DOMESTIC VIOLENCE
Changing Landscapes
This man I married is buried deep
And the more I try to wake him, the more he sleeps
I used to think I knew this man
The tenderness, not the back of his hand
It's been two weeks since he last had a drink
But the time bombs ticking, I can never sleep
It would be easier if he did
Why do you stay here, stay with him?
Why do you do it?
Why do you treat us bad?
When you've got two kids that love you
And a wife that's missing you bad
I've got to go now
I've got to say goodbye
Don't try to stop us now
And please don't you cry
Can't you see. We've all been through it
It's all been said before
With all these fears,
For how many years can I keep coming
Back for more
No more
Must be addicted to all this pain
Cause I keep coming back for the shame
Dear god give me the strength to leave
I've got to keep going, keep going this time
Don't try to stop us now
Don't pull that stuff on me
I've got the kids all packed up
Harry's in the back with his pickup truck
Jenny's fallen asleep again
I've got to keep driving till I reach the end
I can't come back here anymore
And I know it
And I know it
I can't come back here anymore
And I know it
And I know it
THEORY
• Describe
• Explain
• Predict
What causes Domestic Violence?
• Micro oriented
– Biological explanations
– Social learning
– Communication
• Macro oriented
– Feminist/gender explanations
• Anti discriminatory movement
• Collaborative approaches
1970’s
• 2nd wave of women’s liberation movement
• First women’s refuge
• Men’s consciousness raising & personal growth groups
• Anger management for violent men
• Couple referral by family court, for counselling
• Increasing advocacy & recognition of impact of intimate
partner violence
04/10/2015
6
Social Learning – mixed results
• Two conclusions are typically drawn from
these findings: one is that abuse experiences
or witnessing of abuse increases one’s
chances of being abusive; the other is that the
majority of abused children do not go on to be
abusive. (Dutton 1989, p.37)
1980’s
• National Collective of Independent Women’s Refuges,
1981.
• Domestic Protection Act, 1982
• Criminalisation of rape within marriage (Section 28 (3)
Crimes Act, 1961)
• Coordinated approaches
• Tau iwi and Maori parallel approaches
04/10/2015
8
On feminist explanations
“Colonialism attempted to destroy kinship
patterns that were not modelled on nuclear
family structures, disrupting, in the process,
female organizations that were based on
kinship systems which allowed more power
and autonomy to women than those of the
colonizing nation. “(Carby 1997, p 51)
•
1990’s
• 1994 – review of the 1982 legislation leads to
– the inclusion of psychological abuse in the
definition of violence
– Replacement of non molestation orders with
protection orders
• Domestic Violence Act 1995
• More collaborative approaches to violence.
• Interagency responses
04/10/2015
10
2000• Te Rito Strategy 2002
• Taskforce for Action on Violence Within
Families
• Children’s Commission Act 2003
• Families Commission Act 2003
• Family Safety Teams
• Family Violence Courts
• FV intervention programme (WINZ)
04/10/2015
11
ANTI DISCRIMINATORY PRACTICE
(ADP)
• the right to self determination through the
removal of oppressive and discriminatory
obstacles, be they social, cultural, religious,
gender, age, sexuality, economic or political.
• ADP
– The totality of people’s experience
– The role of the social structural environment
– Appropriate & sensitive service regardless of
social status
ADP Practitioners are;
• Honest about their prejudices and biases
• Able to assess how they use language
• Introspective, reflexive, and reflective
• ANTI-DISCRIMINATORY PRACTICE MATTERS TO
ALL
Ideas ADP & DV
CULTURE
• All cultures are contradictory
• Belonging to a culture & having a unique
perspective
THE WORK
• Working against institutional disparities that
prohibit access for minority groups
• Collaboration – diverse voices
• Responses to DV must be generated in
communities
• Not one profession has responsibility for
solving DV
THE WORK
• Designing a programme for everyone suits noone (Bent-Goodley 2007)
• Evidenced based practice
• Cultural competence applies not only to SW
but to administration, organisation, board
membership, staffing, evaluation
Practice Approaches
• How does the practice approach you/your
agency use benefit minority populations?
• Does your service have a culturally responsive
media campaign?
Practice Approaches
• What is your (or your organisations) response
if a person says
– “Separation or divorce is not allowed in my faith”
– “Can you make me safe cos I wanna stay with
him/her.”
– “I can’t leave my family and I won’t leave my
community?”
MOVING FORWARD
• Multiple explanations have to inform multiple
responses to domestic violence work
• Diversity of our nation has to be considered in
domestic violence work - Anti discriminatory
practice can play a role here.
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FAMILY VIOLENCE