Above Average
Ability
Gifted
Behavior
Creativity
Task Commitment
Characteristics of Above
Average Ability
• Above Average Ability (General)
• high levels of abstract thought
• adaptation to novel situations
• rapid and accurate
retrieval of
information
Characteristics of Above
Average Ability
• Above Average Ability (specific)
• applications of general abilities to
specific area of knowledge
• capacity to sort out relevant from
irrelevant information
• capacity to acquire and use
advanced knowledge and
strategies while pursuing a problem
Characteristics of Creativity
• fluency, flexibility, and
originality
of thought
• open to new
experiences and
ideas
• curious
• willing to take risks
• sensitive to aesthetic
characteristics
Characteristics
of
Task Commitment
• capacity for high levels of interest,
enthusiasm
• hard work and determination in a
particular area
• self-confidence and drive to achieve
• ability to identify significant problems
within an area of study
• setting high standards for one’s work
Clark’s “Differentiating
Characteristics
of Gifted Students”
Cognitive (Thinking) Characteristics
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Retention of large quantities of information
Advanced comprehension
Varied interests and high curiosity
High level of language development and verbal ability
Unusual capacity for processing information
Flexible thought processes
Accelerated pace of thought processes
Comprehensive synthesis of ideas
Early ability to delay closure
Ability to see unusual relationships
Ability to generate original ideas and solutions
Capacity to integrate ideas and disciplines
Early differential patterns for thought processing
Early ability to use and form conceptual frameworks
Evaluative approach towards self and others
Unusual intensity
Persistent and goal-directed behavior
Clark’s “Differentiating
Characteristics
of Gifted Students”
Affective (Feeling) Characteristics
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Large accumulation of information about emotions
Unusual sensitivity to the feelings of others
Keen sense of humor
Heightened self awareness, feelings of being
different
Idealism and sense of justice
Inner locus of control
Unusual emotional depth and intensity
High expectations of self/others
Perfectionism
Strong need for consistency between values/actions
Advanced levels of moral judgment
Clark’s “Differentiating
Characteristics
of Gifted Students”
Physical (Sensation)
Characteristics
• Heightened sensory awareness
• Unusual discrepancy between physical and
intellectual development
• Low tolerance for lag between their
standards and their athletic skills
Clark’s “Differentiating
Characteristics
of Gifted Students”
Intuitive Characteristics
• Early involvement and concern for intuitive
knowing
• Open to intuitive experiences
• Creativity apparent in all areas of endeavor
• Ability to predict
• Interest in future
Clark’s “Differentiating
Characteristics
of Gifted Students”
Societal Characteristics
• Strongly motivated by selfactualization needs
• Advanced capacity for
conceptualizing and solving societal
problems
• Leadership
• Involvement
with the
meta-needs of
society
(i.e., justice,
truth, beauty)
Common Attributes of
Giftedness
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motivation
communication skills
well-developed memory
insight
imagination/creativity
advanced ability to deal with symbol systems
advanced interests
problem-solving ability
inquiry
reasoning
sense of humor
(Frasier & Passow, 1994)
Social and Emotional Characteristics of
Gifted Children Which
May Pose Challenges
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perceptiveness
high involvement and preoccupation; need to understand
heightened sensitivity
perfectionism
uneven integration of intellectual abilities
emotional intensity
feelings and early awareness of being different
asynchronous development of physical, intellectual, social, emotional
aspects
anxiety caused by advanced knowledge
early adolescence (some children, especially highly gifted, may skip the
latency stage of development)
need for mental stimulation
excitability and overexcitability
need for precision
tendency toward introversion
Positive Characteristics
of Creativity
• aware of their own
creativeness
• original
• independent
• willing to take risks
• energetic
• curious
• keen sense of humor
• attracted to
complexity and
novelty
• artistic
• open-minded
• need for privacy,
alone time
• perceptive
Negative Characteristics of
Creativity
• questioning rules
and authority
• stubbornness
• low interest in
details
• forgetfulness
• carelessness and
disorganization with
unimportant matters
• absentmindedness
• indifference to
common
conventions
• tendency to be
emotional
Characteristics of Gifted Students with Learning Disabilities
Characteristics Which Hamper Identification as Gifted
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Frustration with inability to master certain academic skill
Learned helplessness
General lack of motivation
Disruptive classroom behavior
Perfectionism
Supersensitivity
Failure to complete assignments
Lack of organizational skills
Demonstration of poor listening and concentration skills
Deficiencies
Low self-esteem
Unrealistic self-expectations
Absence of social skills with some peers
Characteristics of Gifted Students with Learning Disabilities
Characteristic Strengths
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Advanced vocabulary use
Exceptional analytic abilities
High levels of creativity
Advanced problem solving skills
Good memory
Task commitment
Spatial abilities
Ability to think of divergent ideas and solutions
Specific aptitude (artistic, musical, or mechanical)
Wide variety of interests
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Characteristics of above average ability