Unit 7
Culture
What is culture?
•
“Brain-storming” game:
Culture is a lot more than some gestures.
It is a very broad term which is very hard
to define. Ask students to write down the
words they know associated with the key
word “culture”.
What is culture?
Culture is a very broad term used to
describe the arts, the beliefs, the values, the
traditions, the customs, and the institutions
that are considered to be characteristic of a
community, a people, a region, or a nation.
Culture also includes the languages and
dialects that people use to express their
feelings and to communicate with each other.
In most cases, language is the main medium
through which culture is transmitted.
Although many cultures in the world have
remained isolated for centuries, commerce
and trade have often been the source of all
sorts of cultural exchanges, ranging from
foods to tools. Cultural exchanges have not
always been fair or balanced. Throughout
history, wars and domination have destroyed
cultures and forced people to adopt the
language and the customs of the dominant
civilization.
Culture itself is neither education nor lawmaking, it is an atmosphere and a heritage.
(H.l.Mencken)
文化本身既不是教育也不是立法,它是一种氛围,一
种遗产。
——门肯
Culture and Language
• Culture is a very broad term used to describe
the arts, the beliefs, the values, the
traditions, the customs, and the institutions
that characterize the life of a human
community.
• Culture includes the languages and dialects
that people use to express their feelings and
to communicate with each other.
• Language is the main medium through which
culture is transmitted.
• Language varies a lot from culture to culture.
Thus, difficulties often arise on cross-culture
communication.
• Learning a foreign language well means more
than merely mastering the pronunciation,
grammar, words and idioms. It means learning to
see the world as native speakers of that
language see it, learning the ways in which their
language reflects the ideas, customs and the
behavior of their society.
• Learning a language, in fact, is inseparable from
learning its culture.
Oral Practice I
Chinese Politeness
Chinese are famous for their politeness. One of the
distinctive features of Chinese politeness is selfdenigration and other-elevation. To put it simply,
when you refer to something about yourself or related to
you, you belittle it, while, when you talk about others,
you glorify them by elevating them.
The following are some polite terms popular with
Chinese. Try to translate them into English literally. Are
they still polite or incomprehensible for a foreign
Chinese learner?
贱姓
cheap surname
贵姓
愚见
stupid opinion
高见
high opinion
precious surname
拙作
clumsy writing
大作
great work
内人
in-house person
太太
highest madam
府上
high resident
寒舍
cold shelter
Oral Practice II
Different Customs
Different countries may
have different customs
because of different
cultures. The following
will show you some
special ways of doing
things. Decide whether it
is a suitable way or not
Make a
judgment!
When a prayer is being
offered, a guest should just
eat and not look at the host.
When a prayer is being
offered, keep silent
with bowed head.
Stay for four or five hours
after the meal.
Stay for two or three
hours after the meal.


Use one hand whenever
possible and keep the other
one on the lap.

You’d better present an odd
number of gifts in China.


If you want to leave the table
during the meal, just leave.
Don’t hug your friend’s wife
even for greeting.

 Say to the host or
hostess, “Would you
please excuse me for a
minute?”
Don’t hug your Chinese
friend’s wife even for
greeting. It could make
the husband unhappy.
When you receive a gift, you will
unwrap it immediately.

In America, people will do like that, while in
China people often unwrap it until the giver is gone.
The host and hostess feel they must
see a guest off to the farthest feasible
point in China.

We will ask who will pay for the
meal before it.

Americans decide before the meal who will pay
for it, but the Chinese will say nothing before
the meal, and after the meal, everybody will
volunteer to pay, so there’re usually a lot of
expressions of politeness and protests.
Oral Practice III
Cultural Differences
What can you infer from the following advertisements
• KFC
• KFC
• Mc Donald’s
Oral Practice IV
•
•
•
•
•
What do you think of our Chinese culture?
Have you ever encountered other cultures?
Do you know any other culture well?
Have you ever been invited to a foreigner’s party?
Have you got embarrassed or even offended due
to cultural differences?
• If you are put into a quite different culture from
yours, how will you react?
• Do you think it’s important to know other countries’
cultures and customs?
• How do you think can we learn about other
cultures?
Guessing Work
Russia
Ireland
Sirilanka
Sweden
Norway
Do You Know Them?
What are their nationalities
Japan
India
Thailand
Egypt
Spain
Guessing work
Which one is Lucky?
Listening Exercise I
Listen to the article about marriage
customs and try to answer questions.
Please answer these questions.
How many Americans get married each year?
More than four
million.
Where do they usually have a traditional wedding
ceremony?
In a religious center, a hotel or a
social club.
If the couple only have a simple wedding
ceremony, whom will they invite?
They will invite only close family members
and friends.
What is the special meaning of a wedding?
The bride and groom promise to spend
the rest of their life together.
More than four million Americans get
married each year. Some of these people will
have a traditional wedding ceremony in a
religious center, a hotel or a social club.
These couples may invite hundreds of people to
their celebrations.
Other couples will have a simple ceremony
performed by a judge in a public building. They
will invite only close family members and
friends. They may not have the money to spend on
a big wedding. Or they may want to save money
for a wedding trip to a faraway place or to buy
a house.
Americans get married in different ways.
But the meaning of all these weddings is the
same. The bride and groom promise to spend the
rest of their life together.
Listening Exercise II
New Words & Expressions
1. plastic container
塑料盒
2. tight-fitting lid
拧紧的盖子
3. drive-in restaurant board
(顾客无需下车可得到服务的)“免下车”餐馆,
此处指展示菜单的菜单牌
4. throw… into
将······扔到
5. Mexican
墨西哥的
6. menu
菜单
7. microphone
麦克风
8. trash
垃圾
New Words & Expressions
9. Efficient
10. folks
效率高的
〈口〉[用作称呼]各位,大伙儿
例句:That’s all for tonight, folks.各位,今晚到此结束。
11. the hope of a high tip 希望得到很多的小费
12. in any case
无论如何
13. check
账单
14. refill
15. extra charge
再装,补充
额外索费
Exercise
Directions: Listen to the first part of the passage
and complete the following by filling in the
blanks.
1) In a fastfood restaurant, when a customer
says “to go”, it means ___________.
to take out The
cooked and hot food in a fast-food
restaurant is usually packed into
___________
cardboard or ________
plastic containers. Hot
drinks would go into ________
plastic cups with
___________
tight-fitting lids.
Exercise
2) People who eat at a drive-in restaurant first
menu
stop at a board
_______ where the _____
is
displayed, give an order
____ through a microphone
________
yards
and then drive another twenty
__________,
where a
girl hands them the meal.
3) Those who eat at a table in a fast-food
restaurant also receive their food in the same
forks
containers, and the knives
______, _____
and
spoons are plastic too. When they have
finished, customers throw everything
________ except
tray into a trash can.
the ____
Exercise
Directions: Listen to the second part of the
passage and answer the following questions.
1) What is said about service in restaurants and
coffee shops in America?
____________________
Efficient and friendly.
2) What impression do waiters and waitresses
give customers when they introduce
themselves?
Their friendliness is natural and isn’t entirely
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
influenced by the hope of a high tip.
Exercise
3) What is an appropriate amount for a tip?
_________________
15%
of the check.
4) What is one of the most pleasant things
about waiters and waitresses?
_____________________________
They refill a customer’s coffee cup
_____________________________
several times for no extra charge.
Tapescript
Tapescript -1
Part One
 The American passion of speed has now hit the food business. Many
restaurants, in particular the great chain restaurant company,
McDonald’s, specialize in “fast food”, food which is served at the
counter ready “to go” or “to take out”. The food, cooked and hot, is
packed into cardboard and plastic containers, and hot drinks go into
plastic cups with tight-fitting lids. There are also drive-in fast food
restaurants, where customers do not have to leave their cars. They
first stop at a board where the menu is displayed, give an order
through a microphone and then drive another twenty yards, where a
girl hands them the meal ready cooked and packed. People who
prefer to eat at a table in the restaurant also receive their food in
cardboard or plastic containers, and the knives, forks and spoons are
plastic, too. When they have finished, customers throw everything
except the tray into a trashcan.
Tapescript -2
Part Two
 In most cities, large and small, you can eat Mexican or
Italian food. And even small towns have a coffee shop
serving simple meals, drinks of all kinds—and excellent,
freshly made coffee. You sit at the counter, or are served
at a table. Service in restaurants and coffee shops is
efficient and friendly. Waiters and waitresses often
introduce themselves: “Hi! I’m Don (or Debbie). What can I
get you folks?” This friendliness is natural and not entirely
influenced by the hope of a high tip. In any case, people
usually tip 15% of the check. One of the most pleasant
things about waiters and waitresses is that they refill your
coffee cup several times for no extra charge.
Pre-Reading Questions
• Directions: Work in groups and answer
the following question:
– What characteristics come to you when you
think about each of the following groups of
people?
Chinese
Americans
English People
Pre-Reading Questions
Useful Words and Phrases
open-minded
cooperative
frank
straightforward
mild
sincere
easy-going
generous
outgoing
思想开明的
合作的
坦白的
直率的
温和的
真诚的
随和的
慷慨的
对人友好的
Pre-Reading Questions
SAMPLE:
Chinese—hardworking,
modest,
reserved,
honest, hospitable
 Americans—open-minded,
straightforward,
romantic, self-confident, adventurous
 English People—conservative, gentleman-like,
mild, easy-going, warm-hearted
Unit Seven
In-class Reading
Topic sentence (para. 1)
It’s rather difficult for a foreigner to slip into a
culture without all his foreignness exposed.
Supporting evidence
Parting customs in China (para. 1—7)
Chinese modesty vs. American straightforwardness
(para. 8—12)
A. At a party when complimented for cooking skills
B. When talking about their children
C. Hearing the word “no”
Conclusion (para. 13)
Life becomes much easier once you have studied
up on cultural differences.
What are the two parting customs in China
mentioned in the article?
One custom is that the host and hostess should say to guests
words and phrases that will smooth over the visitors’ leaving
and make them feel they will be welcome to come again. The
other one is that the host and hostess feel they must see a guest
off to the farthest point except those less important or young.
Chinese modesty vs. American straightforwardness
(para. 8-12)
A. At a party when complimented for cooking skills
Q: What are Chinese and American’s responses
when they are complimented for cooking skills?
Q: What are Chinese and American’s
responses
when they are complimented for cooking skills?
A Chinese will appear to be modest and
apologize for giving “nothing” even slightly
edible and for not showing enough honor
by providing proper dishes; an American is
likely to say, “Oh, I’m so glad that you liked
it. I cooked it especially for you.”
Chinese modesty vs. American straightforwardness
(para. 8-12)
B. When talking about their children
Q: What are Chinese and American parents’
comments when they evaluate their children?
Q: What are Chinese and American parents’
comments when they evaluate their children?
Chinese parents will say that their children,
even if at the top of their class in school,
are always so “naughty”, never studying,
never listening to their elders, and so forth;
American parents will straightforwardly
speak
proudly
of
their
children’s
achievements.
Chinese modesty vs. American straightforwardness
(para. 8-12)
C. Hearing the word “no”
Chinese: three refusals before accepting an offer
Americans: take a “no” to mean “no”
Conclusion (para. 13)
Life becomes much easier once you have studied
up on cultural differences.
slip into (line 2, Para. 1)
to (cause to) enter (a place) silently or secretly
(使)……偷偷地或悄悄地进入
我来晚了,所以我不得不从教室的后面进去。
I came late, so I had to slip into the classroom at
the back.
我没有票,你怎么能让我进体育场呀?
How can you slip me into the
stadium without a ticket?
slip (line 2, Para. 1)
v. go or move quickly or quietly 滑
那个贼悄悄溜走没被人看到。
The thief slipped away/out/past
without being seen.
岁月在不知不觉中过去。
The years slipped by.
expose (line 2, Para. 1)
vt. 1) uncover; leave uncovered or unprotected
暴露;使遭受;使接触
那些工人在干活的时候不得不使自己的身体暴露在阳光
之下。
Those workers had to expose their body to the sunlight
while working.
As we know, Canadian Mark
Rowswell (Da Shan) is
____________________________
a foreigner who has been exposed
_____________________.
to Chinese for many years
如我们所知,加拿大人大山是一
位接触中文多年的外国人。
2) disclose, make known 揭发;揭穿
那个广告代理商(ad-agent)说谎的行为被揭露了。
That ad-agent has been exposed as a liar.
报纸揭露了这个政客是一个骗子。
The politician was exposed as a crook by the
newspaper.
abrupt (line 5, Para. 1)
adj. 1) seeming rude and unfriendly 唐突的;鲁莽的
Her brother John is a man with an abrupt manner.
他的弟弟约翰是一个举止粗鲁的人。
adj. 2) sudden; unexpected 突然的,意外的
那条通往那个小镇的道路有很多急转弯。
The road to the small town was full of abrupt turns.
___________________________
The policemen’s abrupt entrance greatly frightened all
the gamblers in the room.
(警察的突然闯入)
Give the English of the following phrases
abrupt departure
突然的离去
abrupt attack
突袭
abrupt stop
骤停
abrupt ending
突如其来的终止
abrupt change
突变
副词形式:abruptly
名词形式:abruptness
accomplish (line 10, Para. 2)
v. succeed in doing something 完成
The Lenovo Group of China ________________________
accomplished the purchase of
IBM’s personal computer (PC) division in 2005.
在2005年,中国的联想集团成功实现了对IBM的个人电脑业
务的收购。
Resolution and perseverance
enable him to
accomplish his dream to become
___________________________
__________________.
a Formula One racer
坚强和毅力使他实现了成为F-1车手
的梦想。
名词形式:accomplishment
n. something successful or impressive that is
achieved after a lot of effort and hard work 成就
For a prose writer, that’s rather an accomplishment.
对于一个散文作家来说,那是一个相当了不起的成就。
observe (line 12, Para. 3)
v. 1) obey (a law, rule or custom)
遵守,奉行
和我们一样,台湾同胞(compatriot)
也过农历新年。
Just like us, Taiwan compatriots
also observe the lunar new year.
Before the start of the meeting, all the participants
__________________________
observed three minutes’ silence in honor of those
victims in the earthquake and tsunami.
在会议开始之前,所有的与会者向地震和海啸的受害
者默哀三分钟。
2) see and notice; watch carefully 看;观察
I have never observed her do otherwise.
我从未看到她不是这样做的。
那些联邦调查局的探员们(FBI agent)
正在监视那个可疑的人。
Those FBI agents were observing that suspected
person.
我们注意到天转阴了。
We observed that it had turned
cloudy.
3) say by way of comment 评论;评述;说
她对我们说我们的任务完成地很好。
She observed (to us) that our task was very well
finished.
名词形式:observation
形容词形式:observing
protest (line 13, Para. 3)
n. a strong complaint that shows you disagree
with, or are angry about something that you
think is wrong or unfair 反对;抗议
They made a strong protest to the mayor about the
building of the new airport.
他们就机场的建设向市长强烈抗议。
A large-scale protest strike/rally
(集会) was organized outside
the White House.
白宫外有人组织了大规模的抗
议集会。
v. 1) raise an objection, say something. (against)
抗议;反对(与against连用)
工人们抗议削减福利。
The workers protested (against) the reductions in their
benefits.
That suspect protested against being deprived of the
right to meet his relatives.
那个嫌犯就他的会见亲人的权利被剥夺一事提出抗议。
assure (line 25, Para. 5)
v. 1) tell somebody that something will definitely
happen so that they are less worried
向……保证
我可以向你保证这家商店里的健身器
材(fitness equipment)的质量。
I can assure you of the quality of
the fitness equipment of this shop.
援救队(rescue team)的成员们向那位焦急的母亲保证
他们会尽全力去寻找她失踪的儿子。
Those rescue team members assured the worried
mother that they would try their best to look for her
missing son.
形容词形式: assured
adj. sure; confident 确信的;深信的
You may rest assured that our government could effectively
______________________
put the overheating economy under control.
你尽可以放心,我们的政府能够有效地控制过热增长的经济。
名词形式:assurance
n. certainty; confidence 确信;信心
compliment (line 40, Para. 9)
v. say something nice to someone in order to
praise him/her 赞扬
将军对那个士兵在战场上的勇气给与赞扬。
The general complimented that solider for his
courage on battlefield.
她非常高兴人们称赞她漂亮。
She is very pleased that people
compliment her on her beauty.
n. 1) expression of admiration, approval, etc., either in
words or by action (e.g. by asking somebody for
his advice or opinions, or by imitating him)
(以言语或行动做出的)恭维的表示;敬意;赞扬
(例如向某人请教或效法他)
例句一可换为:
The general paid that soldier a compliment on his courage
on battlefield.
2) (pl.) greetings (多用作复数)问候;致意;道贺
with the compliments of the season
谨致佳节祝贺(西方人圣诞、新年
互相祝贺用语)
modify (line 55, Para. 12)
vt. 1) make small changes to something, often in
order to improve it 修改;变更
修改合同中的某些条款看来非常必要。
To modify some terms of the contract seems quite
necessary.
The arrival of Yao Ming and Tracy McGrady
has gradually modified the conventional
_________________________________
tactics of the Houston Rockets
_________________________.
(逐渐改变了休斯敦火箭队的传统战术)
2) make less severe, violent, etc. 减轻;缓和
You’d better modify your tone on such a formal
occasion.
在那样一个正式的场合之下,你最好说话文雅一些。
他是不会降低要求的。
He won’t modify his demands.
negotiation( Para.12 Line:59)
n. an act of negotiating 商议,谈判
【记忆】
negotiate
v.
谈判,协商
negotiator
n.谈判者,协商者,交易人
negotiable adj.
可协商的,(票据等)可流通的
【考点】注意介词用法:be in negotiation with sb. over sth.
与某人协商某事。
enter into (open) negotiations with sb.
开始与某人进行谈判
• slip into
pass gradually into a state or situation 渐渐进入,匆忙
穿上
When the mother found out that her son slipped into
such a bad habit, it was already too late.
当母亲发现儿子渐渐养成了这样一种坏习惯时,已为
时过晚。
The young man slipped into his coat and rushed out of
the room.
年轻人匆匆穿上大衣,冲出了房间。
• take pride in
be proud of 以······为荣,对······感到得意
The father took pride in his sons’ success.
父亲为儿子们的成功而骄傲。
I take great pride in giving you a hand in
this project.
能在这个项目中助你一臂之力,我感到莫大的光
荣。
• with regard to
with respect to, concerning 关于,至于
With regard to the party, I don’t know whether
I will have time to help you prepare for it.
至于聚会,我不知道会不会有时间来帮你作准备。
With regard to your recent application, I’m
afraid we don’t need another typist at present.
至于你最近的申请,恐怕我们目前不需要再请一
名打字员。
融入一种文化
to slip into a culture
一种使命感
a feeling of mission
送客人送到尽可能远的地方
to see a guest off to the farthest feasible point
“别送我了。”
“Don’t see me off.”
中美文化完全不同。
American and Chinese cultures are at polar opposites.
光荣榜
honor roll
“不用麻烦。”
“Please don’t bother.”
accompany, assure, caution, compliment, haste,
modesty, protest
1. ______ helps one go forward, whereas conceit
makes one lag behind.
2. The singer was _________ on her excellent
performance.
3. The lecturer _____ his speech with gestures.
4. The economist ____ that this policy might lead to
unemployment.
5. The boy went to bed under ____ when his elder
brother was still watching TV.
6. The airline has _____ travelers that there will be
no further delays.
7. More _____, less speed.
1. Modesty helps one go forward, whereas conceit
makes one lag behind.
2. The singer was complimented on her excellent
performance.
3. The lecturer accompanied his speech with
gestures.
4. The economist cautioned that this policy might
lead to unemployment.
5. The boy went to bed under protest when his
elder brother was still watching TV.
6. The airline has assured travelers that there will
be no further delays.
7. More haste, less speed.
Directions: Translate the following sentences into
English, using the expressions in brackets.
1. 这首歌你要是唱几遍的话, 孩子们就会学会歌
pick up
词的。
If you sing the song several times, the children will begin
to pick up the words.
2. 我们尽力使那紧张的老人相信乘飞机是安全
的。
assure... that
We tried to assure the nervous old man that flying was
safe.
3. 缺乏维生素A会导致夜盲。
inadequate, vitamin A
An inadequate supply of vitamin A may lead to night blindness.
4. 我会用计算机,但是一说到修理计算机,我就一窍不通了。
when it comes to
I can use a computer, but when it comes to computer
repairing, I know nothing about it.
5. 很多母亲试图在女儿身上实现自己的梦想。
many a
Many a mother tries to act out her dreams through her
daughter.
6. 我们应该劝孩子们不要吸烟。
discourage... from
we ought to discourage the kids from smoking.
7. 我给了他一些药丸以减轻他的痛苦。
ease
I gave him some pills to ease his pain.
8. 这份工作需要每年去国外三个月。
involve
The job involves traveling abroad three months each
year.
After-class Reading
•Dining Customs in
America
•Comprehension of the
text
Work in groups to answer the following
questions
1. What is the main idea of the passage?
2. What is the first rule of being a polite guest?
3. What customs are to be observed when guests take
a seat?
4. What is the difference between American and
European customs in using the knife and folk?
5.In what cases do Americans use fingers to eat?
6. What should a guest do if he leaves the table?
7. How long may a guest stay after dinner?
8. How do American guests express appreciation when
taking their leave?
•Sentence Study
Sentence Study
• 1. If a person is invited to dinner at sixthirty, the hostess expects him to be there
at six-thirty or no more than a few minutes
after. (L.2-4)
译文:如果一个人被邀请去赴六点半钟的宴会,
女主人期待他在六点半或稍后几分钟到。
no more than:至多,不超过,仅仅。
cost somebody no more than one dollar a
week使某人每周最多花费1美元
a few minutes after省略了six-thirty:no
more than a few minutes after six-thirty
No more …than 还可构成比喻意义。
Translate the following sentences:
A fool can no more see his own folly
than he can see his ears.
正像看不到自己的耳朵一样,傻瓜也看不到
自己的愚蠢。
他简直就是秤砣,才不会游泳呢。
He can no more swim than a hammer (can).
要我解决这个问题简直是要我登天。
I can no more solve the problem than I can
fly to the moon.
一口吃不成胖子,一夜之间学不会一门外语。
One cannot learn a foreign language
overnight any more than he can eat a
meal in one mouthful.
2. Until the meal is under way, if the dinner
is in a private home, a guest may avoid
embarrassment by leaving the talking to
someone else. (L.18-20)
译文:如果宴会是在个人的家里举行的,在
开始吃饭前,要避免(说话)尴尬,客人可以自
己不说)让别人聊。
本句的意思是,一般私人宴会开始前,人们会
和座位附近的人说话,或大家一起讨论某一话题。
本文是一篇向美国文化之外的读者介绍美国礼仪
的文章,文中的客人即是不熟悉美国文化的读者。
因此在他与别人的谈话中,势必会由于文化差异
造成一些尴尬局面。所以作者提示说,“要避免
尴尬,客人可以(自己不说)让别人聊”。
Useful Words
• 1. roll
• [用法1]n. 本文中的roll作为可数名词,指
“小圆(或长)面包;面包卷;馅卷”。
• e.g. breakfast rolls 早餐面包卷
• a cheese roll 奶酪面包卷
• [用法2]n. roll最基本的意义是“卷状物”。
如:
• e.g. a roll of film/ carpet/ cloth 一卷胶卷、
地毯、布
• Wallpaper is bought in rolls. 壁纸是成卷卖
的。
• [用法3]n. 正式的表册;(尤指)名单,
花名册。如:
• e.g. call/ read the roll in school, class
etc. 在学校、班里点名
• roll of honor 荣誉名册;(尤指)阵亡将
士名单
• [用法4]v. 作为动词,roll的意义很多,
但其基本意义是“使……滚动,转圈”
e.g. A rolling stone gathers no moss.
• (谚语)滚石不生苔(比喻人既无责任、无家
室等,又无钱财)。
2.flat
• [用法1]flat可以作名词、形容词或副词,文中
是作副词用,意思是“平直地”
• e.g. That night I lay flat on my back and
stared up at the ceiling.
•
那天晚上,我平躺在地板上,眼睛盯着天花板。
• [用法2]flat作为名词,意思是“公寓,单元
房”,(这主要是英国英语的用法,美国英语里
常用apartment。如a new block of flats一幢新
的公寓楼
•
[用法3]adj. 平坦的,平的;平淡的;(车
胎)气不足的;断然的,绝对的(作定语)
• e.g. The whole landscape looked as flat as a
pancake. 整个地形十分平坦。
• He felt a bit flat after his friends had gone. 朋
友们走了以后他觉得有些无聊。
• He just gave me a flat denial/ refusal. 他直接
否定/拒绝了我。
•
• [快捷记忆]and that’s flat (习语)这是我的最后
决定
•
e.g. I’m not going out with you and that’s
flat. 我不跟你出去,说定了。
• flatten v. 变平;使变平
3. favor
• [用法1]n. 恩惠;善意的行为,好事。文
中“bigger favors”指的是“主人(不只是
请客人吃饭)留客人过夜或度周末”,故
翻译成“款待”。
•
e.g. Will you do me a favor and phone
for me? 你能否帮个忙给我打个电话?
•
I owed him a favor so I couldn’t say
no. 我欠他一个人情,所以我不能拒绝。
• [用法2]赞同,支持,有利。作不
可数名词。
• 词组搭配有:in favor of
something 支持、赞同某事;
• in somebody or something’s
favor 有利于某人或某事;
• win/ gain/ find favor 获得、赢得、
寻求支持;
• look on/ view/ regard something with favor 以
支持的态度看待某事
• e.g. They will look with favor on your plan. 他
们会以赞赏的态度看待你的计划。
• In Sweden and other countries, nuclear
power has lost favor.
• 在瑞典和其他国家,核能已失去了民众的支持。
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
4。 -ware 器皿,用具
Silverware 金属餐具
Tableware 餐具(指碟、杯、刀、叉等)
Hardware 五金制品,硬件
Software
软件
Glassware 玻璃器皿
Stoneware 石制容器,粗陶器
• 5。likewise(in addition, also, in the same
way):
• You must pack plenty of food. Likewise, you
will need warm clothes, so pack them too.
你必须带上大量实物,同样的,你还需要厚衣服,
也要带上。
Cf: Otherwise : differently
She says it’s genuine, but we think otherwise.
她说这是真的,但我们不那样认为。
You are presumed to be innocent until proved
otherwise.(=proved not to be innocent)
在证明你有罪之前,你被假定为无罪。
6.be apt to: (A. having a natural tendency to
do something)
e.g. This kind of shoe is apt to slip on wet
ground.这种在湿地上容易打滑。(B, exactly
suitable) e.g. an apt remark
7. At one’s best(In one’s best condition)
e.g. I never at my best early in the morning.我早
晨向来不是最佳状态。
8. Under way: (moving forward)
e.g. Our project is now well under way. 我们的
工程现在一切进展顺利。
•Useful
Expressions
Useful Expressions
• 根据具体情况
depending on the situation
• 以表谢意
as a sign of appreciation
• 遵守习俗
follow/observe the custom
• 仿效某人
follow one’s lead/example
• 按原样把餐巾折好
fold their napkins in the original folds
• 暂住的客人
house guest
• 寄一封感谢信
send a thank-you note
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Unit 7