Welcome! EUROPEAN VALUES EDUCATION - EVE Me, we and the other Europeans Fontys University of Applied Sciences Tilburg/NL Who we are Students of Fontys University of Applied Sciences Insert: name of students and photos What is it about? 3 lessons as a part of the exchange between Cambreur College/NL, Gymnasium Lünen-Altlünen/D and Gymnázium Kolín/CZ exploring our personal, national and European identity in a nutshell What is the context? 1970ies: initiative from the universities of Tilburg & Leuven exploring the values of Europeans by asking questions about their opinions, attitudes, convictions about topics such as: Europe, politics, religion, society, family, work, etc. Random samples: 1500 respondents of 18 years or older Identical (translated) questionnaires – 37 languages (CEPS/INSTEAD ) What is the context? 1981: EC countries + 1990: EU + Eastern Europe + 1999/2000: EU + Eastern Europe + 2008-10 4th wave! = 47 countries How will it be organized? 3 lessons with discussions about: - Upbringing, to explore our personal values - Love and Relationship, to explore personal and cultural differences - Controversial Issues, to discuss a possible European dimension What is identity? Why do we need identity? Concept of identity & culture How do we learn culture or values? By Geert Hofstede (2005) Diamond ranking: upbringing obedience religious faith learning how to save money hard work tolerance imagination good manners independence responsibility Diamond ranking: upbringing values What struck you when you discussed your diamond about upbringing? Where did you discover diffrences and where similarities in your group? How could you explain these differences and similarities? Do upbringing values change? How could you explain differences and similarities between different countries (averages)? Theory: upbringing values “hard work”, “obedience” and “religious faith” more traditional upbringing values (e.g. demanded by (religious) authorities, or necessary to survive) “ tolerance”, “imagination”, “independance” more postmodern upbringing values (e.g. necessary to survive in an individualising world in high income countries) Checking the theory Do you see a correlation between the following maps? Checking the theory Do you see a correlation between the following maps? Checking the theory Do you see a correlation between the following maps? Checking the theory Do you see a correlation between the following maps? Checking the theory Do you see a correlation between the following maps? Lesson outcome We learn (some) values from our upbringing. (Upbringing) Values differ between persons, groups, cultures and countries. (Diversity) There are several factors which have an influence on the diversity of values, like income, being religious, age etc. (Upbringing) Values are changing. Theories can (only) partly explain diversity between people of different countries.