EPA
Dienststelle
Wien
Patent Protection in Europe
Arnold Heigl
Head of Postgrant
Co-operation Programmes and
INPADOC
2004030330
European Patent Office
Seminar Industrial Property Protection
Prague, 2 June 2004
Topics of this presentation
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
20040330
Introduction to the EPO
General issues
Filing
Search and examination
Granting
Opposition
Appeal
Summary
The European Patent Organisation
20040330
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
Further countries to join
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
Lithuania
Malta
Iceland
20040330
Latvia
Norway
20040330
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
DG1
Search, examination and administration of
search documentation
DG2
Search, examination
and opposition
DG3
Boards of appeal
20040330
DG4
General administration,
finance, language service
personnel
Patent information
DG5
Patent law, international
affairs, PR, technical
co-operation
The EPO’s Mission
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
To examine patent
applications
To grant patents
20040330
To publish and disseminate
patent information
EPA
Dienststelle
Wien
Applications 1995 to 2003
175 000
150 000
125 000
100 000
75 000
50 000
25 000
0
2004030330
1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Seminar Industrial Property Protection
Prague, 2 June 2004
Published Patents
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
75 000
60 000
45 000
30 000
15 000
0
20040330
1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
Topics of this presentation
20040330
Introduction to the EPO
General issues
Filing
Search and examination
Granting
Opposition
Appeal
Summary
What is a patent?
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
20040330
A patent is a legal title granting its holder
the exclusive right to make use of an
invention for a limited area and time by
stopping others from, among other
things, making, using or selling it without
authorisation.
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
National procedures
Invention
CZ-Patent
Application
AT-Patent
Application
SE- Patent
20040330
Application
European procedure (EP)
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
Invention
up to 28
national
patents
Application
EPO
Grant
20040330
European phase
National Phase
International procedure (PCT)
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
Invention
Application
20040330
search and optional
preliminary examination,
no patent grant as such,
entering the regional or national
phase with 30 months delay
after first filing
180
member
states
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
Topics of this presentation
20040330
Introduction to the EPO
General issues
Filing
Search and examination
Granting
Opposition
Appeal
Summary
Filing the application
20040330
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
Who can
file?
Any natural or legal person, joint
applicants
Where to
file?
at EPO premises in Munich, The
Hague and Berlin
at the central industrial property
office or other competent
authorities in that Contracting
State (depending on the national
law)
20040330
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
Filing the application
For which
countries?
In countries where the EPC
has entered into force = the
contracting (designating)
states
In which
language?
In one of the official
languages (English,
French, German)
Filing the application
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
20040330
Items to
file
Request for grant of a European
patent
Description of the invention
Claim(s)
Drawing(s) referred to the
description or the claims
Abstract
Claim to priority
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
Filing the application
20040330
Claim to Priority may be claimed for a
priority European patent application by
a person who in 12 month prior
to the filing of the European
application has filed an
application of a patent or
registration of a utility model in
respect of the same invention in
a state which is party of the
Paris Convention for the
Protection of Industrial Property
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
Filing the application
20040330
Requirements concerning the presentation of the
invention
Disclosure of the invention
Unity of invention
Description:
indication of technical field of the invention
background state of the art
definition of the technical problem and its
solution
description of the figures
description of the way to carry out the invention
indication of industrial application
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
Filing the application
20040330
Requirements concerning the
presentation of the invention
Claims:
define the matter of
protection
usually comprises two
parts, the prior art
portion and
the characterising
portion
Drawings: must correspond
to description and claims
Abstract: summary of the
invention for technical
information purposes
Online filing
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
 Online filing of EP and PCT
20040330
applications
 online filing functionality via
epoline®
 Fee reduction for online filed
applications as of 1 April 2004
(€125 to €90)
EPA
Dienststelle
Wien
2004030330
Further detailed
information via the EPO
website
www.epo.org
Seminar Industrial Property Protection
Prague, 2 June 2004
20040330
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
Topics of this presentation
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
20040330
Introduction to the EPO
General issues
Filing
Search and examination
Granting
Opposition
Appeal
Summary
Search and examination
20040330
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
Examination on filing by the Receiving
Section
indication that a European patent is
sought
designation of at least one contracting
state
definition of an applicant
description and at least one claim
payment of filing and search fees
Formalities examination
check of compliance with requirements
concerning the items to file
Search and examination
20040330
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
Search
on basis of the claims
search tools:
electronic databases (e.g. DOC d.b)
paper collection, systematically filed
according to the ECLA, containing PCT
minimum documentation
non-patent literature
search report
published together with the publication of the
application 18 months after the priority
application
or
published separately
20040330
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
Search and examination
Code letters in the search report
indicating:
X particularly relevant document which, taken
by itself destroys the novelty or inventive step
of the subject-matter claimed
Y particularly relevant document which, taken
together with one or more other „Y“
documents, indicates that the subject-matter
claimed does not involve an inventive step
20040330
A document gives information about the state
of the art
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
Search and examination
20040330
Substantive examination
upon request for examination in written form
after payment of the examination fee
in the light of the search report, the EPO
examines if the inventions is patentable and
meets the requirements of the European
Patent Convention (EPC)
Topics of this presentation
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
20040330
Introduction to the EPO
General issues
Filing
Search and examination
Granting
Opposition
Appeal
Summary
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
Granting
20040330
For an invention to be patentable it must be:
Novel (no prior disclosure or use)
EPC Art. 54
Inventive (not obvious to one skilled in the art)
EPC Art. 56
Industrially applicable
EPC Art. 57
Granting
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
20040330
Not regarded as inventions:
Discoveries, scientific theories and
mathematical methods
Aesthetic creations
Schemes, rules and methods for
performing mental acts, playing games
or doing business, and programs for
computers
Presentations of information
Treatment of human or animal body by
surgery or therapy
Plant and animal varieties
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
Granting
20040330
Novelty
Has the claimed invention been disclosed,
used, exhibited before? If not it is NOVEL
Examiners use documentation and
computer searches to decide on novelty.
Granting
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
20040330
Inventiveness
Does the claimed invention comprise an
inventive step, attributes which are not
obvious to someone skilled in the art?
Test: can elements of the claimed
invention be found in 2 prior art
documents?
If yes then the claimed invention is not
inventive.
Granting
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
Industrial Applicability
20040330
An invention shall be
considered as susceptible of
industrial application if it can be
made or used in any kind of
industry, including agriculture
Difficult to assess
Granting
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
65% Patents granted
6.2 % opposed
10% Withdrawn after
search report
20040330
25% rejected or withdrawn
during examination
Topics of this presentation
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
20040330
Introduction to the EPO
General issues
Filing
Search and examination
Granting
Opposition
Appeal
Summary
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
Opposition
20040330
Any person (public)
Opposition period: nine months after mention of
publication of grant
Reasoned statement (grounds)
In written (opposition form) with facts and
evidence
Payment of opposition fees
Substantive examination of the opposition by the
opposition division
Oral proceedings
Decision of the opposition division
Topics of this presentation
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
20040330
Introduction to the EPO
General issues
Filing
Search and examination
Granting
Opposition
Appeal
Summary
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
Appeal
20040330
Anyone adversely affected by a decision of
the EPO may file an appeal to the Board of
Appeal
time limit two months after the date of
notification of the respective decision
written statement (grounds)
last instance
case law
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
Topics of this presentation
20040330
Introduction to the EPO
General issues
Filing
Search and examination
Granting
Opposition
Appeal
Summary
Fees
20040330
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
Application fee online filing
Application fee Paper filing
Search fee
Designation fee
per country, maximum 7 times
Examination fee
Fee for grant
Annual fee 3+4 year
Total up to grant
€ 90
€ 125
€ 690
€ 75
Opposition fee
Fee for appeal
€ 610
€ 1020
€ 1430
€ 715
€ 785
€ 4270
European
The EPO
subPatentinOffice
office
Vienna
20040330
13%
Overview of the patent procedure at the EPO
Application
12 months
Further or
former applications
(Priority)
Formalities
Search
Request for
Examination
after
18 months
Publication,
Search Report
Info
max. 6 Months
after search report
Examination
Reject
Max. life time: 20 years
Applicant
EPO
Third Parties
Info
Grant
Patent
within
9 months
national Phase
Translations
Opposition
EPA
Dienststelle
Wien
Thank you
for your attention
2004030330
Questions
Seminar Industrial Property Protection
Prague, 2 June 2004
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