Diminuatives
are
used
to
Diminuatives using
indicate smallness of
-itoyoungness
size (‘little’),
in age, or intimacy
(member of family).
Some uses may surprise
an English speaker.
Dininutive suffixes
For words ending in
vowels(except -e),
the last vowel is
dropped before the
suffix
Most words that end
in -e,-n, or -r use the
forms below.
However, onesyllable words often
use the forms below.
-ito
-ita
-cito
-cita
-ecito
-ecita
-illo
-illa
-cillo
-cilla
-ecillo
-ecilla
Note the spelling
changes
Chico
Amigo
Agua
luz
Chiquillo/chiquito
Amiguito
Aguita
lucecita
For words ending in -s
diminutive and
augmentative endings
precede the final -s.
• Carlos
• besos
• Carlitos
• besitos
Perro = dog
perrito = p
? uppy
bajo = short
Very short =bajito
?
ahora = now
Right now =ahorita
?
libro = book
Librillo,
Little book,
librito
booklet = ?
ventana =
window
ventanilla
Plane/bus
window = ?
Miguel = Mike
Mikey = M
? iguelito
campana = bell
handbell = campanilla
?
gato = cat
kitty = ?gatito
oso = bear
Bear cub =osito
?
mesa = table
Little table =mesita
?
hombre = man
Little man =hombrecillo
?
amor = love
sweetheart =amorcito
?
Carmen = Carmen
Little Carmen Carmencita
= ?
pan = bread
Roll = ?panecillo
flor = flower
Little flower =florecita
?
pez = fish
Little fish = pececito
?
chica = girl
chiquita = ?little
girl
chico = boy
Little boy = chiquillo
?
abuela = grandmother
grandma = abuelita
?
amigo = friend
Little friend =amiguito
?
agua = water
Little bit ofaguita
water = ?
luz = light
Little light =lucecita
?
abuelo = grandfather
abuelito = g
? randpa
hermano = brother
Little brother =hermanito
?
burro = donkey
Little donkeyburrito
= ?
mamá = mom
mommy = ?mamacita
mosca = fly
Little fly = ?mosquita
Diminuatives can also
be used with names of
people and places.
Sometimes these are
nicknames, sometimes
they are not.
pueblo = town
Little town = pueblecito
?
cerro = hill
Little hills =cerritos
?
City in Southern California
near Long Beach
Juana
Juanita
Pepé
Pepito
Miguel
Miguelito
Lupe
Lupita
Augmentativos
• Emphasizes size or expresses
shades of meaning like
affection, amazement, scorn, or
ridicule.
Augmentative Endings
For words ending in vowels, the final
vowel is usually dropped
-ón
-ote
-azo
-óna
-ota
-aza
Notice… There is a tendency to
change a feminine word to a
masculine one when the suffix -ón
is used, unless it referse
specifically to someone’s gender
•
•
•
•
La silla
La mancha
La mujer
Mimosa
•
•
•
•
El sillón
El manchón
La mujerona
mimosona
In some regions, double
endings are frequently used
for additional emphasis
• Chico/a
• Grande
• Chiquito/a chiquitito/a
• Grandote/a grandotote
soltero = bachelor
Confirmed solterón
bachelor = ?
grande = big
Really big = grandote
?
perro = dog
Big,scary dog =perrazo
?
casa = house
Big house casona
mansion = ?
palabra = word
Swear word =palabrota
?
manos = hands
Big hands = m
? anazas
silla = chair
armchair = ?sillón
La mujer = woman
Big woman = mujerona
?
La mancha = stain
Large stain = manchón
?
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little girl - Chittenango Central Schools