Geography Notes • Today we are going to review some information about geography. We are going to record this information in notes. • You may need to draw pictures…that’s okay, you can draw them in your notes too. • Now let’s learn how we take notes in this class. Topic: Unit: Essential Question: Questions: Notes: 2 1/2” Answer: Essential Answer: 3 to 4 sentence summary across the bottom of notes Summary: Cornell Notes: Format Right side: The “information” side. It’s where you write information given to you in a lecture, video, text, etc. Don’t copy word for word. You are encouraged to use: Abbreviations Phrases Bullets Pictures Cornell Notes: Format Left side: The “processing” side. This is where you analyze the notes and write questions that are answered by the information on the right side. Key to remember: The left and right sides are related to each other. Cornell Notes: Summary/Essential Answer Write a summary that: Restates the main ideas covered in the notes in your own words or; Usually 2-4 MAIN IDEAS of a PowerPoint Written at the bottom of each page. At the end of class or at home. Cornell Notes: Summary/Essential Answer Answer the Essential Question: All PPT notes will have an Essential Questions. Their purpose is to concentrate the Topic we are discussing. In the Essential Answer your goal is to pin point the major idea of the topic. Topic: Geography Unit: Week 1 Essential Question: How does geography influence people? What is Geography? • Geography literally means "earth description." Geography seeks answers to questions that include: • Where are things located? • Why are they there? • What is their significance? • What is a particular location or region like? • How and why are some places on Earth alike or different from others? • How do these things affect human behavior? In what ways can the following places impact the how people live? Things to consider: 1. Farming 2. Water 3. Transportation 4. Housing 5. Clothing Discuss with your groups. Geography Notes • Compass Rose - a picture that shows the four cardinal directions, north, south, east and west on a map. Geography Never Eat Shredded Wheat Geography: Definitions 1) Nation – a group of people with a shared history, culture, and language. 2) Kingdom – a state or government ruled by a king or queen. 3) Empire – a group of nations or people ruled over by a emperor or other government. 4) Physical features: The scientific study of the natural features of the Earth's surface, including its current aspects, including land formation, climate, and currents Name that physical feature • You are going to see a picture of a natural feature. • Say aloud what each feature is. • Write the definition in your notes. Plains – a near flat portion of land which can include grasslands. Ocean – one of the seven main bodies of salt water. Mountain Range- a group of mountains including rugged land that generally rises higher than 2,000 feet. Oasis – a small fertile or green area in a desert region usually fed by a stream or well. 1) Complete the Essential Answer 2)World Map 3) DIY Continent Pair-Share • Tell you partner what your notes were about. • Be sure to include the things you thought were the most important. • Good job, you just did a verbal summary. • Summary is the next part of Cornell Notes that we will practice. Cornell Notes: Summary Remember a summary should: Restates the main ideas in your own words It can also describes your feelings about the lesson (i.e. at what point did the lesson make sense to you? Is there anything you are still confused about?) It is written after your notes. At the end of class, at home, or sometimes even the next day. Cornell Notes Summary • Let’s watch this Brainpop about Meso-America. • As you watch, think about what information you would include in a summary. Cornell Notes Summary • Read and discuss: Which summary is better? Why? 1. 2. 3. The Olmec paved the way for others by introducing art and trade. The Maya followed the Olmec and developed the only known writing system in America. The Aztecs settled in Mexico and were famous for being ferocious warriors. Why are the Aztecs so scary? Mesoamerica is a cultural area that included several great civilizations, such as the Olmec, Aztec and Mayan. All three civilizations developed in different areas and at different times, and they all experienced cultural diffusion in which ideas, customs, languages, and technologies were shared. Some of the major similarities they shared were maize, astronomy, mathematics, games, religion, and human sacrifice. Did they sacrifice their own people? Mesoamerica is a cultural area that was home to the Olmec, Aztec, and Mayan civilizations. These civilizations shared maize, or corn, which was the staple of every Mesoamerican diet. They were also accomplished astronomers and mathematicians creating a calendar and a number system. Religion and human sacrifice were also important to all three civilizations. Cornell Notes Summary • Now return to your geography Cornell Notes. 1) Skim through your notes again underline/highlight aspects that you think are important. 2) Read your summary with your partner. 3) Partners, tell them one thing they did well and one they could improve. Cornell Notes: Summary It should be about four lines in Cornell Notes. Paraphrase, never copy. Excludes outside knowledge or experiences. Your summary should only be based off your notes. Do not begin with “These notes are about…” or “Today I learned that…” Latin America Map • Use page 385 of your textbook to label the following features; Yucatan Peninsula, Andes Mountains, Gulf of Mexico, Amazon Basin, Amazon River, Pacific Ocean, and the Atlantic Ocean. • What you don’t finish is homework. • DO NOT COLOR! 1) Gather supplies (Due Friday) 2) Latin America Map Warm-up • Get out: – Name tag – Planner – Map • Begin the quiz on your desk. – Be sure to only write on the answer sheet, not the quiz itself. – When you finish, put it face down on your desk. Levels of Questions Notebook Set-up Your history notebook is 45% of you grade. You will not pass the class unless you have it every day. Everything we do will be glued into your notebook. We will organize our notebook in sections by unit/topic. At the end of each unit we will grade your notebook in class. To get points you must: Have all work complete, many assignments will need a stamp to get points. Glue all work into the notebook. Have pages numbered. Have work on the correct page. Costa’s Levels of Questions Level 1: Know Define Describe Identify List Name Observe Recite Scan Level 2: Level 3: Apply Process Apply Compare Evaluate Contrast Hypothesize Group Imagine Infer Judge Sequence Predict synthesize Speculate Analyze Costa’s Levels of Questions Level 1: Know Who is your best friend? Level 2: process Level 3: apply What is the best What do you thing about your think your best friend? friend will be like in 10 years? Name the first Compare and What would you permanent English Colony. contrast John Smith and John Rolfe’s leadership styles. have done differently if you were John Smith? Question Game Try to guess what level each question is. Why was Tenochtitlan an important city? Level 2 – asking for explanation Imagine how Mesoamerica would be different if the Mayan empire had not fallen? Level 3 – asking for application What is maize? Level 1- Asking for identification How were the Aztecs and Mayan similar? Level 2 – asking to compare. Levels of questions review Each table will write a question about _________ Decide what level it is. Have students present the question and put in on the appropriate part of the board. Leveled Questions Go back to your Geography notes. At the bottom of the question column write an upper level question (2 or 3) about anything in your notes. Write the answer to your question next to it in the notes column of your page. This is how we include upper level questions in our Cornell Notes.