Princeton University Library
How MARC21 Works
Understanding MARC Bibliographic
Eduardo Tenenbaum
Cotsen Children’s Library Cataloger
[email protected]
Workshop contents
• Part 1. The Bibliographic Record
– Basics of ISBD description
– The bibliographic record and user tasks of the catalog
• Part 2. MARC and the bibliographic record
– MARC elements
• Description fields
• Controlled access points
There will be short practice drills as we go along.
A list of online resources will follow the presentation.
Understanding MARC Bibliographic
Workshop goals
• Identify the main elements in the MARC bibliographic format
• Understand how MARC encodes bibliographic content
• Learn strategies for “reading” a MARC record
• On the more subjective side—
– Make MARC work for you
– Become a smarter user of the catalog
Understanding MARC Bibliographic
Part 1
The Bibliographic Record
The Bibliographic Record
The description of an item of recorded
information, which includes all the data
necessary to uniquely identify it,
together with access points. For
records entered into an online catalog,
the MARC format is generally used.
Bibliographic description is based on an internationally agreed standard (ISBD)
Understanding MARC Bibliographic
The Bib Record and the Library Catalog
• Find
• Identify
• Select
• Acquire
• Navigate
Every element of the bibliographic record supports the user tasks of the catalog
Understanding MARC Bibliographic
Description and Access: Summary
Bibliographic Description
Access Points
(Used to uniquely identify an item)
(Used to identify and collocate an item)
1. Title and statement of responsibility
2. Edition
3. Material of physical medium
4. Publication and manufacturing
5. Physical description
6. Series
7. Notes of useful information
8. Standard numbers
• Uncontrolled
• Title proper
• Place of publication
• Year
• Controlled
• Names
• Personal
• Corporate
• Conference
• Geographic
• Uniform titles
• Topical terms
Understanding MARC Bibliographic
Catalog cards now have other uses …
cARTalog Collection, Special Collections Department
University of Iowa Libraries, Iowa City, Iowa
… but the fundamentals of description and access remain.
Understanding MARC Bibliographic
Part 2
The Bibliographic Record and MARC
Catalog card similar to OPAC display
Long View
Understanding MARC Bibliographic
OPAC display derived from MARC record
Staff View
Understanding MARC Bibliographic
MARC Formats (Bibliographic)
Bibliographic Record
Understanding MARC Bibliographic
MARC Formats (Holdings)
Holdings Record
Understanding MARC Bibliographic
MARC Formats (Authority 1)
Authority Record
Understanding MARC Bibliographic
MARC Formats (Authority 2)
Authority record with many name variants
Understanding MARC Bibliographic
Reading a MARC record
Not from top left to bottom right …
but from the center out.
Understanding MARC Bibliographic
MARC Elements
245 14 ‡a The great cat massacre and other episodes in French
cultural history / ‡c Robert Darnton.
250 ## ‡a 1st Vintage Books ed.
260 ## ‡a New York : ‡b Vintage Books, ‡c 1985.
300 ## ‡a xiii, 298 p. : ‡b ill. ; ‡c 21 cm.
504 ## ‡a Includes bibliographical references and index.
FIELD
TAG
INDICATOR
DELIMITER
SUBFIELD CODE
Zeroing in on ISBD description fields
Understanding MARC Bibliographic
Title and statement of responsibility
100 1# ‡a Darnton, Robert.
245 14 ‡a The great cat massacre and other episodes in French cultural history / ‡c Robert
Darnton.
100 1# ‡a Darnton, Robert.
240 10 ‡a Great cat massacre and other episodes in French cultural history. ‡l French
245 13 ‡a La massacre de chats : ‡b attitudes et croyances dans l’ancienne France / ‡c
Robert Darnton ; traduit de l’américain par Marie-Allyx Revellat.
...
700 1# ‡a Revellat, Marie-Allyx, ‡e tr.
100 1# ‡a Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de, ‡d 1547-1616.
240 10 ‡a Coloquio de los perros. ‡l English & Spanish
245 14 ‡a The dialogue of the dogs = ‡b El coloquio de los perros / ‡c Miguel de Cervantes ;
translated by William Rowlandson.
FIELD
TAG
INDICATOR
DELIMITER
SUBFIELD CODE
Examples of field 245 (ISBD area 1) with personal name and uniform title.
Understanding MARC Bibliographic
Note fields
500 ## ‡a Includes index.
502 ## ‡a Thesis (Ph. D.)--Princeton University, 2008.
504 ## ‡a Bibliography: p. 246-287.
505 00 ‡t Europe -- ‡t Asia -- ‡t North America -- ‡t South America.
510 4# ‡a ESTC ‡c R211806
520 ## ‡a An illustrated collection of poems set to music.
546 ## ‡a Parallel text in French and English.
FIELD
TAG
INDICATOR
DELIMITER
SUBFIELD CODE
Examples of fields 5XX (ISBD area 7).
Understanding MARC Bibliographic
Review (1)
100 1# ‡a Darnton, Robert.
245 14 ‡a The great cat massacre and other episodes in French cultural history /
‡c Robert Darnton.
250 ## ‡a 1st Vintage Books ed.
260 ## ‡a New York : ‡b Vintage Books, ‡c 1985.
300 ## ‡a xiii, 298 p. : ‡b ill. ; ‡c 21 cm.
504 ## ‡a Includes bibliographical references and index.
650 #0 ‡a [Topical subject heading not yet covered]
FIELD
TAG
INDICATOR
DELIMITER
SUBFIELD CODE
Description fields 245-5XX with field 100 main entry.
Understanding MARC Bibliographic
Review (2)
Title proper = Parallel title : other title information /
first statement of responsibility ; each subsequent
statement of responsibility. -- Edition statement /
first statement of responsibility relating to the
edition. -- First place of publication, etc. : First
publisher, etc, date of publication, etc. -- Extent of
item : other physical details ; dimensions. -- (Title
proper of series / statement of responsibility
relating to series) -- Note(s). -- Standard number.
Second level description [modified]: AACR2, 1.0D2.
ISBD description areas written out in card catalog form.
Understanding MARC Bibliographic
Review (2)
020 ## ‡a 13-digit ISBN
245 XX ‡a Title = ‡b Parallel title : other title information / ‡c first
statement of responsibility ; each subsequent statement of
responsibility.
250 ## ‡a Edition statement / ‡b first statement of responsibility
relating to the edition.
260 ## ‡a First place of publication, etc. : ‡b First publisher, etc, ‡c
date of publication, etc.
300 ## ‡a Extent of item : ‡b other physical details ; ‡c dimensions.
490 0# ‡a Title proper of series / statement of responsibility relating to
series ; ‡v series vol. no.
500 ## ‡a Note(s).
ISBD description areas written out and coded in MARC format.
Understanding MARC Bibliographic
Quiz
XXX 1# ‡a Travers, P. L. ‡q (Pamela Lyndon), ‡d 1899-1996.
XXX 10 ‡a Mary Poppins from A to Z. ‡l Latin
XXX 10 ‡a Maria Poppina ab A ad Z / ‡c scripta a P.L. Travers ; picturas
delineavit Mary Shepard ; latine reddidit G.M. Lyne
XXX ## ‡a London : ‡b Collins ; ‡c 1968 cm.
XXX ## ‡a [56] p. : ‡b ill. ; ‡c 20 cm.
XXX ## ‡a Features twenty-six vignettes, one for each letter of the alphabet,
starring Mary Poppins and other characters from the Mary Poppins novels.
XXX ## ‡a Latin translation of: Mary Poppins from A to Z.
Identify the correct TAG for each field in the record.
Hints: 240
FIELD
546
TAG
500
300
INDICATOR
260
100
245
DELIMITER
SUBFIELD CODE
Understanding MARC Bibliographic
Tags should look like this …
100 1# ‡a Travers, P. L. ‡q (Pamela Lyndon), ‡d 1899-1996.
240 10 ‡a Mary Poppins from A to Z. ‡l Latin
245 10 ‡a Maria Poppina ab A ad Z / ‡c scripta a P.L. Travers ; picturas
delineavit Mary Shepard ; latine reddidit G.M. Lyne
260 ## ‡a London : ‡b Collins ; ‡c 1968 cm.
300 ## ‡a [56] p. : ‡b ill. ; ‡c 20 cm.
500 ## ‡a Features twenty-six vignettes, one for each letter of the alphabet,
starring Mary Poppins and other characters from the Mary Poppins novels.
546 ## ‡a Latin translation of: Mary Poppins from A to Z.
FIELD
TAG
INDICATOR
DELIMITER
SUBFIELD CODE
Understanding MARC Bibliographic
Controlled access points
0XX
1XX
2XX
3XX
4XX
5XX
6XX
7XX
8XX
9XX
Control information, numbers and codes
Main entry
Titles and title paragraph (title, edition, imprint)
Physical description, etc.
Series statements
Notes
Subject access fields
Added entries other than subject or series; linking fields
Series added entries; location, and alternate graphics
Reserved for local implementation
MARC bibliographic format blocks
Fields under authority control marked in red
Understanding MARC Bibliographic
Parallel content
X00
X10
X11
X30
X40
X50
X51
Personal names
Corporate names
Meeting names
Uniform titles
Bibliographic titles
Topical terms
Geographic names
Parallel tag construction for fields requiring authority control
Understanding MARC Bibliographic
Parallel content
X00
X10
X11
X30
X40
X50
X51
Personal names
Corporate names
Meeting names
Uniform titles
Bibliographic titles
Topical terms
Geographic names
100 1# ‡a Barker, Stuart, ‡d 1970-
A book written by Stuart Barker …
Understanding MARC Bibliographic
Parallel content
X00
X10
X11
X30
X40
X50
X51
Personal names
Corporate names
Meeting names
Uniform titles
Bibliographic titles
Topical terms
Geographic names
100 1# ‡a Barker, Stuart, ‡d 1970600 10 ‡a Knievel, Evel ‡d 1938-2007.
… about the person Evel Knievel …
Understanding MARC Bibliographic
Parallel content
X00
X10
X11
X30
X40
X50
X51
Personal names
Corporate names
Meeting names
Uniform titles
Bibliographic titles
Topical terms
Geographic names
100 1# ‡a Barker, Stuart, ‡d 1970600 10 ‡a Knievel, Evel ‡d 1938-2007.
650 #0 ‡a Stunt cycling ‡z United States
‡v Biography.
… on the topic of stunt cycling in the United States …
Understanding MARC Bibliographic
Parallel content
X00
X10
X11
X30
X40
X50
X51
Personal names
Corporate names
Meeting names
Uniform titles
Bibliographic titles
Topical terms
Geographic names
100 1# ‡a Barker, Stuart, ‡d 1970600 10 ‡a Knievel, Evel ‡d 1938-2007.
650 #0 ‡a Stunt cycling ‡z United States
‡v Biography.
710 2# ‡a St. Martin’s Press.
… published by St. Martin’s Press.
Understanding MARC Bibliographic
Quiz
XXX xx ‡a Rowling, J. K.
[Author of: Harry Potter and the sorcerer’s stone]
XXX xx ‡a GrandPré, Mary.
[Illustrator of: Harry Potter and the sorcerer’s stone]
XXX xx ‡a Bible. ‡p O.T. ‡p Haggai
[Text of a book from the Bible]
XXX xx ‡a Bible. ‡p O.T. ‡p Haggai
[Commentary on this text]
XXX xx ‡a Potter, Harry (Fictitious character)
XXX xx ‡a J. Harris and Son
[Author of: Harris’ instructive and amusing publications]
Identify the correct TAG for each field
Hints: 110
100
630
700
650
130
Understanding MARC Bibliographic
Tags should look like this …
100 1# ‡a Rowling, J. K.
[Author of: Harry Potter and the sorcerer’s stone]
700 1# ‡a GrandPré, Mary.
[Illustrator of: Harry Potter and the sorcerer’s stone]
130 0# ‡a Bible. ‡p O.T. ‡p Haggai
[Text of a book from the Bible]
630 00 ‡a Bible. ‡p O.T. ‡p Haggai
[Commentary on this text]
650 #0 ‡a Potter, Harry (Fictitious character)
110 2# ‡a J. Harris and Son
[Author of: Harris’ instructive and amusing publications]
Understanding MARC Bibliographic
Take-home exercise 1
Understanding MARC Bibliographic
Take-home exercise 2
Understanding MARC Bibliographic
Take-home exercise 3
Understanding MARC Bibliographic
Web resources
1. Understanding MARC bibliographic
1. http://www.loc.gov/marc/umb/
2. Clear and concise overview of (nearly) everything MARC.
2. Online Dictionary for Information Science
1. http://lu.com/odlis/index.cfm
2. A useful LIS dictionary with many examples and external links.
3. OCLC Bibliographic formats and standards
1. http://www.oclc.org/bibformats/en/
2. Essential reference for all catalogers.
4. Library of Congress. MARC standards
1. http://www.loc.gov/marc/
2. Much more than just MARC. Essential reference.
Understanding MARC Bibliographic
Thank you!
Contact info:
Eduardo Tenenbaum
[email protected]
Understanding MARC Bibliographic
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How MARC works : understanding MARC bibliographic