Chapter 1 Vocabulary
Understanding Yourself
Heredity
 The sum of all traits passed on through
genes from parents to children.
Environment
 Made up of everything that surrounds you.
Cultural heritage
 Made up of learned behaviors, beliefs, and
languages that are passed from
generation to generation.
Ethnic group
 A group of people who share common
racial and/or cultural characteristics such
as national origin, language, religion, and
traditions.
Personality
 The total of all the behavioral qualities and
traits that make up an individual; the way
you feel, the way you think, the way you
speak, the way you dress, and the way
you relate to others.
Character
 Inner traits such as conscience, moral
strength, and social attitudes; the inner
you – that force that guides your conduct
and behavior toward acceptable standards
of right and wrong.
Empathy
 Caring people understand how others feel
even when their own personal feelings
may differ.
Fairness
 The ability to be honest and impartial – to
act in an objective, unbiased way.
Respect
 To hold in high regard. Acting with
consideration and even admiration toward
people, laws, and property describes a
respectful person.
Trustworthiness
 You can be relied upon; important in
building strong relationships; relied on to
keep promises; trusted to do their jobs to
the best of their ability.
Responsibility
 Being accountable for your actions and
obligations; you accept the consequences
for what you do, good or bad.
Citizenship
 (as a character trait) refers to the quality of
a person’s response to membership in a
community; usually conferred upon you at
birth; loyalty to country and community is
expected of its citizens; if services or
facilities are not as you would like, you
have a duty to make them better.
Self-concept
 Your view of yourself; largely influenced by
people around you and the way you
interpreted their behaviors toward you.
Improving your self-concept
 Be realistic about your expectations of
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yourself
Develop your talents and abilities
Look for positive relationships with others
Spend time doing activities you enjoy
Spend time doing for others
Develop a sense of humor
Self-esteem
 The sense of worth you attach to yourself
– it’s a word used to describe a positive
self-concept; a personal statement you
make to yourself and your
accomplishments.
Thumbprint Activity
(due end of class)
Maturity
 Growth and development can be
summarized in one word during the teen
years – change; the change that occurs
between childhood and adulthood.
Developmental tasks
 Challenges to meet your personal needs
and handle new expectations placed on
you by society; tasks or skills society has
come to expect of people at various ages.
Needs
 Basic items that are required for living.
Robert Havighurst
 A human development researcher
 Theory: Developmental Tasks
 All humans have development tasks that
they must master. Each task mastered
results in a sense of personal achievement
and the desire to learn a new task.
Developmental Tasks for
Teens
1. Accept your physique and use your body
effectively.
2. Establish emotional independence from
your parents and other adults.
3. Achieve new and more mature relations
with age mates.
4. Adopt socially approved
masculine/feminine adult roles.
5. Select and prepare for an occupation
6. Develop a personal attitude toward
marriage and family living
7. Adopt personal behavior standards.
8. Accept and adopt socially responsible
behavior.
Abraham Maslow
 Another human development researcher
with a different theory.
 Pyramid shaped icon to explain that the
most basic needs are the base of human
development. As those needs are met, a
person can progress to the next level of
development.
 People can move up and down the
pyramid.
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Self-actualization
 The need to develop to your full potential.
 Know what is important to you
 Have set goals for yourself and have reached many
of them
 May strive for goals outside of yourself, such as a
quest for beauty, truth, or justice
 Seeks self-fulfillment by expressing your true selves
 Accepting of your own weaknesses and those of
others
 Are in tune with reality
 The top of the pyramid! All of your needs
are met. You are able to independently
operate as an adult in society. Also you are
able to “give back” to society.
Wants
 Items people desire, but don’t need to
survive.
Personal priorities
 The beliefs, feelings, and experiences you
consider to be important and desirable
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Honesty
Friendship
Freedom
Happiness
Popularity
Health
Education
Beauty or
Status
Goals
 The aims people consciously try to reach;
attaining something you wanted and
considered important.
Short-term goals
 You can reach these goals in an hour, a
day, or even a week.
Long-term goals
 You may need several months or even
several year to reach these goals.
Visionary goals
 Goals that you don’t really expect to
achieve and though you know you
probably won’t reach these goals, they are
worthwhile; they can inspire you to do
more than you thought you were capable
of doing; they can also add some
interesting experiences to your life.
Steps in setting and achieving
goals
 Make a list of what you want out of life
 Consider your personal priorities-what’s
most important
 List ways you could achieve your goals
 Make some definite plans
 Establish deadlines and rewards;
deadlines, or time goals, help you direct
your efforts.
Standards
 Accepted levels of achievement
 Appearance
 How well you do certain skills
 Quality of your possessions
Quality of life
 A phrase use to describe many factors
that work together to foster personal wellbeing.
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Good health
Environmental factors
Emotional closeness
Social ties
Education opportunities
Satisfying work
Management
 Wisely using means to achieve goals.
Decisions
 A conscious or unconscious response to a
problem or an issue.
 Impulsive decisions
 Habits
 Emulation (do what other people around you
are doing)
 Creativity
 Default (the act of not making a decision)
Decision-making process
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Define the problem or the decision to be made.
Establish your goals
Prioritize your goals
Look for resources
Identify alternatives
Make a decision
Carry out the decision
Evaluate the results of your decision
Chronological Growth
 Everyone ages, we all have birthdays.
Questions
1. What was your favorite age?
2. Why?
Physical Growth
 We all grow physically until we reach our
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mature adult body.
Girls (9 y.o.) mature faster than boys (11
y.o.)
Questions
How does the different rate of maturity
affect teens?
Can your growth be influenced?
How do hormones affect growth?
Emotional Growth
 Maturing is emotional growth.
 During adolescence you will experience
mood swings. This is due to hormones.
 “No man is an island!”
 Think of the Tom Hanks movie
“Castaway!” He developed a relationship
with a volleyball he named Wilson!
 The way people express their feelings.
Questions
1. I like to be with my friends when it
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
comes to . . ?
I like to be different from my friends when
it comes to . . .?
I like it when my friends . . . ?
Teens worry about . . . ?
Growing up is hard because. . . ?
Teens are sensitive about . . . ?
Intellectual Growth
 People continue to learn and grow
intellectually all throughout their life.
 People develop the ability to reason and
think complex thoughts.
 A stimulating environment promotes
intellectual growth.
Social Growth
 As you mature you also grow socially.
 People learn to take turns and share with
others.
 Allows people to have good times with
other people and to enjoy life.
The end
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Chapter 1 Vocabulary - Humble Independent School …