ESPAñOL 3 HONORES
UNIDAD 3
 FOR
–AR verbs
 Drop –AR
 Add:
e, es, e, emos, en
 FOR
–ER & -IR verbs
 Drop –ER or –IR
 Add:
a, as, a, amos, an
 Like
in the Present Indicative, -AR and –ER
Stem changing verbs are SHOE VERBS
 Stem changes in 4 forms
pIEnse, pIEnses,
pIEnse, pEnsemos, pIEnsen
 Pensar:
vUElva, vUElvas,
vUElva, vOlvamos, vUElvan
 Volver:


Have a stem change in ALL forms
The stem change for YO, Tú, Él/ELLA/USTED,
ELLOS/ELLAS/USTEDES follows the same stem change as present
indicative.
The NOSOTROS stem change is as follows and
may be different from that of the other forms:
E – I
O – U

Prefiera, prefieras, prefiera,
PREFIRAMOS, prefieran

PREFERIR:

MORIR:
Muera, mueras, muera, MURAMOS,
mueran
Are the verbs that end in –GO in the Present
Indicative
 Tener, Poner, Hacer, Venir, Traer, Decir, Salir,
Oír


To form the Present Subjunctive, drop “o” and
apply the opposite vowel in ALL forms of the
subjunctive (left with G in all forms)
I.E.: Decir
 DIGO
 Diga, digas, diga, digamos, digan

 End
in ZCO in the Present Indicative
 Conocer,
Conducir, Producir,
 Drop
“O”, apply the opposite vowel from
infinitive vowel (left with zc in all forms)
 I.E.:
Conocer
 Conozco
 Conozca, conozcas, conozca, conozcamos,
conozcan
 End
in “yo” in the Present Indicative
 Construir,
distribuir, huir,
 Drop
“O”, apply opposite vowel in all forms
 Left with y in all forms
 I.E.:
Construir
 Construyo
 Construya, construyas, construya,
construyamos, construyan
 End
in “JO” in the Present Indicative
 Proteger,
recoger
 Drop
o, apply opposite vowel in all forms of
the Subjunctive (left with “j” in all forms)
 I.E.:
Recoger
 Recojo
 Recoja, recojas, recoja, recojamos,
recojan

Have a consonant or other spelling change in ALL
forms of the Subjunctive

CAR: C – QU (QUE in all forms)
SACAR: Saque, saques, saque, saquemos, saquen





GAR: G – GU (GUE in all forms)
PAGAR: Pague, pagues, pague, paguemos, paguen
ZAR: Z – C (CE in all forms)
REALIZAR: Realice, realices, realice, realicemos,
realicen
 DAR:
Dé, des, dé, demos, den
 SABER:
Sepa, sepas, sepa, sepamos, sepan
 ESTAR:
Esté, estés, esté, estemos, estén
 SER:
Sea, seas, sea, seamos, sean
 VER:
Vea, veas, vea, veamos, vean
 IR:
Vaya, vayas, vaya, vayamos, vayan
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EL PRESENTE DEL SUBJUNTIVO