Henry VIII
Aim/Goals: Why did Henry VIII form the
Church of England?
Do Now: When it comes time for you to
become parents, which would you prefer—
a boy or a girl? Explain why you made this
choice.
Homework:
Henry VIII and the English
Reformation
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He was big and
handsome and wore
fine clothes
He loved games,
horse-riding and
hunting
He spoke four
languages, wrote
poetry and played
music
But most important to him…
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He wanted to be a
strong king, with a
firm hold on the
throne
He most wanted a
son to succeed him
Notes Continued:
1. Henry VIII was the King of England, which was a Roman Catholic country.
2. Married to Catherine of Aragon
a. wanted a male heir (somebody who receives or who has by law the right to
receive property, position, or title when another person dies.)
b. He did not get a male heir with Catherine
3. Wanted to get a divorce, but the Pope and Church would not allow him too.
Annulment: end the marriage, different from a divorce.
4. Act of Supremacy
a. Named himself the head of the Church, removing the Pope from power.
b. Created the Anglican Church
5. Married six times
a. Had a total of 11 children but only 3 lived (Mary I, Elizabeth I, and Edward)
b. The son died at a very young age and he never took the throne.
The Tudors
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The Tudors were a royal
family who ruled England
from 1485 until 1603.
The first Tudor king was
called Henry VII.
He fought another king,
Richard III, at the
Battle of Bosworth in
1485. Richard was killed,
Henry became king, and a
new period of history
began.
Henry VII
Henry VIII
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Henry VIII was king of
England from 1509 until
1547.
He was born in 1491, and
was only 17 years and 10
months old when he
became king.
Henry composed music,
which we can listen to at
http://www.brims.co.uk/tudors/henry.html
Henry VIII
Look again at this picture of Henry. How would
you describe him now? Is he still young and
handsome?
How old do
you think he
is?
How can you tell he
is an important
person?
What sort of
clothes is he
wearing?
Describe the
expression on
his face.
What is Henry trying
to tell us about
himself in this
portrait?
Do you think
that Henry
really looked
like this?
Activity:
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1.
2.
3.
4.
Read the handout on “Why did Henry VIII form the
Church of England?”
The questions were cut off, so look at this slide for the
assigned questions.
Why did Henry VIII want to break away from the
Church?
How many wives did Henry VIII have?
Explain the relationship between Henry and the
Roman Catholic Church.
Explain the relationship Henry III had with the Roman
Catholic Church.
Wife Number 1
Catherine of Aragon
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Henry married
Catherine of
Aragon in 1509.
Catherine was a
Spanish princess.
They had one
daughter, Mary,
who later became
Queen of England.
Henry divorced
What happened?
Catherine.
Mary
Catherine of Aragon
Wife Number 2
Anne Boleyn
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Next, Henry fell for
Anne Boleyn.
Henry and Anne were
married in 1533 in
secret – because
Henry hadn’t got rid
of his first wife yet!
They had a daughter,
Elizabeth, who also
later became a Queen
of England.
Henry had Anne
What happened?
beheaded.
Elizabeth
Anne Boleyn
Wife Number 3
Jane Seymour
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After getting rid of
Anne, Henry married
Jane Seymour in
1536.
Jane finally gave
Henry the son he so
wanted – Edward.
Unfortunately,
Edward died when he
was just 16.
Jane died after
Whatbirth
happened?
giving
to
Edward.
Edward
Jane Seymour
Wife Number 4
Anne of Cleves
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After Jane died, Henry
sent a painter, Holbein,
to Germany in 1540 to
paint a picture of Anne
of Cleves.
He thought she looked
very pretty, but when he
saw her he hated her!
He thought she was very
ugly, and called her the
“Flanders Mare”.
They had no children.
Henry
divorced
Anne.
What
happened?
Anne of Cleves
Wife Number 5
Catherine Howard
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Next came Catherine
Howard.
She married Henry in
1540.
They had no children,
mainly because she didn’t
like Henry and had lots
of other boyfriends!
Henry wasn’t very happy
about this, and she was
What happened?
beheaded
in 1542.
Catherine Howard
Wife Number 6
Catherine Parr
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Henry married his final
wife in 1543.
She is supposed to have
been very nice and kind,
and Henry seems to have
been quite happy with her.
They had no children, but
stayed married.
Catherine Parr outlived
HenryWhat
– hehappened?
died in 1547,
while she lived until 1548.
Catherine Parr
One king.
Six wives.
Three children.
WHY?
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Aim: Why did Henry VIII form the Church of England?