Distance Education
Based on Personal Servers
Experimental Pilot Project
AS/JP1000 6.0 Elementary Modern
Standard Japanese Group 6
Norio Ota
Department of Languages, Literatures and
Linguistics
York University
Toronto, Canada
Table of Contents
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Pros & Cons or Myths
Purposes and Objectives
Climate & Environment
How to develop a course
Role of Servers
Implementation and Delivery
Instructional Materials
Model
Experimental pilot project
Feedback
Future
References
Contact
Pros & Cons or Myths
• Far and wide reaching
• Omnipresence
• Rich resources and
information
• Flexibility
• Cost saving
• Time saving
• Staff saving
• Independent and free
• Impersonal
• Undisciplined
• Information overload
and distraction
• Lack of concentration
• Less effective
• Time consuming
• Replacing staff with
computers
• Security concerns
Purposes & Objectives
• Reaching out potential • Ensuring the integrity
students in distance
of instructions and
location where courses
amount of acquisition
are not available or
and learning,
those who cannot
individualized
afford attending
instructions and
regular classes due to
feedback, and
employment or other
networking among
circumstances.
students and faculty.
Climate and Environment
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Internet
Technology
Resources
Hardware
Software
Trend
Cost
Future
How to develop a course
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Content development
Conversion of instructional materials
Seek technical support
Web based course development
Develop personal servers
Experiment on various possibilities
Feedback from students
Identify potential students and sites
Find funding
Staff training
Implement a course
Follow-up comparative evaluation
Implementation & Delivery
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Examine viability
Identify tech support personnel
Set up servers
Develop a web-based course
Seek funding
Identify potential students, sites and contact personnel
Identify teaching staff
Offer orientation and workshop
Monitor constantly
Provide individual care and attention
Factor feedback into the curricula constantly
Assess and evaluate students’ acquisition and performance
Role of Servers
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
How to develop your own servers and why
Total control, freedom and independence
Comprehensive service availability
Uninterrupted access in time and space
Instantaneous posting and modification of
instructional materials
Customization and individualization
Keeping abreast with new technology
Developing new types of materials and activities
Transportability of courses and materials
Modify materials with students’ feedback
Instructional Materials
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Develop own materials
Choose commercially available software
Post static materials on the web
Add sound and video files
Create database
Develop dynamic and interactive materials
Develop testing and evaluation procedure with
security
Model
E -D U C A TIO N
SERVERS
BUNA
L in u x
W eb P ag es
M O M IJI
L in u x
W eb P ag es
E -m al L ists
NEMU
N T 4 .0
W eb P ag es
C h at S ervice
UDO
N T 4 .0 Term in al S erver
R u n Jap an ese p rog ram s
on E n g lish W in d ows
• Lecture:
Video Conference
(once a week)
• Office Hours:
Video Cam
(designated period)
• Communication:
Chat, E-mail list
(any time)
• Oral skills:
Class instructions
(once a week)
• Testing:
In class
(scheduled time)
Experimental Pilot Project
AS/JP1000 6.0 Elementary Modern Standard Japanese
Group6
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Web-based instructional materials (text, video, audio)
Commercially available software, Kanji CD
Mixed mode: lecture (video-conference) tutorial (legacy)
E-office hours: individualized assistance (video-cam)
E-community: Net Meeting, Chat, E-mail list
Personal log: student’s self-study report
On-line group work: conversation assignments (skits)
Cultural activities by a student club
In-class testing
Feedback
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Students
Staff
Tech support
Institution
Funding
Achievement
Comparative study
Future
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Continue and modify the course
Secure servers
Increase interactivities
Develop an advanced level course
Develop different types of courses
Package each course
Train teaching and support staff
Market the product
References
• Ota, Norio (1996) ‘A Poor Man’s Server- A Key to Successful
Transition in Computerization', Proceedings of The Foreign Language
Education and Technology Conference III [FLEAT III]: Languages
Resources Cultures, University of Victoria, Victoria B.C., 1998, 293304.
• _________(1998) ‘Is computing one of the biggest threats to
academia? - bridging a gap between two subcultures’, Crossroads in
Cultural Studies International Conference, Tampere, Finland.
• New Brunswick Distance Education Inc. (2000) ‘The Design,
Development and Delivery of Internet Based Training and Education,
Industry Canada Report, Project # U5251-9-5325, The Centre for
Learning Technologies.
• Tele Education, NB (2001) ‘Learning on the Web’,
http://teleeducation.nb.ca/content/lotw2001/index0.html.
Contact
Norio Ota
Coordinator, Japanese and Computing [Languages]
Department of Languages, Literatures and Linguistics
York University
4700 Keele Street
Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3
Canada
Phone:
Fax:
E-mail:
Web:
(416)736-5016 x88750
(416)736-5483
[email protected]
http://buna.yorku.ca/
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Distance Education based on personal servers Norio Ota