INDIA
Mera Bharath Mahaan
The subcontinent of India lies in south Asia, between Pakistan,
China and Nepal. To the north it is bordered by the world's highest
mountain chain, where foothill valleys cover the northernmost of
the country's 26 states. Further south, plateaus, tropical rain forests
and sandy deserts are bordered by palm fringed beaches .
 5,000 year old civilization
 325 languages spoken – 1,652 dialects
 18 official languages
 29 states, 5 union territories
 3.28 million sq. kilometers - Area
 7,516 kilometers - Coastline
 1,000,000,000 people in 2000
 Parliamentary form of Government
 Secular democratic constitution
 Worlds largest democracy since 55 years
 4th largest economy
 Fastest growing IT super power
 Indian Railways ,the biggest employer in the world.
HISTORY
• India's history goes back to 3,200 BC when
Hinduism was first founded. Buddhism,
Jainism, Sikhism. Judaism. Zoroashtrianism,
Christianity and Islam all exist within the
country today.
THE TRINITY
GeneratesBrahma
Observes-Vishnu
Destroys-Shiva
The Great Indian Epics
Ramayana
The first Indian epic
Mahabharata
Longest Epic in world
literature with 100,000
two-line stanzas
Indus Valley Civilization- one of the world’s
first great urban civilizations.
Harappa Civilization- 2700BC
World’s first university in Takshila –700 B.C
Ayurveda- earliest school of medicine known to humans
Sanskrit Language –most suitable for computer
software
Yoga- Made in India
•
Origin –5000 BC
Documented by
200 BC – 300 AD
Origin of Martial arts – 200 BC
Kalarippayat
• 1700’s BRITISH INVASION
15th August , 1947
Indian Independence
26th January , 1950
Republic- India
National Emblem
“Truth alone triumphs”
NATIONAL ANIMAL
National Bird - Peacock
•
National Flower - Lotus
Great Indian Personalities
Aryabhatta
Invented the Zero
Mahatma Gandhi
Father of the nation
Embodiment of Non- Violence
Swami Vivekananda
Champion of humanitarianism
Ramanujam
Great Indian Mathematician
Postulated and proved 3,542 theorems
Rabindranath Tagore
1913 – Nobel Prize in Literature
C.V Raman
1930 - Nobel Laureate in Physics
Work on scattering of light and Raman effect
Mother Teresa
1979 – Nobel Prize in Peace
Har Gobind Khorana
1968 - Nobel Laureate in Medicine
Work on interpretation of the genetic code
Subramanyan Chandrasekhar
1983 - Nobel Laureate in Physics
Work on structure and evolution of stars
DANCE FORMS
45 folk dances
7 Classical Dance forms
7 Classical Dance forms
Bharata Natyam
Kathak
Kathakali
Kuchipudi
Manipuri
Mohini Attam
Odissi
More than 15 vocal forms
More than 60 music instruments
India - God’s own country
Celebrates more than 65 festivals
Places of historic importance
Tirumala - Tirupati
World’s richest temple
Saint Thomas Cathedral
Statue of Virgin Mary brought from Portugal in 1543
The Golden Temple
Jamma Masjid
The biggest mosque in India
Thousand pillar temple
Gateway of India
Jantar Mantar – 1716
Modernistic structures to observe the movement of stars
Mysore Palace
Illuminated by 97,000 light bulbs
Buddha Statue
Largest monolithic statue in Asia
Dal Lake
Jewel in the crown of Kashmir
The Taj Mahal
Calcutta – City of joy
Cherrapunji
Wettest place on earth
India is,the cradle of the human race,the birthplace of human
speech, the mother of history,the grandmother of legend, and
the great grand mother of tradition.Our most valuable and
most instructive materials in the history of man are treasured
up in India only.
-Mark Twain
We owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us how to count,
without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have
been made.
-Albert Einstein
Jai Hind
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INDIA