Christianity
Review of religions
I.
Hinduism
Hinduism, the world’s third
largest religion, is one of the
oldest religions.
A. Many gods
B. Brahman “Universal
“Spirit
C. Karma
D. Reincarnation
II. Buddhism
A. Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha)
B. Nirvana
C. A way of life or philosophy
D. The 4 Noble Truths
E. Buddha viewed as god by
some; some not.
III. Judaism
A. Belief in one God
B. Religion of the Israelites
C. The Ten Commandments
D. Old Testament of the Bible
I. The Jews and the Romans
A. Jerusalem was the capital of the
kingdom of Israel.
B. Israel, like other nations, was
taken over by Rome and was
part of the Roman Empire.
C. The Zealots were Jews who
rebelled against the Romans in
A.D. 66 to take back their
kingdom. The Zealots were
defeated, and the temple was
destroyed.
D. The Jews rebelled again in
A.D. 132 and were defeated
again. In retaliation, the
Romans forced the Jews to
leave Jerusalem and banned
them from ever returning.
What happened to the Jews after
they were banished from
Jerusalem?
The Jews settled in many far-off
places, such as Spain and
central Asia. However, they still
kept their religion alive.
II. Christianity
A. Christianity is the world’s
largest religion.
Christianity-Red/Islam-Green
B. Christianity is based
off the teachings of
Jesus Christ, a Jew who
lived about 2000 years
ago in what we now call
Israel. Jesus taught his
followers to "Do unto
others as you would have
them do unto you."
C. The Jews were looking for a
messiah, or deliverer to restore
their kingdom.
D. Some viewed Jesus as this
“messiah.” Some did not.
E. Jesus used parables to give his
messages. Parables are stories
that use events from everyday
life to express spiritual ideas.
1. The Prodigal Son
2. The Good Samaritan
F. Leaders in Jerusalem charged
Jesus with treason and
crucified him.
G. Jesus’ followers
believed in Jesus’
resurrection, or
rising from the
dead. This belief
led to the start of
the religion,
Christianity.
H. Some years after Jesus died,
Christians combined the stories
of the life and wisdom of Jesus
into four books known as the
Gospels. (Matthew, Mark, Luke,
and John) Gospel means “good
news.”
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The holy book of Christianity is known
as the Bible and has two parts. The Old
Testament consists of the sacred
writings of the Jewish people, and was
written mostly in Hebrew long before
Jesus. The New Testament of the Bible
includes the Gospels, along with
letters by Christian writers. The Bible
has been translated into more than
1,500 languages and has been read by
more people than any other book.
III. Early Christians
A. Christians believed
differently than Jews.
Christians believed and still
believe that Jesus is the Son of
God who came to save people.
They also believe people can
gain salvation, or be saved from
sin and allowed to enter
heaven, by accepting Jesus.
B. Many Christians believe in the
Trinity, or one God who exists in
three persons: Father, Son, and
Holy Spirit.
C. Life was not easy for early
Christians. Roman officials felt
threatened by Christians and
began to persecute, or mistreat,
them in A.D. 64.
D. Many Christians became
martyrs, people who are willing
to die rather than give up their
beliefs.
E. Nero even accused the
Christians of starting the fire
that burned much of Rome.
Christianity was illegal for a
time in Rome, and many
Christians were killed.
F. Even though they continued to
face persecution, Christians
continued to spread their
message of hope to the world.
Finally, in 312 A.D., the Roman
emperor Constantine accepted
Christianity.
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Christianity - Crest Ridge