APPROACH TO THE ROLL OF THE SERPENT IN THE
THRACIAN CULTS (I MILLENIUM BC.) -
.
Dra. Ana Mª Vázquez Hoys
Grateful and
Precisions
.No feminist
No difusonist
2.My research: Snake cult in
1.Ancient mediterranean cults
2.Mesopotamia
3.Egypt
4.Prerroman Iberia/Roman Spain
5.Grecian cults or imagens
3.THRACE
Importance of
European/Thracian areas, origin
of many
Scrips and cults
Gradesnica, Dispilio, VinCa,
Sitovo
4.Thracian cults
Mother-Goddess-Serpent -Earth-Paredro-Nenkovo,
Bulgaria), Letnitsa treasure
5.Traditional Theories
Oriental origin of our
mediterranean culture
Egyptian hieroglyphs ,cuneiform scrip, phoenician alphabet
6.New Theories: Ancient scripts : Unity from Neolithic
Power of peoples of limits: Thrace and Iberia:
Huelva Script from Megalithic times
Paleolithic signs
7. Possible origin in Thrace of many cults
in relation with Great Neolithic Goddess of fertility
and eternal life and its paredroi , relationed with the
serpent
(Rogozen, Mogilanska)
Dionisos-Sabazio,OrpheusThracian Horseman
8. Orpheus and Euridyce
Dead of Eurídice (1636/37)
Erasmus Quellinus
Museo del Prado
Orfeo in wall painter of Pompeya house
.
: Kadmos and the dragon
Side B: Pan, bust of Hermes, young Satyr
9 OPOSITION BETWEEN
DEITIES
Earth -Moon
Sun
10. BENDIS
Cthonic Goddess:
Inmortality
Moon
Snake
11. DIONISIO-ZAGREUS
Son of Semele and a Snake God/Zeus
12. Opposition from Neolithic to historical
times serpent<--> sun
Votive relief from Galene. It represents
a Thracian horseman-hero and bears
an inscription with his name: "Jason".
Dated to the 1st century B.C.
Neolithic snake Goddess
13. Hypothesis/Conclusions
1.Snake important autochthonous goddess ?
2. Earthian power of Neolithical Great Goddess ?
Fertilty-life and death
3. Opposition Pre-indoeuropean –Indoeuropean cultures
symbols ?
The Great and eternal ennemy ?
14. Ex Occidente Lux
The Phoenicians
came to the West to
recover the lost
market of
metales(copper) in
the I millenium
Riotinto,
Rodalquilar,
Cástulo, Almadén,
Sierra Almagrera
The mining wealth of
the Iberian
Peninsula justifies
its importance from
the Calcolítico
15.FINALLY
I believe that the cults to
the serpent in Greece
and Rome are a
pervivencia of the
preindeuropeans cults, of
which Thracian was the
origin.
And that the importance
of these cults related to
serpents in Thracia and
Iberia agrees in indicating
zones of much wealth
16.HYPOTHESIS FINAL
The serpent was in the ancient world , in
meny places, also in Thrace , in addition to all
the this (fertility, fecundity, eternal life in
relation with a Great Goddes) one nails
wealth indicator
HERAKLES &Hesperides Garden
Alexander & son of serpent
Cistophoroi: Coin &serpent: To Nº 1, please
And one independent and very important
deity wo remains
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