International Symposium
“PROSPECTS FOR THE 3rd MILLENNIUM AGRICULTURE”
Veterinary Education in the Future
Marcel Wanner
Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c.
President of EAEVE
Cluj-Napoca
8 October 2009
Veterinary Education for the Future
Academic veterinary medicine is a challenge because it
must anticipate the changing needs of the society and
the profession and
veterinary education must prepare the graduates, the
future veterinarians, for what might come in the future,
not just for what can be seen now.
(Willis, 2007)
Veterinary education needs to be updated
(Vallat, 2009)
Outline
 The EC-Directive 2005/36
old-fashioned but with leeways
 Theoretical and clinical teaching
 Tracking / streaming
 Faculties with core competencies
 Final remarks
The Old Fashioned New Directive
Directive 2005/36/EC of the European Parliament and
of the Council of 7 September 2005 on the recognition
of professional qualifications
defines minimum requirements for veterinary training
(The important issues in the new Directive are copied from
the old Directives 78/1026/EEC and 78/1027/EEC)
Old-fashioned but it gives a leeway!
Exploitation of the Leeway
Directive 2005/36/EC
The programme shall include at least the following
basic subjects:
-
Physics
Chemistry
Animal biology
Plant biology
Biomathematics
These high-school subjects can
(have to) be adapted to the needs
of the veterinary curriculum
- Physics  basic principles of radiology, of motor activity
- Chemistry  part of biochemistry
- Plant biology  feed science
Organ Centered Teaching
Physiology
Anatomy
-
skeleton
skeletal muscles
heart and cardiovascular system
……
……
Organ Centered Teaching
Anatomy
Histology
Heart
Physiology
Propaedeutics
Diagnostic Imaging
Pathology
Pharmacology
Theoretical Training
Lectures
Tele-teaching
Reduction of the contact hours
Self directed learning
e-learning
Collaboration
with other faculties
Common interests
Common language
Clinical Training
The students need contact with patients
right from the start of the curriculum !
- Clinical demonstrations
- Supervised practical training
- Clinical work
- Mobile clinic
- Emergency service
- Night shift
Collaboration with other faculties,
with excellent private clinics and practitioners
Intra- and extramural clinical training
under (academic) expert supervision
Omnicompetence after 5 Years
The distribution of the theoretical and practical training
among the various groups of subjects shall be balanced
and coordinated in such a way that the knowledge and
experience may be acquired in a manner which will
enable veterinary surgeons to perform all their duties.
(Annex V, point 5.4.1
Directive 2005/36/EC)
 Omnicompetent new graduates
Omnipotent new graduates
Is this still modern and forward?
Tracking/Streaming
- Decreasing interest in farm animals
- Increasing interest in pets and horses
- Increasing impact of food hygiene
feminisation
Consequences ?
Tracking/Streaming
Farm Animal Practitioner
Tracking / Streaming
New curriculum with tracking/streaming  Master degree
- pet medicine
- horse medicine
- farm animal medicine
- food hygiene
- veterinary public health
- biomedical research ….
Advantages
- for the students: focus on the preferred intended career
- for the teachers: more interested students
- for the faculties: focus on core competencies
Farm Animal Practitioner
The specialist for the monitoring of the
whole food chain from feed to food
Faculties with Core Competencies
- Each faculty defines its core competence
- The teaching hospitals are focused on specific clinical areas
(Students choose the faculty wich is offering the favoured track)
- Faculties have to collaborate so that on the national level
all the educational tracks are available
Modern Curriculum Development
The ingredients for a modern curriculum development
- formulate, in conjunction with the profession, governmental
bodies and industry, the day-1 skills of graduates
- develop a curriculum in which healthy and diseased animals
make the central core up and integrate animal health and
welfare and public health
- develop extramural clinical training under academic
supervision
- strengthen evidenced based veterinary medicine by
interconnecting research outcomes in the curriculum
- develop objective criteria to judge the performance and
quality of teaching staff
(Cornelissen, 2009)
Final Remarks
Faculties need networks and collaboration
Academic teaching is a research based transfer of
knowledge and skills and of doubt
Veterinary training has to be focused on animals and
animal patients
Don‘t forget: Our students are critical young adults whom
we train for the future professional life as veterinary surgeons
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