Symposium: Safe, Secure,
and Sustainable Facilities
Improving Security and
Sustainability at the Pentagon
2000-2010
Ralph E. Newton
Director, Defense Facilities (Ret.)
10/4/2015
1
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What conflicts might arise from these two
attributes? Are conflicts inevitable or might we
through planning, design, construction and
occupancy practices achieve coexistence or even
integration?
SECURITY
SUSTAINABILITY
Secure and Sustainable
A Balancing Act? Maybe not.
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Discuss Pentagon experience through events
and achievements over the past decade
Present Security and Sustainability as
mutually inclusive in the Pentagon’s:
◦ Recent past
◦ Present
◦ And Future

Present personal observations and lessons
Objectives
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Security
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The new millennium
brought with it the 9/11
attacks. Significant
emphasis on Security and
Anti-terrorism changed the
management of federal
facilities.
Security Emphasis
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Current Policy reflects a focus on
Antiterrorism and Force
Protection Requirements
 Increased stand-off distance
requirements to protect against
moving or stationary vehicle
bomb threat
 Robust Construction
Requirements For New Facilities

◦ Blast resistant windows and exterior
doors
◦ Reinforced exterior doors

Utility Distribution And
Installation
◦ Interior routing of all critical/fragile
utilities
◦ Redundancy of critical facilities
◦ Emergency back-up systems
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Mass Notification Systems
Vehicle Barriers
Access Control Point Systems
Current Defense Security Policy
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Single law enforcement and security agency
A highly trained police force
A progressively more restricted site
Strictly controlled parking
Public transportation and vehicular access maintained
Delivery vehicle screening and Remote Delivery Facility
Established standoff for vehicles and uncleared pedestrians
Comprehensive access control requiring credentials
Surveillance systems
Mail screening
Chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and explosive detection
and protection systems
 Protected survivable networks
 Mass Notification Systems
 Integrated Emergency Operations Center
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Pentagon Security Actions
2000 - 2010
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 Increase Standoff
Distance to 580’
 Divert traffic from
under ceremonial
parade field
 Expand Secure
Perimeter
 Improve Reservation
traffic flow (emergency
response)
Increased Security
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Sustainability
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EO 13514 - Federal Leadership
in Environmental, Energy, and
Economic Performance
 EO 13423 - Strengthening
Federal Environmental, Energy,
and Transportation Management
(January 24, 2007)
 Energy Policy Act 2005

◦ Annual energy reduction goals
◦ Renewable energy purchase goals
◦ Reauthorizes Energy Savings
Performance Contracts
◦ ENERGY STAR or FEMP approved
products
◦ Updates Federal Green Building
Standards with emphasis on
energy efficiency and sustainable
design principles
Greening the Government
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Waste Stream Audits
20% reduction in water use
No use of CFC’s in equipment
Reused 75% of the building shell
Diverted ~50% of waste from landfills
Implemented Green Cleaning Program
Implemented Green User Education Program
No permanent irrigation used at the Pentagon
No VOC’s in adhesives & sealants and carpet – limited
VOC’s in paint
 Continuous Commissioning program implemented
 Purchased ~10% recycling content in total materials
acquired
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Pentagon Sustainability Achievements
2000 – 2010
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Wedge 2
LEED
Certified
in 2007
Remote Delivery
Facility
LEED Certified in 2005
Wedge 3
LEED
Certified in
2009
Pentagon Library
& Conference
Center
LEED SILVER
Certified in 2007
Pentagon LEED
Certifications
Metro Entrance
Facility LEED
Certified in 2003
Hazardous
Materials
LEEDTM
Affirmative
Procurement
O&M/
Cont
Cx
Pollution
Prevention
IEMS
Custodial
Services
NEPA
IEQ
Energy
Management
Solid Waste
& Recycling
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Not all relationships shown
IEMS - Program Integration
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Meet/exceed goals outlined
in EO13123 and EO13101
 Affirmative Procurement
Program (EPP/Energy Star)
 30% Greenhouse Gas Reduction
 Selection of Equipment through
LCCA
 Energy Conservation
 Water conservation
Life cycle cost analyses
 Renewable energy projects
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 Solar thermal hot water system
 Evacuated tube technology
 100 kW Photovoltaic array

Natural gas fueling station
Energy Management
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Mirrors USGBC LEED™ for Existing
Buildings program
 Areas of Functional expertise are:

 Sustainable Sites
 Water Efficiency
 Energy and Atmosphere
 Materials and Resources
 Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ)
 Innovative and Professional Credits
Integrated Environmental
Management System
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Planning
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• No overall change in number of employees;
number remains at 23,000
• No new administrative office space on the
reservation
• No change in the number or ratio of
parking spaces
• Phase the Master Plan
• Complete permanent security perimeter
around Pentagon Building
• Provide parking structures
• Consider Army Navy Drive properties as
Enhanced Use Leasing parcels in the future
PENTAGON RESERVATION
MASTER PLAN
POLICY FRAMEWORK
• Relocate Heliport
• Relocate motor pool onto reservation
• Establish sustainability criteria
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1
Site Security
•Maintain security standoff zone for
Pentagon Building
•Complete permanent secure
perimeter(s)
2
Motorpool
•Locate contiguous to H&RP within
industrial area
3
Heliport
•Relocate the heliport to a
permanent location that provides
security and meets required flight
clearances
7
3
1
4
South Parking
•Reconfigure roadways to meet
security stand-off
•Reconfigure roadways to improve
efficiency
•Concentrate parking in structured
decks
5
9/11Memorial
•Integrate memorial and gateway
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2
5
1
911
MEM.
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MOTORPOOL
4
4
4
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HRP
7
P4
PENTAGON RESERVATION MASTER PLAN
COMPREHENSIVE PLAN
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I-395
River Terrace
•Reestablish connection to the
Boundary Channel across the
relocated Route 110
Sustainability
•Enhance reservation’s
environmental sustainability
Goals
• Bring reservation into compliance
with environmental requirements
• Meet legal requirements of National
Environmental Policy Act and
Executive Order 13148 ‘Greening
of Government Through Leadership
in Environmental Management ‘
• Improve LEEDS certification status
• Minimize paved areas
• Decrease heat islands
• Improve microclimate
• Aid energy conservation
• Add green land area and roofs to
treat and retain water runoff
• Improve existing storm water
management effectiveness
• Mitigate need for adding storm
water infrastructure
• Improve visual appearance and
quality of life
PENTAGON RESERVATION MASTER PLAN
SUSTAINABILITY
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Develop the Pentagon as a Model of Security:

and Sustainability:
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Install the best systems
Incorporate the best procedures
Train and equip the best police force and security professionals
Insure compliance with regulations and exceed them
◦ Continue pursuit of LEED certification for all construction and
interiors
 Emphasize renewable energy sources
◦ Develop the Pentagon as a high performance sustainable
building
 Improve energy efficiency to obtain additional LEED points for higher
ratings/certifications
 Develop a LEED Existing Building program to focus on the policies
and operations governing the overall building
 Continue green operations
Pentagon Long-Term Strategy
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The Mark Center provides an example
of how to combine Antiterrorism
Standards with “Green” Policy
 Built to UFC Standards
 Located in the Urban Core of
Alexandria, VA
 Implements newest energyefficient systems and strategies
for utility delivery
 Consolidates Government
presence to reduce carbon
footprint
 Being built to LEED Gold
standards
BRAC 133 Project at Mark Center
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Provides an example of how to
 Being built as part of a
combine Antiterrorism
development that is
Standards with Green Policy in a
participating in the LEED
leased location
Neighborhood Design (ND)
pilot program. Developer is
looking to achieve Gold
certification.
 Building site will be a
remediated brownfield
 First ATFP compliant building in
Arlington, VA
 DARPA investigating ways to
reach Gold or Platinum LEED
certification beyond the GSA
and DoD requirement of Silver
Certification
DARPA Project in Ballston
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Security and Sustainability are not incompatible
Build your plans with the both as requirements
The strength of relationships between professionals is critical
Strong committed leadership is required
Approach solving the challenges from multiple angles
9/11 lessons

Emergencies and crises happen. Prepare, Respond, Recover, and
Mitigate. Review your strategies against lessons learned, but if
you have a good plan return to your path. If you do need to
change the plan, don’t sweat it. Retain the best and reflect on
the lesson.

People of good will with creative minds and common vision are
critical to success
◦ Give people the means get out – pathways and directions
◦ Blast windows and wall reinforcements work
◦ The Pentagon is a tough old dame
Lessons Learned
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Questions
[email protected]
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Improving Security and Sustainability at the Pentagon …