EXOTIC
PLACES
ANTHROPOLOGY
FRANZ BOAS
1858-1942
Born in
Germany
Father
Of
Anthropology
 Anthropology
derived from two
Greek words:
Anthropos = man
Logos
= word or account
–This science focuses on the
physical and cultural
development of mankind.
SOME DATING METHODS USED BY
ANTHROPOLOGISTS
Written records---------------------5,000
yrs.
Inscriptions on temple walls, tablets, etc.
 Tree ring dating --------------------9,000
yrs.
Used on wooden objects
 Magnetic dating ------------------10,000
yrs.
Used on baked clay/mud
from lakes
 Carbon 14 dating -----------------60,000
yrs.
Radioactivity given off by
carbon 14 atoms, older objects less
radioactive-used on organic remains

 Thermoluminescence
--60,000 yrs.
energy from breakdown elements-used
on pottery
 Fission-track dating---10 million yrs.
 tracks made by radioactive elements as
they break down-used on rocks, pottery,
and glass
 Potassium-Argon dating 10 million yrs.
measures the amount of these elements
in volcanic rocks. Older rocks have less
potassium and more argon.
SCIENCE AND RELIGION
 SCIENCE
ASKS THE QUESTIONS :
WHEN, WHAT AND HOW?
When did man develop?
What did he do? Where did he go?
How did he develop?
Relgion
asks the questions
relating to why?
Why are we here?
Why did we develop to be who we
are?
Physical Anthropology
 Human
Paleontology-the study of
the emergence of humans and
their later evolution.
Sites need to be
Excavated with
Great care
To avoid damaging
The remains
Current research suggests
Development of mankind more
related to Species branching out
rather Than in a linear
progression
Homo habilis-2.5-1.5 million years ago
Believed to be the first tool maker
Found in Olduvai
Gorge, Tanzania
Homo erectus -1.7 million-200,000 yrs.
Ago- lived in Europe, Africa, China, Java.
Believed to be the first to use fire to keep
warm and cook.
Homo sapien sapien-200,000 years
ago until present
Made objects of symbolic purposes and
took part in ceremonial activities
Oldest fossil found in
Ethiopia (160,000
yrs. old)
HUMAN VARIATION
 Studies
how and why current human
populations vary biologically.
 Advances in genetics have enabled
anthropologists to understand more
about variation in humans.

HUMAN VARIATION
CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY
 ARCHAELOGY
– study of past
cultures through material remains
 ETHNOLOGY
– study of how and why
recent cultures are similar and how
and why they are different
 LINGUISTICS
–study of languages
 Archeology-
cultures
study of past
This
ARCHEOLOGICAL
SITE has over
7,000 TERRACOTTA
SOLDIERS, horses,
And chariots
which Were FOUND
BURIED AT XIAN,
china
From Qin dynasty
(211-206 B.C.)
Discovered in 1974
KINGDOM OF AXUM, ETHIOPIA
Church of st. mary of zion
Alleged home of the arc of the
covenant
 The
ETHNOLOGY
branch of anthropology that
studies the similarities and
differences of current or recent
societies or language groups
Ethnology
Achuar people
from the
Ecuadorian
Amazon
Indigenous
people
Ethnography
 The
branch of anthropology that
deals with specific cultures
especially those of non-literate
groups
LINGUISTICS
 Around
5,0007,000 spoken
languages in
the world.
 Many are
becoming
extinct.
Country with the most living
languages
indonesia
694 living languages
Papua New Guinea
673 languages
Spoken in country
of 5 million
LIVING LANGUAGES IN U.S.?
165
LIVING
LANGUAGES
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