Upcoming Events
Interviewing Skills for International
Students and Postdocs
• Thursday, Sept 4, 5:15-6:15
pm
• B25 Warren Hall
Mingling and Working the Room
• Friday, Sept 12, 5-7 pm
• Clark Atrium, Phys. Sci. Bldg.
Preparing for the Career Fair:
Approaches for Grad Students &
Postdocs
• Tuesday, Sept 9, noon-1 pm
• 700 Clark Hall
University-Wide Career Fair Days
• Sept 16 and 17, 10 am-3 pm
• Barton Hall
Envisioning Yourself Outside of
Academia: First Steps for Grad
Students & Postdocs
• Wednesday, Oct 1, noon-1 pm
• 102 Mann
Cornell’s Non-Academic Career
Resources
• Wednesday, Oct 8, noon-1 pm
• 102 Mann
CV to Resume
Christine Holmes
Director of Post-Doctoral Studies, Caldwell Hall
[email protected]
Anne Poduska, PhD
Graduate & International Student Career Advisor
Cornell Career Services (Barnes Hall)
[email protected]
Where Can You Go For Help With Your Career?
• Workshops and Events
Graduate School Program Chart
CCS Event Calendar
CCNet
• Websites
Cornell Career Services
College career office
• Career Offices
Career Services:
Research Master’s and PhD students
•
•
•
•
•
Agriculture and Life Sciences: 140 Roberts
Engineering: 201 Carpenter
Hotel: 180 Statler
ILR: 201 Ives
University-wide: 103 Barnes
Professional master’s students: Contact your program’s office
Career Services:
Postdocs
Graduate Students Interested in a Postdoc
Christine Holmes
Director of Post-Doctoral
Studies
Caldwell Hall
[email protected]
PhD Comic, Piled Higher and Deeper by Jorge Cham, phdcomics.com
Purpose of CV and Resume
• Describe previous experiences
• Used by employers to decide whether to interview you
• Used during interviews to formulate questions
CV
History, education,
accomplishments
Resume
Skills and abilities
Redefining Yourself
Academia:
Job title (Professor)
Subjects (American
history)
CV
History, education,
accomplishments
Outside of Academia
What you’ve done and
could do
(transferable skills)
Resume
Skills and abilities
Caveat
Not all jobs outside of academia
require a resume.
Some require a CV.
CV
Resume
Where
Academia
Employers outside of
the US
US employment: private
sector, government, and
non profit
Exceptions
US federal Government
(PhD. Level)
International
Organization in US
Development consulting
firms
Think Tank
Content
Full list of qualifications
Summary of Qualifications
Length
As long as you need
1-2 pages
Style
Not important
Very important
If a US employer asks for a CV…
• Check with the employer
• Confirm with others in the field
• Create a CV that details your skills; include a full or partial
publication list
CV to Resume: Conceptual Shift
My degree and
publications are the main
reasons why I’ll get a job
The skills I acquired while I
got my graduate degree will
help me get a job
My activities that are
unrelated to teaching,
research, and publishing
are unimportant
Outside activities are
valuable because they
demonstrate skills and
interests
There’s one way to view
myself—as a PhD in X
field—and my CV
represents that one view.
There are many ways to
view myself and my abilities,
depending on the type of job
I’d like.
Consequences of This Conceptual Shift
1. Resumes have different structure than CVs
2. There’s different ways you can represent yourself on a
resume
3. You need to break down your CV’s job titles and
accomplishments into action verbs
4. You have to understand what an employer wants when you
make your resume
5. You’ll need different resumes for different jobs.
Consequences of This Conceptual Shift
1. Resumes have different structure than CVs
2. There’s different ways you can represent yourself on a
resume
3. You need to break down your CV’s job titles and
accomplishments into action verbs
4. You have to understand what an employer wants when you
make your resume
5. You’ll need different resumes for different jobs
Content
Curriculum Vitae
Resume
Education
Research/Teaching Interests
Thesis/Dissertation
Grants and Other Awards
Research Experience
Teaching Experience
Practical Experience
Employment
Consulting
Internships
Publications
Conference Presentations
Languages
Computer/Technical Skills
References
Education
Summary/Objective Statement (?)
Not typically tailored by
position
Very tailored by position
Select Grants and Awards
Experience
Select Publications
Select Presentations
Languages
Computer/Technical Skills
Summary/Objective Statement
• Do you need it?
• First (and easiest) place to adjust for job ad
Seeking a responsible position in an industry lab doing
research.
Plant Scientist with 5 years of experience managing multiple
projects in the following areas:
– Automation and high throughput plant handling systems
– Supervision of lab personnel
– Management of lab budget
Consequences of This Conceptual Shift
1. Resumes have different structure than CVs
2. There’s different ways you can represent yourself on a
resume
3. You need to break down your CV’s job titles and
accomplishments into action verbs
4. You have to understand what an employer wants when you
make your resume
5. You’ll need different resumes for different jobs.
How Is a Resume Structured?
• Chronological
• Functional
• Combination
Resume Type: Chronological
Format:
• Most widely used style
• Information presented in reverse chronological order
Uses:
• Highlights progressive work experience
• Best for those who have significant experience in the field
where they are seeking a job
Problems:
• Less effective if changing careers or have little work
experience
• Older but relevant experience may be overlooked
Resume Type: Chronological
• See page 55 of Career Guide
Resume Type: Functional
Format:
• Experiences are grouped by skills (e.g. leadership
skills, communication skills)
• The titles and dates of the experiences are listed at
the top or bottom of the resume
Uses:
• Good for those changing careers or who have little
work experience or gaps in employment
Problems:
• It can be confusing because the relationship between
a skill and an experience can be lost
Resume Type: Functional
• See page 47 of Career Guide
Resume Type: Combination
Format:
• Experiences are given in reverse chronology but are
arranged by type of experience (e.g. communication
experience, leadership experience)
Uses:
• Accentuates your skills
• Draws direct parallels with skills in job ads
• Helpful if you are applying for a wide range of jobs
Problems:
• Can be difficult to fit one experience into just one
category
Resume Type: Combination
• See page 48 of Career Guide
Consequences of This Conceptual Shift
1. Resumes have different structure than CV
2. There’s different ways you can represent yourself on a
resume
3. You need to break down your CV’s job titles and
accomplishments into action verbs
4. You have to understand what an employer wants when you
make your resume
5. You’ll need different resumes for different jobs.
Developing Bullet Points from your CV
Service and Volunteer Activities
PhD Admissions Committee Member
2008
I reviewed 15 PhD applications, wrote a one-paragraph
summary analysis of each applicant, and identified my top 7
choices. I gave a 15-minute presentation to the committee (5
faculty members) on why the 7 should be selected—and all
were chosen. When 25 prospective students visited campus,
I talked to them about Cornell’s academic and social life and
answered their questions.
Developing Bullet Points from your CV
Service and Volunteer Activities
PhD Admissions Committee Member
2008
I reviewed 15 PhD applications, wrote a one-paragraph
summary analysis of each applicant, and identified my top 7
choices. I gave a 15-minute presentation to the committee (5
faculty members) on why the 7 should be selected—and all
were chosen. When 25 prospective students visited campus,
I talked to them about Cornell’s academic and social life and
answered their questions.
Developing Bullet Points from your CV
• Reviewed 15 PhD applications
• Wrote a one-paragraph summary analysis of each
applicant
• Identified my top 7 choices
• Gave a 15-minute presentation to the committee (5 faculty
members) on why the 7 should be selected—and all were
chosen.
• Talked to 25 prospective students about Cornell’s
academic and social life and answered their questions.
Developing Bullet Points from your CV
• Reviewed 15 PhD applications
• Wrote a one-paragraph summary analysis of each
applicant
• Identified my top 7 choices
• Gave a 15-minute presentation to the committee (5 faculty
members) on why the 7 should be selected—and all were
chosen.
• Talked to 25 prospective students about Cornell’s
academic and social life and answered their questions.
How do you decide which bullet
points to include or expand upon?
Consequences of This Conceptual Shift
1. Resumes have different structure than CV
2. There’s different ways you can represent yourself on a
resume
3. You need to break down your CV’s job titles and
accomplishments into action verbs
4. You have to understand what an employer wants when
you make your resume
5. You’ll need different resumes for different jobs.
What Skills Do Employers Want?
Employers typically desire the following core
competencies*:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Content knowledge
Professionalism and work ethic
Oral and written communication
Teamwork (including leadership) and collaboration
Critical thinking and problem solving
Ethics and social responsibility
*Casner-Lotto, J., & Barrington, L. (2006). Are they really ready to work? Employers’ Perspectives on the Basic
Knowledge and Applied Skills of New Entrants to the 21stCentury U.S. Workforce.
Retrieved from the Partnership for 21st Century Skills website:
http://www.p21.org/storage/documents/FINAL_REPORT_PDF09-29-06.pdf
Developing Targeted Bullet Points:
Critical Thinking Skills
• Reviewed 15 PhD applications
• Wrote a one-paragraph summary analysis of each
applicant
• Identified my top 7 choices
• Gave a 15-minute presentation to the committee (5 faculty
members) on why the 7 should be selected—and all were
chosen.
• Talked to 25 prospective students about Cornell’s
academic and social life and answered their questions.
Developing Targeted Bullet Points:
Critical Thinking Skills
• Reviewed 15 PhD applications
• Identified my top 7 choices
• Analyzed 15 PhD student application essays and
academic records according to admissions criteria and
identified top 7 applicants
Developing Targeted Bullet Points:
Oral Communication Skills
• Reviewed 15 PhD applications
• Wrote a one-paragraph summary analysis of each
applicant
• Identified my top 7 choices
• Gave a 15-minute presentation to the committee (5 faculty
members) on why the 7 should be selected—and all were
chosen.
• Talked to 25 prospective students about Cornell’s
academic and social life and answered their questions.
Developing Targeted Bullet Points:
Oral Communication Skills
• Gave a 15-minute presentation to the committee (5 faculty
members) on why the 7 should be selected—and all were
chosen.
• Persuaded five-member faculty committee in 15minute oral presentation to accept 7 applicants
CV to Resume
Service and Volunteer Activities
PhD Admissions Committee Member
2008
PhD Admissions Committee Member
2008
Comparative Literature Dept., Cornell University, Ithaca, NY
• Analyzed 15 PhD student application essays and academic
records according to admissions criteria and identified top
7 applicants
• Persuaded five-member faculty committee in 15-minute
oral presentation to accept 7 applicants
Resources for Identifying Skills
• O*Net
• Google LinkedIn profiles
Consequences of This Conceptual Shift
1. Resumes have different structure than CV
2. There’s different ways you can represent yourself on a
resume
3. You need to break down your CV’s job titles and
accomplishments into action verbs
4. You have to understand what an employer wants when you
make your resume
5. You’ll need different resumes for different jobs.
Resume Examples
• VersatilePhD
• Optimal Resume
• Chronicle of Higher Education: CV Doctor
Final Resume Tips
• Opinions vary; everyone who looks at your resume is
looking for something specific
• There is no “right way” – just guidelines
• Have multiple people read it
• Put most important information on the first page
• List responsibilities most important to least
• Use clear, easy-to-understand language
• Past tense vs. present tense
• Use at least 11 point font size
What Are Your Questions?
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