CITR - Warm-up
Correct the following sentences
1. He had a piercing on his nose, It was obvious that thing like
earring wasn’t his style.
2. By his shows, he always want to take attention on him. He
was a exhibitionist.
3. He pretended like he is an exhibitionist and tell all functions
of this new machine.
4. After her secret relationship was revealed, her friends have
lost their faith in her and ostracized her.
5. He always start a fight and other children don’t want him in
their group, they ostracized him from the group.
Tuesday, February 16th
CITR Grammar and vocabulary #2
Share Pastiche
Salinger Presentation
Close reading of first chapter and
discussion of Holden
• Homework: Find five quotes for
assigned chunk that helps define
Review of Verb Tense
To Walk
Simple Present: They walk
Present Perfect: They have walked
Simple Past: They walked
Past Perfect: They had walked
Future: They will walk
Future Perfect: They will have walked
• Note: Problems in sequencing tenses usually occur
with the perfect tenses, all of which are formed by
adding an auxiliary verb like be, can, do, may,
must, ought, shall, will, has, have, had.
Present Perfect
• Present Perfect: Past participle with has or have.
Action began in the past, but has continued to the
1. Betty taught for ten years. (simple past)
2. Betty has taught for ten years (present perfect)
1. John did his homework. He can go to the movies.
2. If John has done his homework, he can go to the movies.
Past Perfect
Past Perfect: The action is in the past, but the action
has been completed before another one.
1. John raised vegetables and later sold them (past)
2. John sold vegetables that he had raised (past
1. Renee washed the car when George arrived.
(simple past)
2. Renee had washed the car when George arrived
(past perfect)
Future Perfect
Future Perfect: The action will have been
completed at a specified time in the future.
1. Saturday I will finish my homework.
(simple future)
2. By Saturday noon, I will have finished my
housework. (future perfect)
The importance of maintaining
tense in a sentence.
• 1. The ocean contains rich minerals
that washed down from rivers and
• Contains is present tense, referring to a
current state; washed down is past, but
should be present (wash down) because
the minerals are currently continuing to
wash down.
2. About noon the sky darkened, a
breeze sprang up, and a low rumble
announces the approaching storm.
Darkened and sprang up are past tense
verbs; announces is present but should
be past (announced) to maintain
consistency within the time frame.
Corrected: About noon the sky
darkened, a breeze sprang up, and a
low rumble announced the
approaching storm.
3. Yesterday we had walked to school
but later rode the bus home.
Had walked is past perfect tense but
should be past to maintain consistency
within the time frame (yesterday); rode
is past, referring to an action completed
before the current time frame.
Corrected: Yesterday we walked to
school but later rode the bus home.
Early Life
Early Life
• Jerome David Salinger was born in Manhattan on New
Year’s Day in 1919
• His Father was a prosperous Jewish importer of cheese and
his mother was Scotch-Irish, who was also Jewish but had
converted when she married his father.
• He had one older sister named Doris. She died in 2001.
• Similarly to Holden, he grew up in a nice apartment on
Park Avenue.
• In his childhood he was called Sonny.
•Attended McBurney school on Upper West Side until he
was kicked out.
Preparatory School and Valley Forge
Military Academy (1937 - 1938)
He was flunked out of McBurney School and was sent to Valley Forge
Military Academy.
He was happy to get away from his over protective mother. He was
interested in drama and also began to write stories “under the covers,
with the aid of a flashlight.”
Started his freshman year at New York University in 1936, but
dropped out the following spring. He was sent to Vienna, Austria
to learn about the meat-importing business.
He left Vienna shortly before it was taken over by Germany in
He attended Ursinus College in Pennsylvania for one semester.
Story Magazine and Whit Burnett
Salinger decided to take an evening writing class at Columbia
University taught by Whit Burnett.
According to Burnett, Salinger was not very productive
until the end of the semester when he wrote three short
Burnett published Salinger’s first story in Story Magazine.
“The Young Folks”
“You know something, Edna said abruptly, you
remind me a lot of this boy I used to go
around with last summer. I mean the way you
look and all. And Barry was your build almost
exactly. You know. Wiry.”
“Little Oona’s hopelessly in
love with little Oona.”
The New Yorker
In 1941, Salinger began submitting stories to The New
Yorker, a literary magazine. They rejected three of his short
stories including one titled, “I went to School with Adolf
The Creation of Holden Caulfield
“Slight Rebellion off Madison”
was a short story about a young
teenager with pre-war jitters. It
was accepted by The New Yorker
in December of 1941.
It did not appear in the magazine
until 1946.
The New Yorker decided not to publish “Slight Rebellion off of
Madison” because of the Pearl Harbor attack on the United States.
Salinger was drafted into the Army slightly after the US entered WWII.
Salinger was active at Utah Beach on D-Day and in the Battle of the
The Emotional Effects of War
“You never really get the smell of burning flesh out
of your nose entirely, no matter how long you live.”
“Jesus, what a helluva talent”
The Young Folks
In 1946, after his failure to his first wife Sylvia, Whit
Burnett agreed to help Salinger publish a collection of
short stories through Story Press’s publishing company.
“A Perfect Day for a Bananafish”
Hunting Hat
When Salinger submitted this story to The New Yorker
it was immediately accepted for publication
The New Yorker signed Salinger to a contract that
allowed them the right of first refusal to any of all of his
future stories.
The Glass Family
Beatrice - actually a
Salinger sold the movie rights for the story
“Uncle Wiggily in Connecticut,” in the
hopes that it would make a good movie.
The Catcher in the Rye
Published July 16th, 1951
Spent thirty weeks on the NYT Bestseller List
Plot Overview
Holden Caulfield is kicked out
of preparatory school and
instead of returning home, he
heads to New York City.
Holden visits different
locations throughout the
city and interacts with a
variety of different
characters as he tries to deal
with the pressures of society
and adulthood.
The Catcher Cult
The counterculture book for adolescents that was a
manual for teen angst and rebellion.
Banned Book List
"In 1978 parents in Issaquah, Washington, became upset
with the rebellious views expressed in the novel by
Holden Caulfield and with the profanity he uses. The
woman who led the parents' group asserted that she had
counted 785 uses of profanity, and she alleged that the
philosophy of the book marked it as part of a Communist
plot that was gaining a foothold in the schools, 'in which a
lot of people are used and may not even be aware of it.'
The school board voted to ban the book, but the decision
was later reversed when the three members who had
voted against the book were recalled due to illegal dealmaking. In 1979, the Middleville, Michigan, school district
removed the novel from the required reading list after
parents objected to the content."
“The only person who might
have ever played Holden
Caulfield would have been JD
Religious Beliefs
For many years Salinger practiced Zenn Budhism
After writing Catcher, in 1952, he discovered
Ramakrishna's Advaita Vendanta Hinduism
The Recluse
Once popularity grew for CITR, Salinger began to remove
himself from society.
He moved from New York to Cornish, New
New Hampshire
New York
He became friends with local high school
students who used to come over and listen to
Marriage and Family
June, 1955 Salinger married a Radcliff student named Claire
Douglas. They had two children, Margaret and Matt.
Franny and Zooey
Salinger published Franny and Zooey in 1961
Joyce Maynard
In 1972, Salinger had an affair
with Joyce Maynard.
He was 53 and she was 18.
She was already a writer for
Seventeen Magazine.
Wrote an article called “An
Eighteen Year Old Looks Back
on Life,” which made her
Influence on Society
• Mark David Chapman - assassinated John
• Influenced many writers.
• “I almost always write about young
• Just recently died of natural causes on
January 27th
• In order to maintain his privacy, there
was not a service.
• Not at home in the world.
Works Cited