Curriculum Assessment
Review
Extra Credit
1. What is Globalization?
Globalization is…
• The worldwide integration and development
extending to other or all parts of the world.
• The global distribution of the production of
goods and services
2. What are the advantages of globalization
3. What are the disadvantages of globalization?
Advantages
• Jobcreation in developing countries
• Increased standard of living in developing
countries.
• Lower production costs.
• Exchange of cultural ideas, practices, etc.
Disadvantages
•
•
•
•
Pollution
Worker exploitation… sweat shops
Loss of industrial base in developed countries.
Loss of culture/customs/ languages, etc.
4. What are the three types of
regions?
Examples:
•
Formal: India
•
Functional: Mumbai
•
Perceptual: South Asia (see map below)
• Formal: China
• Functional: Shanghai
• Perceptual: Taiwan (as a result of the
perception by some that Taiwan is a part of
mainland China, and by others that view
Taiwan as an independent and sovereign
nation)
5. What is the orographic effect?
Landforms/Mountains
Windward/Leeward/Rain shadow
6. What is cultural diffusion?
• The spread of culture to different regions.
• Examples: religion, language, foods, dress,
music…
8. Why is the Shinto religion only in Japan?
• Shinto is an indigenous (native) Japanese
belief system, in which devotion to invisible
spiritual beings and powers called kami is
essential.
• They worship Spirits that live in nature.
• It is an animistic religion.
9. What are the four physical
barriers?
Physical Barriers
•
•
•
•
Mountains
Deserts
Oceans
Rainforest
• All are barriers to cultural diffusion… the
spread of culture.
10. What are three major physical barriers in China?
Barriers in China…
• Mountains
• Deserts
• Ocean
11. How are mountains created?
• Tectonic Activity… tectonic plates slamming
into each other uplifting the land… Himalayas.
• Volcanic Activity… Mt. Fuji on Japan.
12. What is the Green
Revolution?
• "Green Revolution" is a general term that is
applied to successful agricultural experiments in
many developing countries and is, therefore, not
exclusive to India...it was first and most
successfully implemented in India.
• Use higher yield seeds to use in combination with
nitrogen-based fertilizers, herbicides, pesticides &
irrigation to increase food production in
developing countries.
13. What has been the
environmental impact of the Green
Revolution?
Environmental impact of Agriculture
• The soil, surface run-off water and ground water
are contaminated with high levels of phosphorus,
nitrogen, and potassium which cause serious
health problems for both the animals and
humans who ingest it.
• The continued use of high-yield varieties of plants
may lead to less agricultural biodiversity, a
consequence of which could be greater crop
susceptibility to parasites and disease.
14. What is the difference between
a free enterprise system and a
communist system?
15. What is a monsoon?
16. What causes a monsoon?
• A monsoon is a season wind.
• Caused by a low pressure system over India
that draws in warm moist air from the water.
17. How does the monsoon affect
climate?
• Winter Monsoon – blows cooler, dry air from
the north
• Summer Monsoon – blows warm, moist air
from the south (Indian Ocean) bringing
significant rains to South Asia
• Monsoons are highly unpredictable and can
lead to too much rainfall (flooding) or too little
(drought)
18. What is the IT Revolution?
• Information Technology (IT) – the use of
technology to move, record or process
information using computers, satellites, cellphones and the Internet.
• India’s economic growth is characterized by
economic activity at all four levels: primary,
secondary, tertiary, and quaternary.
• Quaternary Activity – provides information,
management, and research services by highly
trained persons, such as scientific research and
information technology (IT).
19. What is
outsourcing/offshoring of jobs?
• Outsourcing – the hiring of someone outside a
company to do work that was once done inside
the company.
• When the jobs are subcontracted to a business in
another country, the term is “Offshoring.”
Information technology has enabled outsourcing
to be both cost effective and an efficient business
practice.
• Many jobs that are outsourced are service related
positions, including customer assistance
specialists that work in massive call centers.
20. What is the HDI?
Human Development Index???
• The Human Development Index (HDI) is a
comparative measure of life expectancy,
literacy, education, and standards of living for
countries worldwide.
• It is used to distinguish whether the country is
a developed, a developing or an underdeveloped country, and also to measure the
impact of economic policies on quality of life.
21. What is the difference between
subsistence agriculture and
commercial farming?
• Subsistence activity is producing enough food,
clothing, and shelter for you and your family.
• Commercial farming is growing food to sell.
22. What type of economy does a
Communist government promote?
• Communist governments promote a
command economic system.
• Government determines production of goods
and services, prices, and wages.
• They control all aspects of the economy.
23. What is a common Market?
Common Markets
• Organizations that create economic cooperation
to produce economic growth.
• Ex. - North American Free Trade Agreement:
NAFTA
• Ex. - European Union: EU
• They drop tariffs/taxes and trade freely with each
other.
24. List three statistics that are used
on the Human Development Index.
• The Human Development Index
• (HDI) is a comparative measure of
•
- life expectancy
•
- literacy rates
•
- education
•
- birth rates/death rates
•
- fertility rates
•
- standards of living for countries worldwide.
25. List three characteristics of a
Less Economically Developed
Country.
Economic Development
•
•
•
•
•
•
Less Economically Developed Countries
Low life expectancy
Low Literacy rate
Little education
High birth/death rates
High fertility rates
26. How do ocean currents affect climate?
• Warm currents make cold places warmer and
bring rain
• Cold currents make warm places colder and
bring dry air or can create deserts.
27. How do polders change the
environment?
• Polders – land reclaimed from the sea…
turned into farmland.
28. What is the difference between
zero population growth and negative
population growth?
• Zero population growth: death rates and birth
rates are equal.
• Negative population growth – there are more
deaths than births… there are more elderly
than children.
29. What is urbanization?
• The growth and development of cities.
• Causes:
• Industrial Revolution
• Pull factors… jobs, education, transportation
30. What are three
characteristics of a failed state?
Characteristics of a Failed State
1. Inability to control its territory.
2. Provide public services.
3. Engage in diplomacy.
4. And/or implement decisions.
• Most failed states are in Africa. The largest
failed state was the USSR.
31. In places where water is a
limited resource, what are they
doing to preserve it?
• Drip irrigation
• Desalinization/desalination
32. What organization controls
the supply and price of oil?
• OPEC – Organization of Petroleum Exporting
Countries.
The End
Good luck on the test!!!!
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Curriculum Assessment Review