Health Hazards
&
HAZCOM - GHS
Developed by:
Construction Safety Council
4100 Madison Street
Hillside, IL 60162
(800) 552-7744
www.buildsafe.org
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Welcome to…
Health Hazards in Construction
Construction & utility workers are
exposed to a variety of health hazards
everyday. These men and women
have the potential for becoming sick,
ill and disabled for life.
Learn the health hazards on your job
and know how to protect yourself…
Sadly, these health hazards (e.g.,
dangerous dust and other chemicals)
can be unexpectedly brought home…
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Learning Objective
TLO:Comply with OSHA’s new Hazard Communication
Standard (HCS) and function within the Globally
Harmonized System of Classification & Labeling of
Chemicals.
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Learning Objective
EO: Identify the purpose, scope, benefits, elements and effective
dates of GHS.
EO: Compare and contrast GHS with HCS.
EO: Define the 16 physical and 10 health hazard classifications.
EO: Describe the requirements of a 16-section SDS.
EO: List the new label requirements.
EO: Identify controls to eliminate and/or reduce exposure to
hazards.
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Effective Dates
• Dec. 1, 2013 – Train employees on the new label
elements and SDS format.
• Dec. 1, 2015 – Shipment of products with old system
ends.
• June 1, 2016 – Full implementation.
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Why Change?
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Existing Requirements
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Consumer Product Safety Commission
Department of Commerce
Department of Transportation
Food and Drug Administration
Environmental Protection Agency
Occupational Safety & Health Administration
Department of Agriculture
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
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National Fire Protection Association (NFPA
704M)
Red
Blue
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1
White
0
Yellow
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Hazardous Materials Identification System
• Developed by the National
Paint and Coatings
Association (NPCA).
• A numerical hazard rating
that incorporates the use of
labels with color-coded
bars.
• A special code identifying
appropriate personal
protective equipment (PPE)
is also listed.
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DOT
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Conflicting Definitions
§1926.155 – Definitions to Subpart F
Flammable liquids defined as having a flash point below
140°F.
§1910.1200 – Definitions (HAZCOM 1994)
Liquid, flammable defined as having a flash point below
100°F.
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HCS 2012
29 CFR 1910.1200
Appendix A: Health Hazard Criteria
Appendix B: Physical Hazard Criteria
Appendix C: Allocation of Label Elements
Appendix D: Safety Data Sheets
Appendix E: Definition of Trade Secret
Appendix F: Hazard Classifications Regarding
Carcinogenicity
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HCS 2012 (Purpose & Scope)
• Ensure that the hazards of all chemicals are classified.
• Information concerning the classified hazards is
transmitted to employees.
– Hazard Communication Program
– Labeling
– Safety Data Sheets (SDS)
– Training
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New Definitions (HCS 2012)
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Classification
Hazard category
Hazard class
Hazard not otherwise classified “Unclassified Hazard”
Hazard statement
Label elements
Pictogram
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New Definitions (HCS 2012)
• Precautionary statement
• Product identifier
• Pyrophoric Gas
– Arsine
– Acetylene
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Safety data sheet
Signal word
Simple asphyxiant
Substance
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Deleted Definitions (HCS 1994)
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Combustible Liquid
Compressed Gas
Explosive
Flammable
Flashpoint
Hazard Warning
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Deleted Definitions (HCS 1994)
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Identity
Material Safety Data Sheet
Organic Peroxide
Oxidizer
Pyrophoric
Unstable (Reactive)
Water-reactive
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Side By-Side Comparison
HCS 1994
• Assess
• Evaluate
• Determine
HCS 1994
• Material Safety Data
Sheet (MSDS)
HCS 2012
• Classify
HCS 2012
• Safety Data Sheet (SDS)
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Revisions to Other OSHA Standards
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Formaldehyde (1910.1048)
Asbestos (1910.1001, 1915.1001 & 1926.1101)
Benzene (1910.1028)
HAZWOPER (1910.120 & 1926.65)
PSM (1910.119 & 1926.64)
Flammable Liquids – Indoor Storage (1926.152)
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Revision Example
§1926.152 – Flammable Liquids (indoor storage)
Not more than 60 gallons of flammable or 120 gallons of
combustible liquids shall be stored in any one storage
cabinet…
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Revision Example
§1926.152 – Flammable Liquids (indoor storage)
Not more than 60 gallons of Category 1, 2 and/or 3
flammable liquids or 120 gallons of Category 4 flammable
liquids shall be stored in any one storage cabinet…
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The Globally Harmonized System of Classification &
Labeling of Chemicals
Gas
Oxidizer
Aquatic Hazard
Explosive
Irritant & Sensitizer
Flammable
Acute Toxicity
Corrosive
Chronic Health Hazard
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Hazard Class
Means the nature of the physical or health
hazard, e.g., flammable solid, carcinogen,
oral acute toxicity.
Hazard Category
The division of criteria within each hazard class.
These categories compare hazard severity within a
hazard class and should not be taken as a
comparison of hazard categories more generally.
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Hazard Class/Category Example
Hazard Class - Flammable
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Hazard Class/Category Example
Hazard Class - Flammable
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Physical Hazards
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Explosives
Flammable Gas
Flammable Aerosols
Oxidizing Gases
Gases Under Pressure
Flammable Liquid
Flammable Solid
Self-Reactive Substances
• Pyrophoric Solid
• Self-Heating Substances
• Contact with Water Emits
Flammable Gas
• Oxidizing Liquids
• Oxidizing Solids
• Organic Peroxides
• Corrosive to Metal
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Health Hazards
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Acute Toxicity
Skin Corrosion
Skin Irritation
Serious Eye Damage
Eye Irritation
Respiratory Sensitizer
Skin Sensitizer
Germ Cell Mutagenicity
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Carcinogenicity
Reproductive Toxicity
Specific Target Organ Toxicity
Aspiration Hazard
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Hazard Symbols & Classes
Gas
Oxidizer
Aquatic Hazard
Explosive
Irritant & Sensitizer
Flammable
Acute Toxicity
Corrosive
Chronic Health Hazard
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Recognition of Hazards
• What do you see?
– Visible material in
the air
– Settled dust
– Warning signs,
labels & decals
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Anticipation of Health Hazards
• knowing the history of the work involved.
• Worker experience and education.
To anticipate hazards:
• Survey job-site
conditions
• Be aware of the
actions and behaviors
of workers.
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Responsibility to Self & Family
Occupational health hazards can unexpectedly be brought home; wear
personal protective equipment (PPE) on the job and do not bring home
health hazards that can harm your family!
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Health Hazard
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Carcinogen
Mutagenicity
Reproductive Toxicity
Respiratory Sensitizer
Target Organ Toxicity
Aspiration Toxicity
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Flame
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Flammable
Pyrophorics
Self-Heating
Emits Flammable Gas
Self-Reactives
Organic Peroxides
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Exclamation Mark
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Irritant (skin & eyes)
Skin Sensitizer
Acute Toxicity
Narcotic Effects
Respiratory Tract
Irritant
• Hazardous to Ozone
Layer (Non-Mandatory)
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Gas Cylinder
• Gases Under Pressure
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Corrosion
• Skin Corrosion/Burns
• Eye Damage
• Corrosive to Metals
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Exploding Bomb
• Explosives
• Self-Reactives
• Organic Peroxides
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Flame Over Circle
• Oxidizers
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Environment
• Aquatic Toxicity
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Skull & Crossbones
• Acute Toxicity (fatal or toxic)
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Safety Data Sheets (Sections)
1. Identification
2. Hazard(s) identification
3. Composition/information on
ingredients
4. First-aid measures
5. Fire-fighting measures
6. Accidental release measures
7. Handling and storage
8. Exposure controls/personal
protection
9.
10.
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12.
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16.
Physical and chemical properties
Stability and reactivity
Toxicological information
Ecological information
Disposal considerations
Transport information
Regulatory information
Other information
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Label
An appropriate group of written, printed or graphic information
elements concerning a hazardous chemical, that is affixed to,
printed on, or attached to the immediate container of a hazardous
chemical, or to the outside packaging.
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Pictogram
Hazard Statement
Signal Word
Precautionary Statement
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Single Word
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DANGER
WARNING
CAUTION
NOTICE
HCS 2012
• DANGER
• WARNING
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Labels & Other Forms of Warning
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Product identifier
Signal word (Danger or Warning)
(f)(1)(iii) Hazard statement(s);
(f)(1)(iv) Pictogram(s);
(f)(1)(v) Precautionary statement(s); and,
(f)(1)(vi) Name, address, and telephone number of the
chemical manufacturer, importer, or other responsible
party.
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Contractors Guide to HCS Compliance
• Become familiar with the OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR
1910.1200)
• Prepare and implement a Hazard Communication Program.
• Assign a competent person to implement all aspects of the Program.
• Identify all hazardous chemicals in the workplace.
• Labels and other forms of warning must be in place.
• Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) available.
• Employee information and training conducted.
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