Geography Notes
• Today we are going to review some information
about geography. We are going to record this
information in notes.
• You may need to draw pictures…that’s okay, you
can draw them in your notes too.
• Now let’s learn how we take
notes in this class.
Essential Question:
2 1/2”
Essential Answer:
3 to 4 sentence summary across
the bottom of notes
Cornell Notes: Format
 Right side: The “information” side. It’s where you
write information given to you in a lecture, video,
text, etc.
 Don’t copy word for word. You are encouraged to
Cornell Notes: Format
 Left side: The “processing” side. This is where you
analyze the notes and write questions that are
answered by the information on the right side.
 Key to remember: The left and right sides are
related to each other.
Cornell Notes: Summary/Essential
 Write a summary that:
 Restates the main ideas covered in the
notes in your own words or;
 Usually 2-4 MAIN IDEAS of a PowerPoint
 Written at the bottom of each page.
 At the end of class or at home.
Cornell Notes: Summary/Essential
Answer the Essential Question:
All PPT notes will have an Essential Questions.
Their purpose is to concentrate the Topic we are
In the Essential Answer your goal is to pin point
the major idea of the topic.
Topic: Geography
Unit: Week 1
Essential Question: How does
geography influence people?
What is Geography?
• Geography literally means "earth description."
Geography seeks answers to questions that
• Where are things located?
• Why are they there?
• What is their significance?
• What is a particular location or region like?
• How and why are some places on Earth alike or
different from others?
• How do these things affect human behavior?
In what ways can the following places
impact the how people live?
Things to consider:
1. Farming
2. Water
3. Transportation
4. Housing
5. Clothing
Discuss with your groups.
Geography Notes
• Compass Rose - a picture that shows the four
cardinal directions, north, south, east and west on a
Geography: Definitions
1) Nation – a group of people with a shared
history, culture, and language.
2) Kingdom – a state or government ruled by a
king or queen.
3) Empire – a group of nations or people ruled
over by a emperor or other government.
4) Physical features: The scientific study of the
natural features of the Earth's surface, including
its current aspects, including land formation,
climate, and currents
Name that physical feature
• You are going to see a picture of a natural
• Say aloud what each feature is.
• Write the definition in your notes.
Plains – a near flat portion of land
which can include grasslands.
Ocean – one of the seven main bodies
of salt water.
Mountain Range- a group of
mountains including rugged land that
generally rises higher than 2,000 feet.
Oasis – a small fertile or green area in
a desert region usually fed by a stream
or well.
1) Complete the
Essential Answer
2)World Map
3) DIY Continent
• Tell you partner what your notes were about.
• Be sure to include the things you thought
were the most important.
• Good job, you just did a verbal summary.
• Summary is the next part of Cornell Notes
that we will practice.
Cornell Notes: Summary
 Remember a summary should:
 Restates the main ideas in your own words
 It can also describes your feelings about
the lesson
(i.e. at what point did the lesson make sense to you?
Is there anything you are still confused about?)
 It is written after your notes.
 At the end of class, at home, or sometimes
even the next day.
Cornell Notes Summary
• Let’s watch this Brainpop about Meso-America.
• As you watch, think about what information you
would include in a summary.
Cornell Notes Summary
• Read and discuss: Which summary is better?
The Olmec paved the way for others by introducing art and trade. The Maya
followed the Olmec and developed the only known writing system in
America. The Aztecs settled in Mexico and were famous for being ferocious
warriors. Why are the Aztecs so scary?
Mesoamerica is a cultural area that included several great civilizations, such
as the Olmec, Aztec and Mayan. All three civilizations developed in different
areas and at different times, and they all experienced cultural diffusion in
which ideas, customs, languages, and technologies were shared. Some of
the major similarities they shared were maize, astronomy, mathematics,
games, religion, and human sacrifice. Did they sacrifice their own people?
Mesoamerica is a cultural area that was home to the Olmec, Aztec, and
Mayan civilizations. These civilizations shared maize, or corn, which was the
staple of every Mesoamerican diet. They were also accomplished
astronomers and mathematicians creating a calendar and a number system.
Religion and human sacrifice were also important to all three civilizations.
Cornell Notes Summary
• Now return to your geography Cornell Notes.
1) Skim through your notes again underline/highlight
aspects that you think are important.
2) Read your summary with your partner.
3) Partners, tell them one thing they did well and one
they could improve.
Cornell Notes: Summary
 It should be about four lines in Cornell
 Paraphrase, never copy.
 Excludes outside knowledge or
experiences. Your summary should only be
based off your notes.
 Do not begin with “These notes are about…” or
“Today I learned that…”
Latin America Map
• Use page 385 of your textbook to label the
following features; Yucatan Peninsula, Andes
Mountains, Gulf of Mexico, Amazon Basin,
Amazon River, Pacific Ocean, and the Atlantic
• What you don’t finish is homework.
1) Gather supplies
(Due Friday)
2) Latin America Map
• Get out:
– Name tag
– Planner
– Map
• Begin the quiz on your desk.
– Be sure to only write on the answer sheet, not the
quiz itself.
– When you finish, put it face down on your desk.
Levels of Questions
Notebook Set-up
 Your history notebook is 45% of you grade. You will not pass
the class unless you have it every day.
 Everything we do will be glued into your notebook.
 We will organize our notebook in sections by unit/topic.
 At the end of each unit we will grade your notebook in class.
 To get points you must:
Have all work complete, many assignments will need a stamp to get
Glue all work into the notebook.
Have pages numbered.
Have work on the correct page.
Costa’s Levels of Questions
 Level 1:
 Define
 Describe
 Identify
 List
 Name
 Observe
 Recite
 Scan
 Level 2:
 Level 3: Apply
 Apply
 Compare
 Evaluate
 Contrast
 Hypothesize
 Group
 Imagine
 Infer
 Judge
 Sequence
 Predict
 synthesize
 Speculate
 Analyze
Costa’s Levels of
Level 1: Know
 Who is your
best friend?
Level 2:
Level 3: apply
 What is the best What do you
thing about your think your best
friend will be like
in 10 years?
 Name the first  Compare and  What would you
contrast John
Smith and John
have done
differently if you
were John
Question Game
Try to guess what level each question is.
 Why was Tenochtitlan an important city?
 Level 2 – asking for explanation
 Imagine how Mesoamerica would be different if the
Mayan empire had not fallen?
 Level 3 – asking for application
 What is maize?
 Level 1- Asking for identification
 How were the Aztecs and Mayan similar?
 Level 2 – asking to compare.
Levels of questions review
 Each table will write a question about _________
 Decide what level it is.
 Have students present the question and put in on the
appropriate part of the board.
Leveled Questions
 Go back to your Geography notes.
 At the bottom of the question column
write an upper level question (2 or 3)
about anything in your notes.
 Write the answer to your question next to
it in the notes column of your page.
 This is how we include upper level
questions in our Cornell Notes.