Strong Angel II: Designing the Edge Design and implement a far-forward capacity for rapid and appropriate humanitarian information management from global resources within and across civil-military boundaries. Kailua-Kona, Hawaii 17 - 22 July 2004 Mission: Complete a set of tasks demonstrating techniques and capabilities designed to achieve secure, edge-based information flow across the civil-military boundary during complex humanitarian emergencies in austere environments. Participation: • OSD (Office of the Secretary of Defence) • SPAWAR Systems Center - Europe • DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency) • TIDES World Press Reports (DARPA) • DHS (Department of Homeland Security) • UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office • ARC (American Red Cross) • UK Royal Navy • BBN (Bolt, Baranec, and Newman) • United Nations Joint Logistics Center • Buckminster Fuller Institute • United Nations World Food Programme • CENTCOM (US Central Command) • US Army (352nd Civil Affairs) • Coalition Provisional Authority (Baghdad) • US Marine Corps (3rd Civil Affairs Group) • George Mason University • US Navy (Third Fleet and others) • Groove Networks • US State Department • Harvard Brigham and Women’s Hospital • International Medical Corps • Mindtel (Syracuse University) • MITRE Corporation (Mass Inst Tech Res & Eng) • National Virtual Translation Center • NATO • Egypt • Rocky Mountain Institute (Aspen) • France • San Diego State University • Jordan National Representatives • Canada A few guiding principles… 1. Disconnected operations are the rule, rather than the exception. 2. Agility is more valuable than planning. 3. Effectiveness depends on inclusiveness. 4. Trust only grows on neutral ground. 5. Open pipes and open eyes: protect your data--not the network. 6. Expect to wage war and peace simultaneously. Kosovo (S-M), 1999 - US Army soldiers - German food - Russian helicopter - NATO leadership - Civilian support - United Nations mission Cultural insight Koran published in Zulu funded with $1 million through a personal donation from Osama bin Laden through the Islamic Propagation Center in Durban, South Africa Regional perspectives… Osama viewed by others And languages… (always languages…) Consequences when misunderstood… A complex refugee management problem… Strong Angel 2000 From Strong Angel 2000 to Iraq…UN staff who were present for both “The area of interest was perhaps more complicated than we first thought.” -- COL John Graham, RAMC MERPI Medical Evacuation and Repatriation Program for Iraq Strong Angel II Kailua-Kona, Hawai’i 17-22 July 2004 OSD-NII sponsorship DARPA funding Strong Angel Topic Areas • Translation • Collaboration • Communication • Cultural awareness • Information management Strong Angel Topic Areas • Translation • Collaboration • Communication • Cultural awareness • Information management Near-real-time broadcast translations Human and machine-based Babylon: Simultaneous multi-lingual chat ( English-Arabic-English ) Be prepared to communicate with those who do not speak your language. Visitor translations Strong Angel Topic Areas • Translation • Collaboration • Communication • Cultural awareness • Information management Distributed collaboration… “Distributed collaboration inside CENTCOM won the war” Statement from CENTCOM and the Army Lessons Learned Lab Quoted by an OSD official, 11 July 03 • Secure file encryption at 192-bit threshold • Reference library of pubs and docs • Voice-Over-Internet (encrypted) • Logistics delivery calendar • Bandwidth optimized • Instant Messaging (encrypted) • Alerting cues • Secure chat (encrypted) • Import-Export as XML with any database • Annotated maps • Web download for free if needed • Annotated satellite photos • Transparent – all organizations • Who’s available, instantly • Adaptive architecture (instantly flexible) • Immediate feedback on comms • Distance learning (and teaching) • Sends only binary changes • Remote presentations • Peer-to-peer, so no ownership Emergency Communications Pony Express Mobile 802.11b cloud giving the disconnected synchrony through commercial tools TESTED • Discussion, Calendar, Instant Messages, Files • Video files from VSee (.wmv) • Arabic and English translations (.mp3) • Babylon Chat • Toucan Navigate locations • Forms: submissions, templates, and updates • Assessment Forms, Request Forms, etc. VSee • Rumor reporting • Incident reporting • Medical Status Reports • Medical Joining Reports • Logistics delivery schedules • Maps and annotated images • Casualty evacuation requests • Briefing documents and presentations • Refugee tracking on UNHCR standards • Field requests for humanitarian assistance • Contact rolodex with GIS location mapping • Library of important publications and agreements ToucanNavigate interactive Groove GIS tool. • Brings collaborative GIS to the edge of the network • Provides coordination and decision support • Contains geospatial layers in standard GIS file formats • May add objects, layers and metadata directly to maps • May also track movements using standard GPS Library Information feeds: Automated push from a request (pull) ToucanNavigate KGVAD-1 Lightweight and collaborative GIS Using standard file formats With GPS integration, co-navigation, and movement tracking Browser-based Groove collaboration tool Police Blotter • No military in the design • No staff • No training logistics • No authority • No funding • No communications • No civ-mil network • And yet no other option. Distributed peer-to-peer collaboration Plone to Zope to Groove to Zope to Plone Open-source collaborative website Contacts with GIS mapping… Strong Angel Topic Areas • Translation • Collaboration • Communication • Cultural awareness • Information management Done. 3 1 2 X Comms in Iraq 1. 2. 3. 4. UHF VHF HF SATPHONE X. PA system 4 Bring superb and open comms… …use them daily across all boundaries… …teach them to everyone… …and leave them behind. Do daily work over those shared comms so you ensure they work properly Establishing community usefulness quickly Hardware resilience Bring hardware suited to both the environment and the tasks. Panasonic Toughbook CF-73 Remote surveillance… FotoNotes Annotation on-screen Interactive tele-journalism in the field Strong Angel Topic Areas • Translation • Collaboration • Communication • Cultural awareness • Information management Post-Conflict Reconstruction Indicators Strong Angel II: The Onsite Team The task solutions were designed along lines that reached… …across competing organizations… …and across civil-military boundaries Across cultures… …and into the community. Donations to the local community MEGABEAM Rogue WiFi disturbance PACOM Joint Frequency Management Office And Melanie Local community trust solved the problem… not technology. Flexible solar array Ethical consultation NATO contingent Re-stating the guiding principles… 1. Disconnected operations are the rule, rather than the exception. 2. Agility is more valuable than planning. 3. Effectiveness depends on inclusiveness. 4. Trust only grows on neutral ground. 5. Open pipes and open eyes: protect your data--not the network. 6. Expect to wage war and peace simultaneously. Questions?