Strong Angel II: Designing the Edge
Design and implement a far-forward capacity for
rapid and appropriate humanitarian information management
from global resources within and across civil-military boundaries.
Kailua-Kona, Hawaii
17 - 22 July 2004
Mission:
Complete a set of tasks demonstrating
techniques and capabilities
designed to achieve
secure, edge-based information flow
across the civil-military boundary
during complex humanitarian emergencies
in austere environments.
Participation:
•
OSD (Office of the Secretary of Defence)
•
SPAWAR Systems Center - Europe
•
DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency)
•
TIDES World Press Reports (DARPA)
•
DHS (Department of Homeland Security)
•
UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office
•
ARC (American Red Cross)
•
UK Royal Navy
•
BBN (Bolt, Baranec, and Newman)
•
United Nations Joint Logistics Center
•
Buckminster Fuller Institute
•
United Nations World Food Programme
•
CENTCOM (US Central Command)
•
US Army (352nd Civil Affairs)
•
Coalition Provisional Authority (Baghdad)
•
US Marine Corps (3rd Civil Affairs Group)
•
George Mason University
•
US Navy (Third Fleet and others)
•
Groove Networks
•
US State Department
•
Harvard Brigham and Women’s Hospital
•
International Medical Corps
•
Mindtel (Syracuse University)
•
MITRE Corporation (Mass Inst Tech Res & Eng)
•
National Virtual Translation Center
•
NATO
• Egypt
•
Rocky Mountain Institute (Aspen)
• France
•
San Diego State University
• Jordan
National Representatives
• Canada
A few guiding principles…
1.
Disconnected operations are the rule, rather than the exception.
2.
Agility is more valuable than planning.
3.
Effectiveness depends on inclusiveness.
4.
Trust only grows on neutral ground.
5.
Open pipes and open eyes: protect your data--not the network.
6.
Expect to wage war and peace simultaneously.
Kosovo (S-M), 1999
- US Army soldiers
- German food
- Russian helicopter
- NATO leadership
- Civilian support
- United Nations mission
Cultural insight
Koran
published in Zulu
funded with $1 million
through a personal donation from
Osama bin Laden
through the
Islamic Propagation Center
in
Durban, South Africa
Regional perspectives…
Osama viewed by others
And languages…
(always languages…)
Consequences when misunderstood…
A complex refugee management problem…
Strong Angel 2000
From Strong Angel 2000 to Iraq…UN staff who were present for both
“The area of interest
was perhaps
more complicated
than we first thought.”
-- COL John Graham, RAMC
MERPI
Medical
Evacuation and
Repatriation
Program for
Iraq
Strong Angel II
Kailua-Kona, Hawai’i
17-22 July 2004
OSD-NII sponsorship
DARPA funding
Strong Angel Topic Areas
• Translation
• Collaboration
• Communication
• Cultural awareness
• Information management
Strong Angel Topic Areas
• Translation
• Collaboration
• Communication
• Cultural awareness
• Information management
Near-real-time broadcast translations
Human and machine-based
Babylon:
Simultaneous multi-lingual chat
( English-Arabic-English )
Be prepared to communicate with those
who do not speak your language.
Visitor translations
Strong Angel Topic Areas
• Translation
• Collaboration
• Communication
• Cultural awareness
• Information management
Distributed collaboration…
“Distributed collaboration inside CENTCOM won the war”
Statement from CENTCOM and the Army Lessons Learned Lab
Quoted by an OSD official, 11 July 03
• Secure file encryption at 192-bit threshold
• Reference library of pubs and docs
• Voice-Over-Internet (encrypted)
• Logistics delivery calendar
• Bandwidth optimized
• Instant Messaging (encrypted)
• Alerting cues
• Secure chat (encrypted)
• Import-Export as XML with any database
• Annotated maps
• Web download for free if needed
• Annotated satellite photos
• Transparent – all organizations
• Who’s available, instantly
• Adaptive architecture (instantly flexible)
• Immediate feedback on comms
• Distance learning (and teaching)
• Sends only binary changes
• Remote presentations
• Peer-to-peer, so no ownership
Emergency
Communications
Pony Express
Mobile 802.11b cloud
giving the disconnected synchrony through commercial tools
TESTED
• Discussion, Calendar, Instant Messages, Files
• Video files from VSee (.wmv)
• Arabic and English translations (.mp3)
• Babylon Chat
• Toucan Navigate locations
• Forms: submissions, templates, and updates
• Assessment Forms, Request Forms, etc.
VSee
• Rumor reporting
• Incident reporting
• Medical Status Reports
• Medical Joining Reports
• Logistics delivery schedules
• Maps and annotated images
• Casualty evacuation requests
• Briefing documents and presentations
• Refugee tracking on UNHCR standards
• Field requests for humanitarian assistance
• Contact rolodex with GIS location mapping
• Library of important publications and agreements
ToucanNavigate interactive Groove GIS tool.
•
Brings collaborative GIS to the edge of the network
•
Provides coordination and decision support
•
Contains geospatial layers in standard GIS file formats
•
May add objects, layers and metadata directly to maps
•
May also track movements using standard GPS
Library
Information feeds:
Automated push from a request (pull)
ToucanNavigate
KGVAD-1
Lightweight and collaborative GIS
Using standard file formats
With GPS integration, co-navigation, and movement tracking
Browser-based
Groove collaboration tool
Police Blotter
• No military in the design
• No staff
• No training logistics
• No authority
• No funding
• No communications
• No civ-mil network
• And yet no other option.
Distributed peer-to-peer collaboration
Plone to Zope to Groove to Zope to Plone
Open-source collaborative website
Contacts with GIS mapping…
Strong Angel Topic Areas
• Translation
• Collaboration
• Communication
• Cultural awareness
• Information management
Done.
3
1
2
X
Comms
in
Iraq
1.
2.
3.
4.
UHF
VHF
HF
SATPHONE
X. PA system
4
Bring superb and open comms…
…use them daily
across all boundaries…
…teach them
to everyone…
…and leave
them behind.
Do daily work over those shared comms so you ensure they work properly
Establishing community usefulness quickly
Hardware resilience
Bring hardware suited to both the environment and the tasks.
Panasonic Toughbook CF-73
Remote surveillance…
FotoNotes
Annotation on-screen
Interactive tele-journalism
in the field
Strong Angel Topic Areas
• Translation
• Collaboration
• Communication
• Cultural awareness
• Information management
Post-Conflict Reconstruction Indicators
Strong Angel II: The Onsite Team
The task solutions were designed
along lines that reached…
…across competing organizations…
…and across civil-military boundaries
Across cultures…
…and into the community.
Donations to
the local community
MEGABEAM
Rogue WiFi disturbance
PACOM
Joint
Frequency
Management
Office
And Melanie
Local community trust
solved the problem…
not technology.
Flexible solar array
Ethical consultation
NATO contingent
Re-stating the guiding principles…
1.
Disconnected operations are the rule, rather than the exception.
2.
Agility is more valuable than planning.
3.
Effectiveness depends on inclusiveness.
4.
Trust only grows on neutral ground.
5.
Open pipes and open eyes: protect your data--not the network.
6.
Expect to wage war and peace simultaneously.
Questions?
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