La posesión en el español Expressing Possession in Spanish Possession in English • In English we use the contraction “ ’s ” or “ s’ ”to express that someone possesses or owns an object. ex: That is Jessica’s diamond ring. • Occasionally we will express this idea in a longer form. ex: Jessica is a friend of mine. Possession in Spanish • In Spanish there is NO CONTRACTION to express possession! • You must not use “‘S ”to express ownership of an item! • Instead you will use the word “de” and the name of the person or persons who own the item. Possession in Spanish • To say that someone or something belongs to someone or something else use the following formula: Examples: el baile de Señora Read la abuela de Ana y Pablo la idea de los niños la plaza de Madrid Mrs. Read's dance Pablo and Ana's grandmother the kids' idea Madrid's plaza • Note that you must include the definite article in front of the thing possessed. Práctica Try these phrases on your own: • Emily’s money el dinero de Emily • the students’ books los libros de los estudiantes • the class’s dog el perro de la clase • Mexico’s flag la bandera de México • Michael’s homework la tarea de Miguel Possessive Adjectives Definition: An adjective used with a noun (or less commonly, a pronoun) to indicate possession, ownership or close relationship. ex: my valentine his book Possession in English In English, these are the possessive adjectives: • My • Your • His • Her • Its • Our • Their Possession in Spanish • As we continue learning in Spanish class we will come to know all of the possessive adjectives in Spanish, but for now we will focus on two words that will help us express possession when talking about other people. Su/ sus • “Su” and “sus” can mean a lot of things in Spanish including: – – – – His Her Your (formal/ Ud.) Their Examples: – The smelly man’s sock. Su calcetín. – The supermodel’s shoes. Sus zapatos. – Your awesome Spanish class. Su clase de español asombroso. – Their mean brother. Su hermano antipático. More Examples • Paris necesita un sandwich. • Paris’s sandwich could be written as: – El sandwich de Paris. Or – Su sandwich. Agreement with Possessive Adjectives • The final thing you should know is that “su” does not depend on how many people own an item, but instead on whether what is owned is singular or plural. • Examples: Their hat. His chocolates. Su sombrero. Sus chocolates. • “It’s not who owns it, it’s what they own.” Práctica • • • • • The boy’s hat Maria’s pencils Arnold’s English Your papers Romeo and Juliette’s kiss • • • • • Su sombrero. Sus lápices. Su inglés. Sus papeles. Su beso.