Group 6
By: Jason Taylor
And
Hunter Rees
• 30. Compare and contrast the founding
and organization of Spanish and
Portuguese colonial empires to northern
European trading empires. In your
answer be sure to include political and
military conflicts, exchange of ideas,
and the French, Dutch and English’s
impact on European overseas
expansion.
North European Trading
Empires
• Owned Dutch
East India Trading
Company
• Most colonies in
Indies
• New York was
originally theirs
until the British
took it over
Dutch
Empire
Northern European
Trading Empires
British
Empire after
French and
Indian War
• Largest Empire in the world ever
• Gained much of North America in the
French and Indian War
• Owned East India Company
French and Indian War
• Fought from 1754 to
1763
• Fought between
Britain and France
• Outcome was France
lost all power in New
World except a few
small islands
• Britain gained most
of New France
Northern European
Trading Empires
All French
Colonial
Empires
• Most settlers in the Americas were trappers
or fur traders
• Did not get along with Britain
• Helped the 13 colonies fight
Northern European
Trading Empires
World
Empires
in 1800
• Mostly in Indies and the Northern part of
North America
• Colonies more about commerce, trade,
and money
• Made it less about God and glory
Spanish and Portuguese
Empires
Spanish Empire
Portuguese Empire
• Combined had
almost all of
South America
• Focused more on
the Americas,
than the Indies
• Languages very
similar
Spanish and Portuguese
Empires
• Much crueler to
the natives(ex.
Pizzaro and
Cortez)
• Converted the
natives to
Christianity
• Made colonies
about God and
glory
Empires
combined
under
Iberian
Union
Native
being
forced into
Christianity
31. Describe the rise and
development of the modern
European political system
Athenian Democracy
• First democracy
• In Greece
• Brought about
modern democracy
• People like Socrates
and Plato were
contributors to this
Middle Ages
• Considered 400
AD to 1500 AD
• Early Middle Ages
referred to as the
Dark Ages
• Governed by
monarchy
• Used Feudal
System
Feudal System
French Revolution
• An overthrow of
the government
of France
• Many people
beheaded
• Slogan was
Liberty,Equality,
Fraternity
Renaissance
• Brought many
new ideas in art,
literature,
government, and
other things
• Reemphasized
many Greek
philosophies
Prime Minister
• Prime minister is
the head of the
government, the
queen or king is a
public figure
32. Compare the “rebirth” of European culture
during the Renaissance with the Chinese culture
of the Ming dynasty. In your answer be sure to
include the following factors: literature, art,
architecture, and the humanities.
European Literature
• In 1440 Guttenberg
invented the printing
press
• Encouraged writers
to write in
vernacular languages
• Many more people
knew how to read
Chinese Literature
• Calligraphy is the
art of writing
• More focused on
aesthetics of the
writing
• Brushes made of
animal fur
European Art
• Used linear
perspective
• Much of the art
work was
religious
• Tried to make
things more
realistic
Chinese Art
• Used lacquer and
porcelain more often
and became more
creative with it
• Pottery beautiful
• Art similar to early
periods of Chinese
history
European Architecture
• Focused of
symmetry,
proportion, and
geometry
• Columns and
arches used often
Chinese Architecture
• Shortage of wood
• Used small pieces
of timber to make
large columns
• Pagoda roofs are
not supported by
walls
European Humanities
• Changed
perspective from
things to be
practiced to
things to be
studied
Chinese Humanities
• Did not let culture
spread to outside
of China
• Very strict laws
33. What were the key events and ideas of the
Protestant Reformation, the Counter
Reformation, and Neo-Confucianism?
•
•
•
•
Began in 1517
One reformer was Martin
Luther.
The 95 thesis
After the reformation came
the Lutherans, the
Reformed/Calvinists/Presbyt
erians, and the Anabaptists.
33. What were the key events and ideas of the
Protestant Reformation, the Counter
Reformation, and Neo-Confucianism?
• Also called the Catholic Reformation
• Consisted of 5 major parts
•
•
•
•
•
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Doctrine
Ecclesiastical or structural reconfiguration
Religious orders
Spiritual movements
Political dimensions
33. What were the key events and ideas of the
Protestant Reformation, the Counter
Reformation, and Neo-Confucianism?
• Zhu Xi is the
founder of NeoConfucianism.
34. Describe the significant ideas and
philosophies of the scientific revolution.
• The scientific method
was thought of as a
way to test new
ideas.
• commonly viewed as
the foundation and
origin of modern
science.
35. What were the significant ideas and
philosophies of the Enlightenment?
• governmental consolidation
• Centralization
• primacy of the nation-state
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Group 6 - Utah Education Network