haces hacéis hace hacen ver estar veo vemos estoy estamos ves ve veis ven estás está estáis están And that’s it. Click here to go to your homework.