The Nordic Alliance for Open
Education: State-of-the-Art,
Challenges and Opportunities
Jan M. Pawlowski, Ebba Ossiannilsson, Alastair Creelman,
Henri Pirkkalainen, Tore Hoel, Tapio Varis, Petri Lounaskorpi,
Oystein Johannessen, Gard Titlestad, Jan Hylen, Christian
Hjorth Lund, Olavur Ellefsen
EDEN Conference, Oslo, 14.06.2013
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Open Education on the Move
EU Horizon 2020:
Opening Up Education
e. Support capacity building for the sustainable development of quality learning materials.
Support institutions, train and motivate teachers and other personnel to produce and share highquality, accessible educational resources, taking into account local needs and the full diversity of
learners. Promote quality assurance and peer review of OER. Encourage the development of
mechanisms for the assessment and certification of learning outcomes achieved through OER.
f. Foster strategic alliances for OER. Take advantage of evolving technology to create
opportunities for sharing materials which have been released under an open license in diverse
media and ensure sustainability through new strategic partnerships within and among the
education, industry, library, media and telecommunications sectors.
g. Encourage the development and adaptation of OER in a variety of languages and cultural
contexts. Favour the production and use of OER in local languages and diverse cultural contexts to
ensure their relevance and accessibility. Intergovernmental organisations should encourage the
sharing of OER across languages and cultures, respecting indigenous knowledge and rights.
How to make an
“OER difference”
on a global scale?
Nordic Openness
Open for Ideas and
Open Pedagogies
and Curricula
Society open for teachers’
Education open for anyone
(schools, universities, adult
Nordic OER
NDLA icooperation between 18
NRK: Norwegian Web
2.0 initiative official national
education and career portal,. is a collection of
pedagogical articles public portal for
educational content
Materialeplatformen national
repository for all Danish
learning resources
portal for academic lectures by
Danish Public Broadcasting by the Finnish National
Board of Education
learning resources in Swedish
Instructions for teachers
teacher cards
Small Highschools in Finland
LeMill, collaboration with
inks and information by
project OER - Open
opportunities for learning
involves nine universities
UR access by
Utbildningsradion (UR)
Spindeln search engine
Libguides iportal for resources
on OER
Barriers (1/2)
Opportunities / Impact
Strategies and Policies:
Specific OER Strategies
Lack of Nordic policies on
Lack of national policies
Provide political guidance,
support and engagement
Build a Nordic position on OER
Create national OER policies
Enabling environments:
Connectivity, mobility, literacy,
Lack of interoperability
Lack of easy-to-use systems
Creating access to a variety of
OER through national /
regional portals and
Utilize OER across platforms
and systems
Create flexible portals and
collaboration environments
Support the development and
use of (international) standards
Use and Awareness: Inclusion,
access & equality
Lack of awareness and
attitudes on policy and user
Lack of support by middle
management in institutions
Allow collaborations within and
across the Nordic countries as
well as internationally
Create Nordic communities
Connect to international
Create and support university
policy development
Open Licensing Frameworks
(understanding, public funding)
Lack of knowledge on open
licenses (eg Creative
Make simple licensing
mechanisms, understandable
to educators and others
Support and enforce use of
open licenses
Sustainable Development and
Quality: Supporting teachers,
quality, peer review
Lack of uptake by teachers
insecurities on quality
lack of quality mechanisms
Creating collaborations and
shared teaching
Increase quality
Provide collaboration support
and incentives
Create user-based quality
Barriers (2/2)
Strategic Alliances: across
borders, Public Private
Partnerships (PPP)
Lack of policy instruments
lack of partnerships
Increased international
Supporting educational global
Provide programs for
international shared teaching
Support PPP and business
model creation
Development / adaptation for
culture / language: adaptation,
Lack of long-term
Lack of accessibility
Lack of tool to collaborate
across borders
Allowing diversity and support
of languages and culture
Create access for special
Provide accessibility and
adaptation guidance
Research: development,
efficiency, quality
Lack of research on OER, in
particular business models,
acceptance, sector-specific
uptake and effects
Increase research for OER
and related topics, in particular
applied research
Create specific OER research
Finding / retrieving: Services
and tools, interoperability
Lack of knowledge on
available tools
Create easy opportunities to
find, adapt and embed OER
Use good practices and
validated tools from
international projects and
Change / adoption processes
Lack of balanced approaches
(bottom up and top down)
Create good practices of both,
bottom up (eg initiated by
students) and top down (eg
providing institutional
Collect and synthesize mixed
approaches to adoption and
The Nordic Situation
Perfect ground for Nordic and
global collaboration
“Open” Approaches widely used
– Lack of awareness on all levels
– No policies in place
– Very few Nordic collaborations
….and unfortunately: a strong
lack of global collaboration!
The Nordic Open Education Alliance
To contribute in utilizing OER for educational
development in the Nordic countries and to enable and
support collaborative actions in these countries
To contribute to global educational development
To support the implementation of the Paris OER
Declaration and future EU OER initiatives in the Nordic
To analyze opportunities and barriers for a successful
implementation of the Paris Declaration as well as
current EU strategies in order to provide guidance for
policy makers in governments, institutions and
To build and exchange knowledge on OER and OEP in
the Nordic Region as a basis for good practices,
inspiration for policy building and policy implementation
Nordic OE Alliance: Position Paper
Goals and Objectives
How to make it
How to create long– Policy
term, trusted, mutual
– Institutions
– Individuals
Nordic OE Alliance: Vision 2017
The Nordic countries are a leading area regarding global and European
Ministries and universities acknowledge and support use of OER
Educators are aware of OER and how to access and utilize OER
“Opening up Education values” are shared by a majority of educators
All schools and institutions have the freedom to choose between their
own, commercial or open materials
OER creation is rewarded in tenure and evaluation procedures
Communities have formed on research and teaching
Access to OER exists through communities
Cost of educational materials has decreased
New businesses have been formed providing educational services
All publicly funded materials are shared and distributed with open
Quality mechanisms are available and known
All schools and educational institutions are involved in long-term
educational collaborations, nationally as well as internationally
Materials and expertise are made available globally
Individuals and institutions engage in cross-border collaborations
Towards Nordic-Global Collaborations
Policy Level
– Create multi-lateral educational partnerships
– Support development of OER in different languages
– Enforce collaborative research
– Provide Nordic OER access points
– Commit to OER development: rewards and recognition
– Utilize existing partnerships (ERASMUS, e-twinning, …)
– Support and encourage collaborative teaching
– Create awareness
– Create, collaborate, innovate!
– Try out new ways of mutual collaboration!
Nordic Open Education Alliance provides an
access point to Nordic Open Education
Growing initiative to represent Nordic interests
and opportunities
Support of global collaboration instead of
Promoting innovation – e.g. idea sharing, trust
building, collaboration
– Emotional (and collective) ownership
– Co-creation in collaborations
– Creating long term emotional bindings
– OER as a dynamic process in groups of
trusted colleagues
Join the partnership!
Contact us…
Prof. Dr. Jan M. Pawlowski
GLIS on the web…
Nordic Open Education Alliance

OER Theses