ICT as a scaffolding for the study
of Literature
S.NACKEERAN
SCHOOL OF LANGUAGE AND LINGUISTIC STUDIES
FACULTY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES AND HUMANITIES
NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF MALAYSIA
Some Background Information
English language and literature in
Malaysian Schools
 Literature lost its significance in the 80’s
 Literature as an elective
 Literature as a component of the English
Language Program
 Literature in the tertiary institutions

Current Scenario
Literature is taught as an important
component of ELS and TESL programs
 Very few students apply to do this
programs
 Fewer still are from Literature
Background
 Most students are very weak in English

Problems
Poor proficiency
 No motivation
 Limited contact hours
 Inadequate resources
 No study skills
 Very teacher dependent students

ICT can address many of the problems
mentioned earlier
 ICT is revolutionizing education systems
 Malaysian IT agenda (MSC etc)
 The focus of our discussion is learning
and not teaching
 focus on creating an exciting, self directed,
autonomous literature learning
environment.

A Blended Approach
Several limitations to online learning
 No state of the art technology can
replace the art of teaching
 The ideal solution is to blend the best
characteristics of online learning and
onsite learning to provide the greatest
support for the acquisition of knowledge,
modeling, practice, observation and coaching
which are the five components of learning

3 models of Blended Learning
The Skill driven model focuses on
developing certain linguistic skills
 The Attitude Driven Model aims at
developing a correct attitude towards
independent, autonomous, self directed
learning process
 The Competency Driven Model is for
developing certain competencies in adult
learners.

What is E-Learning or Online
learning?

The delivery of a learning, training or
education program by electronic means. Elearning involves the use of a computer or
electronic device (e.g. a mobile phone) in
some way to provide training, educational or
learning material. (Derek Stockley 2003)
Where do we start?


Learning Management Systems (LMS)
https://segue.middlebury.edu/index.php?&acti
on=site&site=segue
 http://www.interactole.org/spaces/space.php?
space_key=1
 http://www.sakaiproject.org/
 http://www.atutor.ca/
 http://www.atutor.ca/
 http://www.moodle.org/
Using Learning Management Systems
A reasonably good LMS should support the
following activities:
 Online forum/Blogging

Online assignments
 Web based projects
 Online essays
 Creative writing projects
Online evaluations

Quiz
◦
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◦
◦
◦

MCQ
True/False
Matching
Filling in the blanks
Short answers
Surveys
Document sharing
 Online notes
 Announcements

Webinars
 Skype
 RSS

 Really Simple Syndication (RSS 2.0)
 RDF Site Summary (RSS 1.0 and RSS 0.90)
 Rich Site Summary (RSS 0.91)

RSS is a family of web feed formats used to
publish frequently updated content such as
blog entries, news headlines or podcasts. An
RSS document, which is called a "feed," "web
feed," or "channel," contains either a
summary of content from an associated web
site or the full text. RSS makes it possible for
people to keep up with their favorite web
sites in an automated manner that's easier
than checking them manually.
The Hardware Needs
a server
 several computers
 audio equipment
 video equipments

Software
The Learning Management System (LMS)
 Ms Word for notes
 Ms PowerPoint for lecture notes
 Ms Front page, Dream Weaver etc for
web page design
 Flash and Swishmax for animation
 Hot Potatoes for the exercises
 PowerPoint to Flash Converter

The Pedagogy : Internet Based activities to
promote Literature learning

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E-tutoring to beef up back ground knowledge and improve
proficiency
Blogging via e-forum to render support and Motivation
Process orientated learning
Conversation and Dialogue, especially across borders of
language and culture
Public Engagement and Community Building
Opportunities for self-directed, student-centered learning
approaches
Opportunities for reflection and critical thinking
Authentic communicative interaction in the world
By providing unlimited online resources
By building students’ confidence through learner training
Promoting learner autonomy and collaborative learning
Networking
Teacher network
 Resource Data Bank
 Question Bank
 Study Circles

Thank You
[email protected]
 www.melta.org.my
 Melta Flyer

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ICT as a scaffolding for the study of Literature