MARLENE DIETRICH Madeleine -- Jaime Baccari Born: December 27th, 1901 Father: Louis Erich Otto Dietrich Mother: Wilhelmina Elisabeth Josephine Felsing Sister: Elisabeth SCHOOL Had a privileged childhood Did not enjoy school Had many out of school lessons Loved languages and History, not math Her favorite subject was French French teacher was taken away and she was no longer allowed to learn French. “Each time I was punished for speaking French (the language of our enemy) and had to drop 10 pfennigs into the class till, this donation was made in her name.” Marlene was expelled from summer classes for giving out roses on Bastille Day. “ Today is the fourteenth of July. I thought the roses would make you happy.” “Logic is the key to an all-inclusive spiritual well being.” Marlene was sent to a boarding school in Weimar, Germany Music student, played violin until she was injured. After she stopped playing violin she decided to become an actress. ACTING SCHOOL Attended Max Reinhardt acting school in Berlin Took on small acting parts in theatre Met her husband soon after starting acting school. They were married after one year of engagement Had daughter Maria on December 13th, 1924 JOSEF VON STERNBERG Director Knew all aspects of making a movie and passed them on to Marlene. “I didn’t discover Dietrich, I am a teacher, and this beautiful woman came to that teacher’s attention. He shaped her appearance, high-lighted her charm, minimized her defects, and molded her into an aphrodisiacal phenomenon.” Films Made With Sternberg The Blue Angel Morocco Blonde Venus Scarlett Empress Dishonored Devil is a Woman Shanghai Express THE BLUE ANGEL Made in both English and German Filmed in Berlin She earned only $5,000 for this movie. “His proposal, with its underlying assumption that I might fail at something, shocked me. And I hated failure of any kind. So it was up to me to prove my worth, that I could do it.” The Blue Angel Blonde Venus Dishonored Blonde Venus Shanghai Express Devil Is a Woman Morocco Scarlet Empress Mae West was her greatest influence Loved cooking “When you want to have a say in the matter, you yourself must be able to carry out the instruction you give to others.” “Money means nothing to me when feelings are involved.” WWII Became American citizen Joined army Was awarded medals from both France and America. “There was an icy silence, which I finally broke: “Do I rightly understand that you refuse to have Mr. von Sternberg make a film in your country (I said: ‘your country’) because he’s Jewish?” Suddenly they all began to stir and to talk at the same time: “You are infected by American propaganda. There is no antiSemitism in Germany…” FRIENDS “The moment you experience the blessing of a friendship you have the sacred duty to obey its laws.” After WWII Marlene thrived in her singing career A documentary was made in 1983. Spent her last 20 years as just a mother and grandmother. Marlene Dietrich passed away May 6th, 1992. WORKS CITED Media: Blonde Venus. Dir. Sternberg Josef Von. Perf. Marlene Dietrich. Paramount Publix Corp., 1932. DVD. Marlene. Dir. Maximilian Schell. Perf. Marlene Dietrich. 1984. The Blue Angel (1930) . Dir. Josef Von Sternberg. Perf. Marlene Dietrich and Emil Jannings. Universum Film, 1930. DVD. Morocco. Dir. Sternberg Josef Von. Perf. Marlene Dietrich and Gary Videocassette. Cooper. Paramount Pictures, 1930. The Scarlet Empress. Dir. Josef Von Sternberg. Perf. Marlene Dietrich. Paramount Productions, 1934. Videocassette. Judgment at Nuremberg. Dir. Stanley Kramer. United Artists, 1961. Destry Rides Again. Dir. George Marshall. Perf. Marlene Dietrich and James Stewart. Universal Pictures, 1939. DVD WORKS CITED Books: Chandler, Charlotte. Marlene: Marlene Dietrich, a Personal Biography. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2011. Print. Dietrich, Marlene. Marlene Dietrich's ABC. New York, NY: Ungar, 1984. Print. Dietrich, Marlene. Marlene. Trans. Salvator Attanasio. New York: Grove, 1989. Print. Naudet, Jean-Jaques, Maria Riva, and Werner Sudendorf. Marlene Dietrich: Photographs and Memories : from the Marlene Dietrich Collection of the FilmMuseum Berlin. New York: A.A. Knopf, 2001. Print. Spoto, Donald. Falling in Love Again, Marlene Dietrich. Boston: Little, Brown, 1985. Print.