Native
American
Tribes
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Each region had different natural resources.
Each culture group used the natural
resources in its region to meet its needs.
Native Americans used natural resources
to meet their needs.
trees
water
stones
buffalo
Natural resources are things in nature that
people can use.
Great Plaines Tribes
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Arapaho Indians
Arikara Indians
Assiniboine Indians
Atsina Indians
Brule Indians
Cheyenne Indians
Chipewyan Indians
Cree Indians
Crow Indians
Dakota Indians
Hidatsa Indians
•Kainah Indians
•Mandan Indians
•Oglala Indians
•Osage Indians
•Oto Indians
•Piegan Indians
•Ponca Indians
•Quapaw Indians
•Sarsi Indians
•Siksika Indians
•Teton Indians
•Wichita Indians
•Yanktonai Indians
Great Plains Indians Homes
Buffalo were a natural resource in the Plains
region. The meat was used for food.
The skins were used for shelters and clothing.
The bones were used for tools.
Great Plains Indians Homes
• Tepees: tent-like American Indian
houses
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• Grass Houses:beehive shape and
thatched with long prairie grass
(Caddos)
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Southeast Tribes
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Cherokees
Natchez
Chickasaw
Creeks
South East Indians
• Lived about 4000 years
ago.
• Each tribe had their
own government and
languages.
• The tribes believed in
their own gods and
goddesses to guide
them through life.
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South East Indians
• Wattle & Daub Houses: made by weaving rivercane, wood,
and vines into a frame, then coating the frame with plaste
(Cherokee)
• Chickees: Huts, stilt housesick posts supporting a thatched
roof and a flat wooden platform raised several feet off the
ground. They did not have any walls (Florida )
• Earth Homes: in the ground
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South East Indians
• Produced colorful art
using their dyes.
• Made their own baskets
from natural materials.
• Used shells to make
tools and hunting
knives.
• Most known for their
beautiful beadwork.
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Northeast Indians Tribes
The group of Native American known
as the Woodland Indians is made up
of several tribes. These are some of
the major tribes.
Delaware
Wampanoag
Huron
Narraganset
Powhatan
Iroquois
Mohawk
Oneida
Onondaga
Cayuga
Seneca
Tuscarora
Dyed quills decorated
moccasins in red, blue
and violet. These are
Seneca quilled
moccasins
This is a picture
of the traditional
dress of men in
many of the
Eastern
Woodland tribes.
Food
Corn, beans, and squash were
the most important crops
planted. They were know as
“The Three Sisters” as they
were also grown together.
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North East Homes
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• Wigwams-woven mats and sheets of
birchbark (Algonquian)
• Longhouse: Longhouses could be 150
feet long, 20 feet wide, and 20 feet high
(Iroquois)
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Iroquois Confederacy
• Political alliance formed by five language
related tribes in the Northeastern Woodlands
• Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga,
Seneca
• Alliance formed to ensure protection of tribal
lands
• U.S. uses similar ideas when creating its own
government
Southwest
• Hohokam, Anasazi, Hopi, Navaho
• Harsher environment - dry desert
• Farmers - used irrigation to grow corn,
beans, and squash - The Three Sisters
• Excellent builders - pueblos and cliff
dwellings
Southwest Indians
• Adobe Houses:multi-story houses made
of adobe (clay and straw baked into
hard bricks
• Hopi, Pueblo, Adobe
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Cliff Palace
Mesa Verde
Kiva
Underground ceremonial chambers
The Pacific Northwest
Pacific Northwest
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Kwakiutl, Nootka, Haida
Abundant environment - sea and forest
Whale hunters
Wealth leads to social classes
Potlatch - giving away ceremony to
show wealth
The Northwest Coast region had many
forests. The Native Americans in this
region used wood from the forests
to carve tall totem poles.
The carvings on each totem pole told
about a family’s history.
Indians from the Northwest Coast hunted
sea animals in the Pacific Ocean.
There were many salmon in the
rivers for them to eat.
They also hunted animals in nearby forests.
North West Indians
• Plank Houses: Flat planks of cedar
wood
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Inuits
(Eskimo):
Lived in
Tundra
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Winter
Seal
Hunting
Inuit Fur Clothing
Travel
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Inuit Diet
Primary Foods:
Seal
Caribou
Whale
Walrus
Fish
Birds
All are high in protein and fat
Artic Homes
• Igloos: Blocks made of ice
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California
• Encompasses the western states.
• The Pomo, an Indian tribe, crafted beautiful
baskets of all different sizes and for all
different occasions.
• Lived in communities numbering up to 2,000
• More than 100 languages flourished in
California before European contact; most are
gone today.
Great Basin
• From the Rockies to the Sierra Nevada mountain
ranges. Largely consisting of desert.
• Water & food was hard to come by, too dry for
farming- few animals to hunt. Gathered nuts and
seeds.
• Tribes had to stay on the move, most natives had a
routine route they traveled every year. Because they
were always moving their dwellings were mostly
temporary.
• California and Intermountain regions used shells as
currency.
Plateau
• Eastern Oregon and Washington, southern Alberta
and British Columbia, northern Idaho and western
Montana.
• Hot summers and long cold winters.
• Pattern of life similar to Great Basin peoples but was
enhanced by annual runs of salmon up the Columbia
River.
• People lived in villages made of partly sunken circular
dwellings in the cold months and camped in grass
mat houses in the warm months
Work Cited
• http://www.nativelanguages.org/houses.htm
• http://www.davemcgary.com/images/dav
e-mcary-expressions-in-bronze/northamerican-tribal-map.jpg
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