European Transport Workers’ Federation
European sectoral social dialogue –
achievements in the transport
sector: the workers’ perspective
Bucharest, 25-26 January 2011
Eduardo Chagas, ETF General Secretary
European Transport Workers’ Federation
• European Social Dialogue – the framework
• European Sectoral Social Dialogue in
Transport
o
An example - ESSD in Railways
o
Another example – ESSD in Ports
• The ETF views on ESSD and the way ahead
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European Transport Workers’ Federation
Definition of social dialogue
“All types of negotiation, consultation or simply
exchange of information between, or among,
representatives of governments, employers
and workers, on issues of common interest
relating to economic and social policy”
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European Transport Workers’ Federation
Legal basis
Very strong mandate for social dialogue =
embedded in the Treaty on the Functioning of the
European Union (TFEU) – articles 152, 154, 155
N. B. Full texts of EU legislation can be found at www.eur-lex.eu (all EU languages).
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European Transport Workers’ Federation
Forms of EU social dialogue
TRIPARTITE – Governments/Commission
Workers (ETUC, Eurocadres)
Employers (BusinessEurope + CEEP
+ UAPME
BIPARTITE –
Cross industry – ETUC + BusinessEurope + CEEP
+ UAPME
Sectoral – European Trade Union Federations +
Employers Sectoral Federations
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European Transport Workers’ Federation
Topics
• no precise definition
• issues of common interest
• examples:
working time & working conditions
education, (vocational) training
equal opportunities
social security
...
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European Transport Workers’ Federation
Outcomes I (qualitative)
• better understanding
• consensus building
• capacity building
 to promote sectoral interests
 to act in an autonomous way
 social dialogue at company / national level
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European Transport Workers’ Federation
Outcomes II (quantitative)
•
Agreements
 framework agreements
 autonomous agreements
•
Recommendations
 framework of action
 guidelines / codes of conduct
 policy orientations
•
Exchange of information
 joint opinions
 declarations
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European Transport Workers’ Federation
Functioning / obstacles
• Difference in legal framework of
industrial relations
• Different structures
• Different expectations (goals)
• Lack of mandate (employers)
• Balance of power (workers)
• Amateurism / insufficient education
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European Transport Workers’ Federation
Sectoral Social Dialogue in
Transport
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Civil Aviation – since 1990
Inland Waterways – since 1999
Railways – since 1972
Road Transport – since 1965
Sea Fishing – since 1974
Maritime Transport – since 1973
Ports (2011?)
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European Transport Workers’ Federation
Some examples of agreements reached in
the framework of SSDCs:
RAILWAYS
• ETF/CER Agreement on certain aspects of the working conditions of
railway mobile workers assigned to interoperable cross-border services
• ETF/CER Agreement on the European license for drivers carrying out a
cross border interoperability services
• Representation and better integration of women in the different
professions of the railway sector
ROAD TRANSPORT
• Joint ETF/IRU recommendations on employment and training in
logistics
• ETF and IRU common criteria for rest facilities
SEA FISHERIES
• ETF/EUROPÊCHE/COGECA Agreement on a social clause to be
included in fisheries agreements with third countries
• REFOPE
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European Transport Workers’ Federation
MARITIME TRANSPORT
• ETF/ECSA agreement to work on the transposition of the ILO
Maritime Labour Convention 2006 into EU law
• ETF/ECSA European agreement on the organisation of working time of
seafarers
• ETF/ECSA Career path mapping
CIVIL AVIATION
• ETF/ACI Europe Joint Statement on Quality, Safety and Training in the
ground-handling sector
• ETF/ ERA/IACA/AEA/ECA European agreement on the organisation of
working time of mobile staff in civil aviation
• ETF/CANSO Statement on the Community Air Traffic Controller Licence
draft Directive
INLAND WATERWAYS
• ETF/UINF Joint project on training
• ETF/EBU current negotiations on working time for Inland Navigation
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European Transport Workers’ Federation
The Social Partners in the Railway Sector
• Community of European Railways and Infrastructure
managers (CER)
• European Infrastructure Managers (EIM) since 2005
• European Transport Workers’ Federation (ETF)
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European Transport Workers’ Federation
Social dialogue in Railways: the structure
PLENARY
1 x year
27 + 27 participants
BUREAU
8 members
4 + 4 participants
Working group II
Working group I
Employability
Training
Equal opportunities
Adaptability of companies
Interoperability
Negotiations
Article 139
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European Transport Workers’ Federation
ACTIVITIES
• Negotiations of European agreements
• Consultation be the European Commission on
Commission’s initiatives with social impact
• Consultation by the European Railway Agency
on all proposals with a social dimension
• Joint declarations (e.g. Eurovignette-Directive, mid-term review of the
White Paper on European Transport Policy, for faster internalization of external costs)
• Joint recommendations (e.g. better integration and representation
of women in the rail sector (signed June 2007)
• Joint projects (e.g. interoperability of personnel, adaptability of
undertakings, employability of workers, new technologies in training, social dialogue in
the new Member States, integration of women in railway professions, developments in
rail freight sector and impact on personnel)
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European Transport Workers’ Federation
Towards a SSDC in ports /1
• The only ETF Section without a SSDC
• ETF demands to employers
• The struggle against PP1 and PP2: confrontation
but also dialogue!
• The « post PPs » consultation process: a
significant step towards the formalization of dialogue,
identification of common objectives and common interest
for social peace in the EU port sector
• One question: why such sudden interest from
employers and Commission for a SSDC in the sector?
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European Transport Workers’ Federation
Towards a SSDC in ports /2
Two significant events
•The ETF TRUST project (April 2007):
• Common interest on a sustainable port sector
• ETF workshop on training and
qualifications in ports (February 2009):
• Initiation of a dialogue on one of the core
issues for the upcoming Committee
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European Transport Workers’ Federation
ETF approach to EU sectoral social dialogue
• ETF values EU sectoral social dialogue: SSDCs
where ETF is involved are amongst the most
productive ones, also in terms of binding instruments
• ESSD as a policy instrument complementary to
legislation and negotiation
• ESSD must contribute to and promote growth, quality
jobs, social Europe and sustainable transport policy
• Important to build long-lasting trust between
employers and trade unions, find balanced solutions to
social questions, develop social cohesion at EU and
national levels
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European Transport Workers’ Federation
Improving the framework
in which EU SSD takes place:
• ETF response to the ESSD
revision carried out by the
European Commission
• ETF internal debate and
workshop held during the ETF
2009 Congress
• Debate within the various SSDCs
where ETF is represented
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European Transport Workers’ Federation
ETF priorities for change
• Low participation from new Member States:
difficulties in the application of texts resulting
from Social Partners’ autonomous negotiations
• SSDCs not always properly involved in impact
assessment studies and in dossiers having
social implications
• Employers’ organisations often lack the will to
tackle substantial issues and/or do not have full
mandate to negotiate
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European Transport Workers’ Federation
The way forward
• More focus on binding agreements
• On social aspects related to transport: social
dialogue first!
• Promotion of sustainable transport through
sectoral social dialogue
• Providing capacity building to social partners in
countries with young industrial relations systems
• Better interconnection between dialogue and
negotiations at national level (need for mature industrial
relations in ALL EU countries)
• Better defining the actors
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European Transport Workers’ Federation
For more information on European Sectoral Social
Dialogue texts:
ETUC
http://www.etuc.org/r/59
ETUI
http://www.worker-participation.eu/EU-Social-Dialogue
ILO
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/dialogue/index.htm
EC
http://ec.europa.eu/socialdialogue
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European Transport Workers’ Federation
Actions / Campaigns
Solidarity actions with affiliates in need
 Budapest Airport
Dismissals in LOT
ITF Weeks of action
Port of Trieste and Turkish drivers
MULTUMESC!
Transport Treaty for South East Europe
www.etf-europe.org
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