How to do a DBQ
Nationalism
What a DBQ is
DBQ stands for Document Based Question. This means
that the question you will ultimately answer at the end in
essay form is based upon the documents you’re being
given to work with.
A DBQ is just like a regular essay, except that you’ve
been given some materials to help support your answer.
What a DBQ is not
•DBQ is not simply a list of documents.
•DBQ is not the answers to the scaffolding questions
•DBQ is not BBQ misspelled.
Getting Started
First, let’s look at the DBQ we’ve been assigned. Just look at
the first page and nothing else. STOP LOOKING AT THE
DOCUMENTS!!!!! I said the first page and nothing else.
The first page
Part III
A basic description of
what you will be asked
to do.
This question is based on the accompanying documents (1–7). The question is designed to test your
DOCUMENT-BASED QUESTION
ability to work with historical documents. Some of these documents have been edited for the purposes
of this question. As you analyze the documents, take into account the source of each document and any
point of view that may be presented in the document.
Historical Context:
Nationalism is a powerful force that can have positive and negative effects on
nations and regions.
Task: Using information from the documents and your knowledge of global history,
The historical context.
Here to give you a little
background on the topic,
NOT TO BE COPIED
DOWN AS YOUR
INTRO!!!
answer the questions that follow each document in Part A. Your answers to the
questions will help you write the Part B essay in which you will be asked to:
• Define the term nationalism
• Discuss how nationalism has had positive and/or negative effects on specific
nations and/or regions
• Evaluate whether nationalism in general has had a more positive or a more
negative impact on the people of the world
The questions you
need to answer
Historical Context
The first step
Nationalism is a powerful force that can have positive and negative effects on
nations and regions.
Task: Using information from the documents and your knowledge of global history,
answer the questions that follow each document in Part A. Your answers to the
Once you’ve read the
instructions and the
historical context, start
here.
questions will help you write the Part B essay in which you will be asked to:
• Define the term nationalism
• Discuss how nationalism has had positive and/or negative effects on specific
nations and/or regions
• Evaluate whether nationalism in general has had a more positive or a more
negative impact on the people of the world
What questions will you need to answer in order to
successfully write this essay?
Click here if the first
question is “What is
nationalism?”
Click here if the first
question is “Was nationalism
a positive force?”
Click here if the first question
is something else…
Not this time Keemosabi. The answer was on the board.
Click here to go
back to the previous
slide.
Not a bad guess, we’ll use a
question similar to that one later on.
Click here to go back to the
previous slide and try again.
Nice Job!
Click here to put the
question onto your outline
and continue.
Your Outline
Question
Intro
Body 1
Body 2
Conc.
What is
nationalism?
Answer
What:
Where:
When:
How:
Why:
Click here when you’re ready to move on
Document/Outside Info
The next step
Task: Using information from the documents and your knowledge of global history,
answer the questions that follow each document in Part A. Your answers to the
questions will help you write the Part B essay in which you will be asked to:
• Define the term nationalism
• Discuss how nationalism has had positive and/or negative effects on specific
nations and/or regions
• Evaluate whether nationalism in general has had a more positive or a more
negative impact on the people of the world
What questions will you need to answer next in order to
successfully write this essay?
Click here if the next
question is “How was
nationalism positive?”
Click here if the next
question is “How was
nationalism negative?”
Click here if the next question
is “How was nationalism
positive (or negative) for a
specific place?”
Slow down skippy, look at the task more carefully.
Click here to go
back to the previous
slide.
Not bad, you’re close. Go back to
the previous slide and read the task
more carefully.
Somebody call 911’ cause you’re
on fire!
Remember when it’s time to write the essay you’ll need to
select positive or negative and you’ll need to select a
specific nation or region.
Click here to put the
question onto your outline
and continue.
Your Outline
Question
Intro
Body 1
Body 2
Conc.
What is
nationalism?
How was
nationalism
positive (or
negative) for a
specific region?
Answer
What:
Where:
When:
How:
Why:
Click here when you’re ready to move on
Document/Outside Info
The next next step
Task: Using information from the documents and your knowledge of global history,
answer the questions that follow each document in Part A. Your answers to the
questions will help you write the Part B essay in which you will be asked to:
• Define the term nationalism
• Discuss how nationalism has had positive and/or negative effects on specific
nations and/or regions
• Evaluate whether nationalism in general has had a more positive or a more
negative impact on the people of the world
What questions will you need to answer next in order to
successfully write this essay?
Click here if the next
question is “Was
nationalism more positive
or negative for the world?”
Click here if the next
question is “How was
nationalism negative?”
Click here if the next question
is “How was nationalism
positive (or negative) for a
specific place?”
Congratulations!
Well done, you correctly identified that little letter “S”
at the end of the words nationS or regionS. It’s
obvious that you know the meaning of that letter “S”
and that when it appears at the end of a word you’ll
need to give more than one example.
Click here to put the
question onto your outline
and continue.
Go back to the previous slide and
read the task more carefully.
Take it easy junior, don’t rush to the conclusion so
quickly, this essay needs some body….
Click here to go
back to the previous
slide.
Your Outline
Question
Intro
Body 1
Body 2
Conc.
What is
nationalism?
How was
nationalism
positive (or
negative) for a
specific region?
How was
nationalism
positive (or
negative) for a
specific region?
Answer
What:
Where:
When:
How:
Why:
Click here when you’re ready to move on
Document/Outside Info
The final first step
Task: Using information from the documents and your knowledge of global history,
answer the questions that follow each document in Part A. Your answers to the
questions will help you write the Part B essay in which you will be asked to:
• Define the term nationalism
• Discuss how nationalism has had positive and/or negative effects on specific
nations and/or regions
• Evaluate whether nationalism in general has had a more positive or a more
negative impact on the people of the world
What questions will you need to answer next in order to
successfully write this essay?
Click here if the next
question is “Was
nationalism more positive
or negative for the people
of the world?”
Click here if the next
question is “Was nationalism
negative or positive?”
Click here if the next question
is “Who was Otto Von
Bismarck?”
Check out the big brain on Brad!
Well done! You have successfully phrased your
conclusion question.
Click here to put the
question onto your outline
and continue.
You’re close, go back to the
previous slide and read the task
more carefully.
I am notorious, but I am not ze answer zis time!
Mwahahahah I am ze evil genius the notorious O.V.B.
Click here to go
back to the previous
slide.
Your Outline
Question
Intro
Body 1
Body 2
Conc.
What is
nationalism?
How was
nationalism
positive (or
negative) for a
specific region?
How was
nationalism
positive (or
negative) for a
specific region?
Was nationalism a
positive or
negative force for
the people of the
world?
Answer
What:
Where:
When:
How:
Why:
Click here when you’re ready to move on
Document/Outside Info
Your outline is done…
Click here if you need to go back to
copy anything down.
Otherwise it is now time to move on.
The next step is to take a minute and
try to answer the questions on your
own without even looking at the
documents. STOP THAT! I SAID
DO NOT LOOK AT THE
DOCUMENTS. Go on to the next
slide and follow the directions.
Click here when
you’re done.
Time to brainstorm
Brainstorming is taking a second to organize what you
know about a topic before moving on. This essay
wants you to focus on nationalism and its positive and
negative effects. Take a minute and make a chart like
the one below and fill it in as much as you can in four
minutes. MAKE SURE YOU LABEL THE LIST,
something like “Brainstorming list” would be fine.
Elements of
nationalism
Positive effects of nationalism
Negative effects of nationalism
Once you’ve completed your chart
click here to move on.
Brainstorm Chart
Hopefully you got a few things for each column. In case you
didn’t I’ll give you a couple now for starters.
Elements of
nationalism
1.
People who share
common language,
religion and
history
2.
Common
geography
3.
Unites people
Positive effects of nationalism
1.
Brings countries together like
Germany and Italy
2.
Helped keep the Jews united as a
people throughout the centuries
Negative effects of nationalism
1.
Can lead to racism
(Holocaust, Arab-Israeli
conflict)
2.
Can start wars (FrancoPrussian War, World War
I)
3.
Can break up countries
(Austria-Hungary)
Add my items to your list and click here to
move on.
Now you can look at the
documents
(Well it’s about time this is a DBQ after all)
But before you do, one simple rule…. Read
everything. The text introducing the document,
the document itself and that little line underneath
the document that tells you who wrote the
document and when. Read it all!
Click here to move
on to document #1
Document #1
. . . Therefore, if we so ardently desire the emancipation [unification] of Italy — if we
declare that in the face of this great question all the petty questions that divide us
must be silenced— it is not only that we may see our country glorious and powerful
but that above all we may elevate her in intelligence and moral development up to
the plane of the most civilized nations. . . .
— Camillo di Cavour, 1846
Question #1
1 According to Camillo di Cavour, what would be one positive result of Italian
unification? [1]
Click here if the answer is “all the
petty questions would be silenced”
Click here if the answer is Italy's
intelligence and moral development
would be equal to that of the most
civilized nations.
Click here if the answer is that
“Italians would have their own
country.
Not bad, but answering a scaffolding question is more
than just picking out a piece of the document to copy.
Think about a possible answer to the question and
then look for that answer in the document. Click here
to go back to the previous slide and read the task more
carefully.
That is true, but look for something in the document that
will give Italians a reason to want to unify.
Click here to go
back to the previous
slide.
Seldom wrong and right again!
Well done, you understood that Cavour was saying that a unified
Italy would take its rightful place amongst the great nations of
the world.
Now decide, is this document refers to a positive effect of
nationalism, an element of nationalism or a negative effect of
nationalism? Make your decision and click below.
Click here once you’ve
assessed what type of
document this is.
If you said positive effect of
nationalism…
You’rrrrrrrrrrrrre rrrrrrrrrright!
Cavour is speaking about the good things that will happen to Italy so take a
second and label the document with the following note.
Positive effect of nationalism
Click here once you’ve
labeled the document to
move on.
Document #2
2A) According to Map A, how did nationalism affect the German states?
2B) According to Map B, how did nationalism affect the Austro–Hungarian
Empire?
Click here if the answers are “By
unifying Austria and destroying
Germany”.
Click here if the answers are “By
unifying Germany and destroying
Austria”.
Click here if the answer is
“Germany was lucky while Austria
Hungary was cold.”
Not bad, but I think you may have flipped around the
answer. Click here to go back to the previous slide
and read the task more carefully.
Go back and take another look. Read the questions
more carefully.
Click here to go
back to the previous
slide.
I don’t know how you do it!
Well done, you correctly analyzed the two pictures.
Now decide, if these documents illustrate a positive effect of
nationalism, an element of nationalism or a negative effect of
nationalism? Make your decision and click below.
Click here once you’ve
assessed what type of a
document this is.
If you said both positive and
negative effects of nationalism…
You’rrrrrrrrrrrrre rrrrrrrrrright!
The maps show opposite results of nationalism. In Germany nationalism
was clearly positive, while the Austro-Hungarian Emperor would probably
think nationalism destroyed his Empire.
Document 2A Positive effect of nationalism
Document 2B Negative effect of nationalism
Click here once you’ve
labeled the document to
move on.
Document #3
3A) How does passage A express Israeli nationalism?
3B) How does passage B express Palestinian nationalism?
Click here if you think both passages
express nationalism by referring to
the history of the specific peoples.
Click here if you think both
passages express nationalism by
referring to the common language
of the specific peoples.
Click here if you think both
passages refer to the specific
peoples controlling the land.
Go back and take another look. Read the questions
more carefully.
Click here to go
back to the previous
slide.
You must be the King of the World!
Well done, you correctly analyzed the two readings.
Now decide, if these documents illustrate a positive effect of
nationalism, an element of nationalism or a negative effect of
nationalism? Make your decision and click below.
Click here once you’ve
assessed what type of a
document this is.
Not bad, but I think you need to reread the documents
more carefully. Click here to go back to the previous
slide and read the task more carefully.
If you said elements of
nationalism…
You’rrrrrrrrrrrrre rrrrrrrrrright!
The two national anthems both express the desire for self-determination by
the Jewish and Palestinian people based on their common land and history.
Document 3A Element of nationalism
Document 3B Element of nationalism
Click here once you’ve
labeled the document to
move on.
Document #4
4) Identify one expression of Chinese nationalism in this passage.
Click here if you think the
document expresses Chinese
nationalism by advocating
(urging) the killing of Christian
converts.
Click here if you think the
document expresses Chinese
nationalism by rejoicing in the
common language of the
Chinese people.
Click here if you think the
document expresses Chinese
nationalism by celebrating the
common cultural heritage of
the Chinese.
Not bad, but I think you need to read the document
more carefully. Click here to go back to the previous
slide and read the task more carefully.
Not bad, but I think you need to read the document
more carefully. The author does not mention the
common language of the Chinese. Click here to go
back to the previous slide and read the task more
carefully.
Go back and take another look. Read the document
more carefully. The author does not mention much
about the common heritage of the Chinese.
Click here to go
back to the previous
slide.
Are these questions too easy for you?
This was a tricky one. By advocating the killing of Christian converts the
author is appealing to the common religion and ancestry of the Chinese nation.
Now decide if these documents illustrate a positive effect of nationalism, an
element of nationalism or a negative effect of nationalism? Make your decision
and click below.
Click here once you’ve assessed
what type of a document this is.
If you said elements of
nationalism…
You’rrrrrrrrrrrrre rrrrrrrrrright!
Even though you could say the killing of people over religion is a negative
expression of nationalism (and you’d be correct in saying that) the author is
using religion (an element of nationalism) to create national unity. You can
use this document to illustrate either point, however, it is intended to discuss
the elements of nationalism.
Document 4 Element of nationalism
or
Negative effect of nationalism
Click here once you’ve
labeled the document to
move on.
Document #5
5) Based on the document, identify one criticism Gandhi expressed about
British rule.
Click here if you think Gandhi
is saying that the British are
taking the resources of India
Click here if you think Gandhi
is saying that Britain has
made a virtual slave out of
India.
Click here if you think Gandhi
is saying that he is grateful for
British rule.
Not bad, but I think you need to reread the document
more carefully. Your selection is correct, but Gandhi
does not mention resources in the document.
You must have satellite T.V. up on
that igloo of yours!
Gandhi is listing many complaints against the British, making India into a
virtual slave is just one. Gandhi also says British rule is making India poor, the
best government jobs go only to the British and that the British are disrespectful
of the Indians amongst other things.
Now decide if this document illustrates a positive effect of nationalism, an
element of nationalism or a negative effect of nationalism? Make your decision
and click below.
Click here once you’ve assessed
what type of a document this is.
Go back and take another look. Read the document and
the question more carefully.
Click here to go
back to the previous
slide.
If you said negative effect of
nationalism…
You’rrrrrrrrrrrrre rrrrrrrrrright!
Gandhi is an Indian living in India under British rule; he truly sees
the dark underside of imperialism and what it is like to live under
the rule of another nation.
Document 5 Negative effect of nationalism
Click here once you’ve
labeled the document to
move on.
Document #6
6) According to these maps, how did nationalism affect the continent of Africa
between 1952 and 1975?
Click here if you think
nationalism affected the map of
Africa because many nations
changed their national anthems
between 1952 and 1975.
Click here if you think
nationalism affected the map
of Africa by the removal of all
of the European languages
Click here if you think
nationalism affected the map
of Africa by the removal of
the European powers and the
independence of many new
African nations.
Be careful. Try to avoid answer using words like
“always” and “never.” Also there is no information on
the map specifically about languages. Try again.
Click here to go
back to the previous
slide.
Not bad, it is true that many of the new (hint keyword
“new”) African nations changed their national
anthems, that information is not available on the map.
Reread the choices and make a selection based upon
the document.
Who cares about the rain, you’re
walking on sunshine!
The end of European imperialism meant independence for all the former
colonies in Africa. This map shows Africa prior to de-colonization and its
immediate results.
Now decide if this document illustrates a positive effect of nationalism, an
element of nationalism or a negative effect of nationalism? Make your decision
and click below.
Click here once you’ve assessed
what type of a document this is.
If you said positive effect of
nationalism…
You’rrrrrrrrrrrrre rrrrrrrrrright!
The end of imperialism and the birth of all these new nations in
Africa is a good thing. Remember one of the goals of nationalism
is self-determination.
Document 6 Positive effect of nationalism
Click here once you’ve
labeled the document to
move on.
Document #7
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Based on this document, identify two examples of nationalistic conflict.
Based on this document, identify one cause of these nationalistic conflicts.
Click here if you think the
conflicts are listed in lines 3-5
and the causes are listed in lines
8 and 9.
Click here if you think the
conflicts are listed in lines 1-3
and the causes are listed in
lines 6 and 7.
Click here if you think the
conflicts are listed in lines 810 and the causes are listed in
lines 2 & 3.
Be careful. Reread the document more carefully this
time. Try again.
Click here to go
back to the previous
slide.
You have shown an uncanny ability to
deductively reason and demonstrated an
uncommon perspicacity, in other words you’re
mad smart yo!
Now decide if this document illustrates a positive effect of nationalism, an
element of nationalism or a negative effect of nationalism? Make your decision
and click below.
Click here once you’ve assessed
what type of a document this is.
If you said negative effect of
nationalism…
You’rrrrrrrrrrrrre rrrrrrrrrright!
Nationalism has created ethnic conflicts through out the world.
Document seven lists only a handful of the ethnic conflicts and it
only scratches the surface of the causes of those conflicts.
Document 7 Negative effect of nationalism
Click here once you’ve
labeled the document to
move on.
You’re done with the Docs.
Before you say good-bye to the document
package, lets just make sure you’ve done
everything you were supposed to do…
Noted each document as a
positive effect, a negative
effect or element of
nationalism.
Answered all of the
scaffolding questions.
This is no time for a
picnic, we’ve still got
work to do!
We’re almost ready to write
Now take out the outside information brainstorming list we made before. It should look
something like this.
Elements of
nationalism
1.
People who share
common language,
religion and
history
2.
Common
geography
3.
Unites people
Positive effects of nationalism
1.
Brings counties together like
Germany and Italy
2.
Helped keep the Jews united as a
people throughout the centuries
Negative effects of nationalism
1.
Can lead to racism
(Holocaust, Arab-Israeli
conflict)
2.
Can start wars (FrancoPrussian War, World War
I)
3.
Can break up countries
(Austria-Hungary)
Update your Brainstorm Chart
#1 Take out all those notes you made on the documents and add them where they belong.
(for example click here)
Elements of
nationalism
1.
People who share
common language,
religion and
history
2.
Common
geography
3.
Unites people
Positive effects of nationalism
1.
Brings counties together like
Germany and Italy
2.
Helped keep the Jews united as a
people throughout the centuries
Negative effects of nationalism
1.
Can lead to racism
(Holocaust, Arab-Israeli
conflict)
2.
Can start wars (FrancoPrussian War, World War
I)
3.
Can break up countries
(Austria-Hungary)
Update your Brainstorm Chart #2
However now we have to cross off our old #3 under “Elements of nationalism unless we can
make it more specific because our new #3 under “Positive effects of nationalism” covers it.
Take a minute and update your chart using the information from the documents.
Elements of
nationalism
1.
People who share
common language,
religion and
history
2.
Common
geography
3.
Unites people
Positive effects of nationalism
1.
Brings counties together like
Germany and Italy
2.
3.
Negative effects of nationalism
1.
Helped keep the Jews united as a
people throughout the centuries
Can lead to racism
(Holocaust, Arab-Israeli
conflict)
2.
Unification will unite the
Italians and make them great
(DOC #1)
Can start wars (FrancoPrussian War, World War
I)
3.
Can break up countries
(Austria-Hungary)
Click here
when
you’re
done
I said update your chart…
And I meant it, sure you could just click
the button and move ahead to the next
slide, but what would you really learn?
Use this opportunity. Make your own
list, then click ahead and compare your
list to the one that I came up with. Once
you’re really sure that you’ve completed
your brainstorming chart click the link at
the bottom of the page.
When you’re
ready click
here to move
on.
Your new brainstorm list should look like this…
Elements of
nationalism
1.
People who share
common language,
religion and
history
2.
Common
geography
3.
Unites people
4.
Jewish and
Palestinian Self
determination
based upon
common history
and land (Doc #3)
5.
Common religion
creates a nation
(Doc#4)
Positive effects of nationalism
1.
Brings counties together like
Germany and Italy
2.
Helped keep the Jews united as a
people throughout the centuries
3.
Unification will unite the
Italians and make them great
(DOC #1)
4.
Nationalism can create new
countries (Doc 2A)
5.
Self-determination for African
nations after Imperialism
Doc#6
Negative effects of nationalism
1.
Can lead to racism
(Holocaust, Arab-Israeli
conflict killing of
Christian converts in
China (Doc4) and many
others listed in Doc#7
2.
Can start wars (FrancoPrussian War, World War
I)
3.
Can break up countries
(Austria-Hungary)
Doc#2B
4.
Britain disrespects and
exploits the Indian
people Doc#5
Doesn’t look like we did too well with the brainstorming. All we’re left with is the definition of
nationalism (Elements #1) and the fact that nationalism has started wars like the Franco-Prussian
War (Negative #2). Hopefully you put down some other information on your own.
We’re almost there…
Brainstorm list
Now decide which
sections of your
brainstorm list best help
you answer the essay
question and take that
information from your
brainstorm list and add it
to the corresponding
section of your outline.
Your Outline
Your Outline
Question
Intro
Body 1
Body 2
Conc.
What is
nationalism?
Answer
Document/Outside Info
What:
Where:
When:
How:
Why:
Complete your outline based on your
brainstorm list, show it to your teacher and
How was
begin writing. As you write your essay
nationalism
positive (or remember to correctly cite documents and
negative) for a
outside information and introduce each
specific region?
document as you use it. What type of a
document is it (cartoon, reading, speech,
How was
chart etc.), who wrote it, or said it. If you
nationalism
need further instructions refer to the page
positive (or
negative) for a
on “How to Write a DBQ” under “My
specific region?
Resources” at
www.myteacherpages.com/webpages/sstein
Was nationalism a
positive or
negative force for
the people of the
world?
Hit Esc
to end
show
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How to do a DBQ - SchoolWorld an Edline Solution