Irregular Verbs I
All of the following verbs are irregular. Some are
just a little irregular, and some are REALLY
irregular. In each paradigm—that’s the chart
that looks like this:
____
____
____
____
____
____
--the irregularities in each verb form are
highlighted so that you can see what they are.
That way you know what to MEMORIZE.
IR (to go)
“Ir” looks very different from its verb forms, so I’d have
to highlight every single verb form. But look at
“hablar,” and you’ll see that once you get past the “yo”
form of “ir,” it doesn’t look so strange:
voy
vas
va
vamos
vais
van
hablo
hablas
habla
hablamos
habláis
hablan
After you get past the “yo” form, the other forms of “ir”
are just a “v” with the –ar endings on it.
TENER (to have)
tengo
tienes
tiene
tenemos
tenéis
tienen
The next verb’s changes are identical to those of “tener”:
VENIR (to come)
vengo
vienes
viene
venimos
venís
vienen
Just remember that “tener” is an –er verb with –er endings and
that “venir” is an –ir verb with –ir endings.
HACER (to do, to make)
&
VER (to see)
“Hacer” and “ver” are similar in that both are
irregular in only the “yo” form:
hago hacemos
haces hacéis
hace hacen
veo
ves
ve
vemos
veis
ven
ESTAR (to be)
“Estar” is irregular only in the first person,
except for the fact that it has accent marks
where regular verbs don’t:
estoy
estás
está
estamos
estáis
están
hablo
hablas
habla
hablamos
habláis
hablan
OK, two of the previous verbs come with their
own little usage problems. How do you think
you say, “I’m going to read”?
Voy
leer.
Wrong. It’s “Voy a leer.” Any time an infinitive
(a verb meaning “to read,” “to write,” etc.)
a to have “a” in
follows a form of “ir,” it has
front of it:
Juan y yo vamos a estudiar.
-Juan and I are going to study.
Elisa y Carlos van a comer las manzanas.—Elisa & Carlos are going to eat
the apples.
“Tener” has a similar requirement.
How do you think you’d say, “I have to read”?
Tengo leer.
Wrong. Any time an infinitive (a verb meaning
“to read,” “to write,” etc.) follows a form of
que in front of it:
“tener,” it has to have “que”
Juan y yo tenemos que estudiar.
-Juan and I have to study.
Elisa y Carlos tienen que comer las manzanas.—Elisa & Carlos have to eat
the apples.
To sum up, here are all the irregular verbs you’ve just seen:
ir
voy
vas
va
vamos
vais
van
tener
venir
tengo tenemos
tienes tenéis
tiene tienen
vengo venimos
vienes venís
viene vienen
hacer
hago
hacemos
haces hacéis
hace hacen
ver
estar
veo
vemos
estoy
estamos
ves
ve
veis
ven
estás
está
estáis
están
And that’s it.
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A Bunch of Irregular Verbs