1. After showing numerous pictures and talking of their
children’s achievements ad nauseam, the couple found
themselves ignored by everyone else at the party.
• Ad nauseam – (adv.)
• Parts: ad (to, very)naut (sail—seasick)
• Educated Guess:
• Definition: Referring to something that has been done or
repeated so often that it has become annoying or
tiresome; To a disgusting or ridiculous degree
• Synonyms:excessively, endlessly, repeatedly
• Antonyms: sparingly, infrequently, seldom, occasionally
• Variant forms: na
• Context Phrase:
2. Mrs. Dubose cast aspersions about his
father as Jem walked by her front porch.
• aspersions – n.
• Parts: as(to, toward);spergere(strew, sprinkle);ion(act of)
• Educated Guess:
• Definition: An attack on the reputation or integrity of
someone or something
• Synonyms: calumny, slander, invective, epithet, libel
• Antonyms: compliment, commendation, tribute
• Variant forms: asperse (v)
• Context Phrase:
3. The capricious performance of this
team keeps changing its place in the
conference standings.
• Capricious- adj.
• Parts:capit(head);ious(full of)literally head full of thoughts
• Educated Guess:
• Definition: Given to sudden and unaccountable changes
of mood or behavior; Characterized by or subject to
• Synonyms: impulsive, unpredictable, fickle, erratic
• Antonyms:steady, consistent, reliable, dependable
• Variant forms:capriciously (adv); capriciousness (n)
• Context Phrase:
4. Our goal is to achieve concord among
these belligerent nations without their
going to war.
• concord (n)
• Parts: con (together, with); cord (heart)
• Educated Guess:
• Definition: Agreement or harmony between people or
• Synonyms: agreement, harmony, pact
• Antonyms: discord, dissention, conflict, disagreement
• Variant forms: concordance (n)
• Context Phrase:
5. Macbeth is credulous regarding the
witches’ prophecy because it appeals to
his ambition.
• Credulous – (adj.)
• Parts: cred (believe); ous (full of)
• Educated Guess:
• Definition: Having or showing too great a readiness to
believe things; disposed to believe too readily
• Synonyms: gullible, naïve, unsuspecting, trusting
• Antonyms: suspicious, doubtful, skeptical, distrustful
• Variant forms:credulity (n); credulously (adv)
• Context Phrase:
6. He enjoys singing for his family, but
he is too diffident to perform on
• diffident - adj
• Parts: dif (apart, away ); fid (faith, trust); ent (that which)
• Educated Guess:
• Definition: Modest or shy because or lack of selfconfidence
• Synonyms: timid, shy, bashful
• Antonyms: confident, dauntless, courageous
• Variant forms: diffidence (n); diffidently (adv)
• Context Phrase:
7. If you will elucidate the reasons for
your decision, perhaps I will understand
and be less angry.
• Elucidate – verb
• Parts: e (out); luc (light); ate (make, cause)
• Educated Guess:
• Definition: To make something clear or plain
• Synonyms: clarify, explain, expound, illuminate
• Antonyms: obscure, confuse, mystify, muddle
• Variant forms: elucidation (n); elucidative (adj.)
• Context Phrase:
8. The court will expunge these charges if
the youth completes his community
service satisfactorily.
• expunge – v.
• Parts: ex (out); pung (point, stab)
• Educated Guess:
• Definition: To erase or remove completely something
that is unpleasant or unwanted
• Synonyms: remove, delete, erase, eliminate
• Antonyms: add, increase, augment, affix, extend
• Variant forms: expunction (n); expungement (n)
• Context Phrase:
9. The physician decided to try
homeopathy rather than surgery to cure his
• Homeopathy – noun
• Parts: homeo (same, like); path (disease); y (result of)
• Educated Guess:
• Definition: A system of medical treatment based on the use
of minute quantities of remedies that in massive doses
produce effects similar to those of the disease being treated.
• Synonyms: na
• Antonyms:allopathy (treatment by conventional means)
• Variant forms: homeopathic (adj); homeopath (n)
• Context Phrase:
10. The star player thought her coach would be
indifferent to her bad attitude in class, so she
was shocked to be suspended from the team.
• indifferent – adj.
• Parts:in(not);dif(apart, away);fer(carry); ent(that which)
• Educated Guess:
• Definition: Having no particular interest; having no
partiality for or against; Neither good nor bad
• Synonyms: unconcerned, apathetic, impartial, fair
• Antonyms: concerned, caring, sympathetic, earnest
• Variant forms: indifference (n); indifferently (adv)
• Context Phrase:
11. When I calmed down, I regretted the
irascible comments I had made.
• Irascible – ( adj.)
• Parts: irasci>ire (anger); ible (capable of)
• Educated Guess:
• Definition: Easily made angry; characterized by or
arising from anger
• Synonyms: irritable, fractious, hot-tempered, testy
• Antonyms: pleasant, agreeable, tranquil, tolerant
• Variant forms: irascibility (n); irascibly (adv.)
• Context Phrase:
12. She resigned from the Mediation Club
when she realized how maladroit she was in
conflict resolution.
• maladroit (adj.)
• Parts: mal (bad); adroit (skilful)
• Educated Guess:
• Definition: Ineffective or bungling; characterized by a
lack of skill; characterized by a lack of perception or
• Synonyms: clumsy, inept, incompetent
• Antonyms: dexterous, skilled, capable, adroit, competent
• Variant forms: maladroitly (adv.); maladroitness (n)
• Context Phrase:
13. His myopic perspective limits the
company’s potential to succeed.
• myopic – adj.
• Parts: myo (muscle); opt (eye); ic (related to)
• Educated Guess:
• Definition: Lack of imagination, foresight, or intellectual
insight; Short sightedness or lack of discernment in
thinking or planning
• Synonyms: nearsighted, shortsighted, obtuse, limited
• Antonyms: farsighted, keen, visionary, imaginative
• Variant forms: myopia (n); myopically (adv.)
• Context Phrase:
14. Narcissus fell in love with the
reflection of himself in the pellucid water.
• pellucid - adjective
• Parts: pel>per(through, thoroughly); luc (clear, light)
• Educated Guess:
• Definition: Translucently clear; Easily understood; Clear
and pure in tone or sound
• Synonyms: transparent, crystalline, candid, plain
• Antonyms: muddy, obscure, turbid, dark, opaque
• Variant forms: pellucidly (adv)
• Context Phrase:
15. To prepare for my travels in Europe, I
purchased a polyglot dictionary.
• polyglot - adjective
• Parts: poly (many); glot (tongue, language)
• Educated Guess:
• Definition: Speaking, writing, written in, or composed
of several languages; A person with a reading, writing, or
speaking knowledge of several languages (n.)
• Synonyms: multilingual (adj)
• Antonyms: na
• Variant forms: polyglotism (n); polyglotic (adj)
• Context Phrase:
16. Faced with the evidence, he decided to
proffer his resignation rather than be fired.
• Proffer - verb
• Parts: pro (forth); ob (to); fer (carry, bring)
• Educated Guess:
• Definition: To hold out something for someone
• Synonyms: offer, propose, submit, tender, suggest
• Antonyms: refuse, deny, reject, withdraw, withhold
• Variant forms: profferer (n)
• Context Phrase:
17. This plane is designed to reconnoiter
the area without being detected by radar.
• reconnoiter – (verb)
• Parts: re (back, again); cogn (know)
• Educated Guess:
• Definition: To make a military observation of a region;
to make a preliminary inspection of; An act of military
observation of a region
• Synonyms: examine, scout, inspect, survey, spy
• Antonyms: na
• Variant forms: reconnaissance (n)
• Context Phrase:
18. The caricature exaggerates his salient
feature, which is his ears.
• Salient - adj
• Parts: sal (jump, leap); ent (that which)
• Educated Guess:
• Definition: Most noticeable or important; strikingly
conspicuous, Projecting or jutting beyond a line or
• Synonyms: pronounced, significant, obvious
• Antonyms: inconspicuous, minor, unimportant
• Variant forms: salience (n); saliency (n) saliently (adv)
• Context Phrase:
19. With this information to substantiate
the charges, the jury will probably find
her guilty.
• Substantiate – verb
• Parts: sub (under); stan (stand); ate (make, cause)
• Educated Guess:
• Definition: To provide evidence to support or prove the
truth of something; To give material form to
• Synonyms: verify, corroborate, confirm, attest, embody
• Antonyms: contradict, disprove, invalidate, deny
• Variant forms: substantively (adv)
• Context Phrase:
20. He vacillates between joining the
military and attending college, but he must
decide by May.
• vacillate - verb.
• Parts: vacillare (sway, waver); ate (make, cause)
• Educated Guess:
• Definition: To sway from one side to the other, To swing
indecisively from one course of action or opinion to
• Synonyms: waver, oscillate, fluctuate, equivocate
• Antonyms:commit, decide, resolve, settle
• Variant forms: vacillation (n); vacillator (n)
• Context Phrase:

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