Current ICT Infrastructure of Nepal and NREN services
Prashant Manandhar
Nepal Research & Education Network (NREN).
Prime College, Tribhuwan University
Healthcare and Medical Research Collaborations between the USA
and South Asia
Internet2 Spring Member Meeting,22 - 26 April 2007
Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Overview of Nepal
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Area:
Population in million:
Rural Population:
Key Economic Sectors:
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Agriculture and Tourism
Literacy in English:
Computer ownership per 100 inhabitants:
Telephone lines per 100 inhabitants:
Internet users per 100 inhabitants:
National bandwidth capacity within the country:
National average bandwidth at NPIX:
International bandwidth
147,797 Sq. Km
27.05
75.5%
18%
2.80
3.5
1.80
1000:1000 Mbps
18~25 Mpbs
100:55 Mbps
Human Resource Development in ICT
Universities
Tribhuvan
Number of
Institution
No. of
Students
Bachelor
Level
No. of
Students
Master
Level
18
5052
627
3
2904
430
Pokhara
15
1477
380
Purwanchal
16
1930
320
Total
52
11363
1757
Kathmandu
No. of
Student
Ph. D.
4
4
Present Status of ICT
Internet Status
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Start Leased Line Cable and Radio Modems ((19 Kbps-64Kbps) for
Data in early 1995.
Start of ISDN and Wireless Internet Service – 2000
Establishment of Nepal Internet Exchange (npIX) – 2002
Start of Wireless broadband Service – 2003
Start of Cable Internet Service – 2004
Metro Ethernet to Home Internet – 2005
Fiber Optics laid in National East-West Highway 2005 purposes for
Data and Voice Telecom only, Gateway connection with BSNL, India,
2007. Next Phase to China.
Total Number of Internet Users – ~550,000, Number of ISPs – 26
Number of Optical Fiber provider for cable TV- 5
Number of Optical Fiber provider for Internet - 7
Number of VSAT Network Service Providers – 8
Present Status of ICT
ICT Infrastructure and Services
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Telephone Service Providers – 3(NTC, UTL,STM)
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PSTN Fixed Line Telephones – 600000
Mobile Phone Service Provider – 3 (NTC, Spice Nepal, UTL)
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Mobile Phone Subscribers GSM & CDMA – 110000
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Data not upto-date, as all providers are rapidly expanding
Number of Fax Mail Service Providers – 6
Number of Satellite Telephone Service Providers – 3
Number of Radio Paging Service Providers – 3
Number of Local Data Network Service Providers – 2
Radio broadcast stations: SW 1,MW 6, FM 22, (Radios:
2,800,000, costs < $1).
Television broadcast stations: 5 (Televisions: ~ 1000,000)
Government Initiatives for ICT
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Establishment of HLCIT: 2003
“High Level Commission Information Technology”
- An apex body formed to provide strategic direction and to help
formulate appropriate policy responses for the development of
ICT sector.
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Cyber Law, yet to be complete
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Standardization of Nepali Fonts
Establishment of Rural Tele-centers
VoIP licensing on the process
Establishment of NREN
Nepal Research and Education Network (NREN) has been established on Feb 2006
as a facilitator to support for advanced research and education network through
the means of Information and Communication Technology and as a knowledge
centre to support good ICT initiatives and researcher in the country. This entity
has been established as a non-profit network under the Prime College, affiliated to
National Tribhuwan National University, collaboration with other Universities,
Education Institutes, Research Institutions, National IX, National Telecom,
Government and Non Government Organizations, Industry association, Interested
Educationists and Individuals. www.nren.net.np.
Using APAN network as a primary ICT infrastructure for advanced research.
Providing ICT infrastructure to support development research and studies.
Promoting and supporting APAN and its associated.
Establishing connectivity for knowledge and information sharing carry out
study and research on various subject matters by means of ICT.
ICT Infrastructure and Services
Currently, our networks exist only in Capital city, we’re not connected
yet to Global Research and education network.
For Research and training Labs:
Local Bandwidth: 2-10 Mbps, International Bandwidth 256Kbps
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Routers: Cisco 1750 : 2
Routers: Cisco 1700 Series : 20
CISCO Catalyst 2950 Switch (24-port Fast Ethernet) : 8
Servers
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Linux and FreeBSD Server Systems: 2
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Windows 2003 Intranet Server : 1
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Workstations using Windows, Linux - 11
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Wireless Networking Experiment Center
This lab is used for research, demonstration and testing of advanced
networks and latest technologies by Local ISPs, NPIX and researchers.
Application Development on Data and Voice Communications.
Current NREN Activity
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Project Involvement and Research in various ICT fields as follow:.
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The SIP phones to connect to different villages via the WI-FI devices and
The monitoring and management system has been developed for each
phone locations. The open source application has been use for this system.
Implemented in Nepal Wireless Project.
E-learning for secondary higher education students at the villages in local
language, Intranet Portal.
Telemedicine for Health Post in the villages and Video Conference for
Telemedicine will be implement soon within the villages.
Hot Spot systems and its applications
Web GIS: A portal for GIS functionality as well as data distribution.
Mesh WI-FI implementation is under process.
All NREN members will be connecting through Optical Fibre very soon.
Computer technical Troubleshooting knowledgebase information
system in local Nepali language for communities on developing
process.
Current NREN Activity
Web enabled video, audio and text communication.
To fulfill the communicating gap between the remote health
polyclinics and health post.
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Enables the users to share their ideas and knowledge.
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Enables them to communicate form remote places.
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Distance check-up of the patients can be achieved be the
specialist.
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Distance learning is possible.
Components Used:
 VLC (video LAN Client) plug-ins.
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Active-X components.
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SIP Application (xlite phone).
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Current NREN Activity
Activity Coming Soon in NREN
Set up ICT infrastructure for connecting all national universities,
institutions, research consortium and APAN members around world.
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IPV6 implementation in all NREN members by July 2007, tunneling
through local ISPs.
Local ISPs ready to provide unused local capacity for NREN Use at
discounted rates to connect other cities.Specially, Helping by Nepal
Telecom.
HealthNet Nepal
Health Information Networking in Nepal :
Taking Care by one of the NREN board of Director
Dr. Mohan Raj Pradhan, CEO
HealthNet Nepal, Teaching Hospital,TU.
 On-line community is composed of many factors that
influence its success and sustainability for Health
Programs.
 The factor visible is only tools and technology for Health.
HealthNet Nepal
Social and cultural factors
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For helping to interact with on-line community, HNN has
taken into consideration the following factors:
 Membership
 Identity
 Culture
 Language
 Attention
HealthNet Nepal
Connectivity Medium
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Depending upon types of users the connectivity medium
consist of Fiber optics, wireless link through radio
modem, and dial-up connection through E1-leased line.
In extending the connectivity medium collaboration is
done with private partners. Initiative like this.
Serving Internet service to >5000 individuals dialup
clients; Doctors, Nurses, Students
5 hospitals,medical related research intuitions and
Polyclinics.
Total Local Bandwidth 10Mbps, International Bandwidth
HealthNet Nepal
Tools and Services
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Classified into six categories:
 Health Discussion Group
 Health Resources
 Journals
 Databases
 Training Materials
 Software Packages
HealthNet Nepal
Health Discussion Group
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The cheapest and widely used tool is e-mail.
To archive old mails in web based format MHonArch software is used.
To reply mails an in-house program in combination with Perl and CGI
is developed
Health Resources
To make ease of use in using Internet provision is made by providing a
collection of URLs related to health information. It is divided into three
categories:
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International Health Resources
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WHO sites
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Health Resources of Nepal
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Journals
HealthNet Nepal
Journals
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The journals include list of journals freely accessible,
institutional subscribed journals and journals published
within Nepal
For uploading journals in full text GSDL software is used.
As GSDL has not facility of combining various field as per
our need, so HNN has also developed software package
with PHP as a front end and MySql as backend.
HealthNet Nepal
Database
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List of database is broadly divided into two
categories:
 International database and
 Locally developed database
Locally Developed Databse
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Locally generated database is named as “Annotated
Health Science Bibliography of Nepal” The coverage
is 1950 to date. WWWISIS v3.0 is used for this
purpose
HealthNet Nepal
Training courses
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To make ease of use of ICT and to eliminate the
techno-phobia among health and information
professionals the training courses such as the
following are conducted:
Statistical packages such as SPSS and Epi-Info,
Digital Library, Use of PDAs in Medicine, Telemedicine
and Hospital Information System
HealthNet Nepal
Development of Software Package
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The success of ICT in health sector depends only when ICT is
used in day to day practice. In Nepal, there is a tendency of
using pirated copy of software package. Various factors such as
lowest GNP (US $200) and low computer literacy (13%) among
health professionals.
These factors has led to develop software package as a
shareware using open source software to the health community
of Nepal. To date following software are developed:
 Software package in Devnagari Script to be used in PDA for
collecting data from field site
 Telemedicine software based on store and forward principle
HealthNet Nepal
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Successful implementation of IT and its sustainability
depends upon a group of factors:
 Networking
 Access to locally generated and international
information sources
 Use of ICT in working condition to enhance
efficiency of health professionals
 Training courses.
Network of Nepal Telecom
Present Optical Fiber Backbone Network of Nepal Telecom
Network of Nepal Telecom
Present Optical Fiber Backbone:
Route Length of East-West OF Network: Approx. 900 Km (Single Mode- 24 Core fibers,
3x40/33 mm HDPE ducts laid in parallel).
Backbone capacity: STM-4 (252 E1).
SDH Equipments (Siemens): 6xSTM-16, 19xSTM-4 & 54xSTM-1.
Links 18 districts and 79 Exchanges
Far Western Region section yet to be completed (approx. 350 Km)
Member NREN
Nepal Wireless Project
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1997 started in one village (Himanchal Higher Secondary School, Nangi
village).
Introduced the Information technology to villagers, most of whom had
never seen computers until a few years ago. Most of the villagers still
have no idea as what the uses of the computers and Internet are.
Nangi village is located in north west of Nepal on the Annapurna and
Dhaulagiri ranges of the Himalayas. Reaching Nangi usually requires
two to three days of travelling from Nepal’s capital city, Kathmandu.
From Kathmandu, it is a seven hour bus ride or 35 minute plane trip to
Pokhara, the second largest city in Nepal. The elevation of Nangi village
is about 2,260 m. (7,345 ft).
Target group is the people living in the remote villages of Nepal, where
villagers have no means of modern communication means. 15 nodes
and next 11 villages (from kathmandu 90KM) to be connect by June
2007.
Nepal Wireless Project
Thank you!
[email protected]
[email protected]
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