Curriculum Assessment Review Extra Credit 1. What is Globalization? Globalization is… • The worldwide integration and development extending to other or all parts of the world. • The global distribution of the production of goods and services 2. What are the advantages of globalization 3. What are the disadvantages of globalization? Advantages • Jobcreation in developing countries • Increased standard of living in developing countries. • Lower production costs. • Exchange of cultural ideas, practices, etc. Disadvantages • • • • Pollution Worker exploitation… sweat shops Loss of industrial base in developed countries. Loss of culture/customs/ languages, etc. 4. What are the three types of regions? Examples: • Formal: India • Functional: Mumbai • Perceptual: South Asia (see map below) • Formal: China • Functional: Shanghai • Perceptual: Taiwan (as a result of the perception by some that Taiwan is a part of mainland China, and by others that view Taiwan as an independent and sovereign nation) 5. What is the orographic effect? Landforms/Mountains Windward/Leeward/Rain shadow 6. What is cultural diffusion? • The spread of culture to different regions. • Examples: religion, language, foods, dress, music… 8. Why is the Shinto religion only in Japan? • Shinto is an indigenous (native) Japanese belief system, in which devotion to invisible spiritual beings and powers called kami is essential. • They worship Spirits that live in nature. • It is an animistic religion. 9. What are the four physical barriers? Physical Barriers • • • • Mountains Deserts Oceans Rainforest • All are barriers to cultural diffusion… the spread of culture. 10. What are three major physical barriers in China? Barriers in China… • Mountains • Deserts • Ocean 11. How are mountains created? • Tectonic Activity… tectonic plates slamming into each other uplifting the land… Himalayas. • Volcanic Activity… Mt. Fuji on Japan. 12. What is the Green Revolution? • "Green Revolution" is a general term that is applied to successful agricultural experiments in many developing countries and is, therefore, not exclusive to India...it was first and most successfully implemented in India. • Use higher yield seeds to use in combination with nitrogen-based fertilizers, herbicides, pesticides & irrigation to increase food production in developing countries. 13. What has been the environmental impact of the Green Revolution? Environmental impact of Agriculture • The soil, surface run-off water and ground water are contaminated with high levels of phosphorus, nitrogen, and potassium which cause serious health problems for both the animals and humans who ingest it. • The continued use of high-yield varieties of plants may lead to less agricultural biodiversity, a consequence of which could be greater crop susceptibility to parasites and disease. 14. What is the difference between a free enterprise system and a communist system? 15. What is a monsoon? 16. What causes a monsoon? • A monsoon is a season wind. • Caused by a low pressure system over India that draws in warm moist air from the water. 17. How does the monsoon affect climate? • Winter Monsoon – blows cooler, dry air from the north • Summer Monsoon – blows warm, moist air from the south (Indian Ocean) bringing significant rains to South Asia • Monsoons are highly unpredictable and can lead to too much rainfall (flooding) or too little (drought) 18. What is the IT Revolution? • Information Technology (IT) – the use of technology to move, record or process information using computers, satellites, cellphones and the Internet. • India’s economic growth is characterized by economic activity at all four levels: primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary. • Quaternary Activity – provides information, management, and research services by highly trained persons, such as scientific research and information technology (IT). 19. What is outsourcing/offshoring of jobs? • Outsourcing – the hiring of someone outside a company to do work that was once done inside the company. • When the jobs are subcontracted to a business in another country, the term is “Offshoring.” Information technology has enabled outsourcing to be both cost effective and an efficient business practice. • Many jobs that are outsourced are service related positions, including customer assistance specialists that work in massive call centers. 20. What is the HDI? Human Development Index??? • The Human Development Index (HDI) is a comparative measure of life expectancy, literacy, education, and standards of living for countries worldwide. • It is used to distinguish whether the country is a developed, a developing or an underdeveloped country, and also to measure the impact of economic policies on quality of life. 21. What is the difference between subsistence agriculture and commercial farming? • Subsistence activity is producing enough food, clothing, and shelter for you and your family. • Commercial farming is growing food to sell. 22. What type of economy does a Communist government promote? • Communist governments promote a command economic system. • Government determines production of goods and services, prices, and wages. • They control all aspects of the economy. 23. What is a common Market? Common Markets • Organizations that create economic cooperation to produce economic growth. • Ex. - North American Free Trade Agreement: NAFTA • Ex. - European Union: EU • They drop tariffs/taxes and trade freely with each other. 24. List three statistics that are used on the Human Development Index. • The Human Development Index • (HDI) is a comparative measure of • - life expectancy • - literacy rates • - education • - birth rates/death rates • - fertility rates • - standards of living for countries worldwide. 25. List three characteristics of a Less Economically Developed Country. Economic Development • • • • • • Less Economically Developed Countries Low life expectancy Low Literacy rate Little education High birth/death rates High fertility rates 26. How do ocean currents affect climate? • Warm currents make cold places warmer and bring rain • Cold currents make warm places colder and bring dry air or can create deserts. 27. How do polders change the environment? • Polders – land reclaimed from the sea… turned into farmland. 28. What is the difference between zero population growth and negative population growth? • Zero population growth: death rates and birth rates are equal. • Negative population growth – there are more deaths than births… there are more elderly than children. 29. What is urbanization? • The growth and development of cities. • Causes: • Industrial Revolution • Pull factors… jobs, education, transportation 30. What are three characteristics of a failed state? Characteristics of a Failed State 1. Inability to control its territory. 2. Provide public services. 3. Engage in diplomacy. 4. And/or implement decisions. • Most failed states are in Africa. The largest failed state was the USSR. 31. In places where water is a limited resource, what are they doing to preserve it? • Drip irrigation • Desalinization/desalination 32. What organization controls the supply and price of oil? • OPEC – Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. The End Good luck on the test!!!!