The Vikings When did the Vikings arrive? • The Vikings arrived in England about 1,200 years ago • They stayed for 300 years. A Timeline to show where the Vikings fit into British history Where did the Vikings come from? • The Viking people came from the three countries of Scandinavia • Denmark • Norway • Sweden. Who were the Vikings? • They were mostly farmers, but some worked as craftsmen or traders. • Many Vikings were great travellers and sailed all over Europe and the north Atlantic Ocean in their longships. • Some went as fierce pirate raiders. • They stole treasure and attacked local people. • But most Vikings who sailed overseas were simply searching for better land for their farms. • The name 'Viking' comes from a language which is called 'Old Norse'. • It means 'a pirate raid'. Some significant events of the Viking Age. 793 AD • In the year 793 Viking pirate raiders sailed across the North Sea to a Christian monastary at Lindisfarne in north-east England. . • They stole its treasures, murdered the monks and terrified everyone. • This was followed by other violent 'Viking raids' all over Britain. 865 AD • In 865 a 'Great Army' of Danish Vikings led by Ivor the Boneless, invaded England. • The Vikings conquered all of northern, central and eastern England, and seized much of the land for their own farms. 867 AD • In 867 the Vikings attacked captured York. . • During the same period, they sailed to northern and western Scotland. .. • They also settled in the Isle of Man, and parts of Wales . 871 AD • The only part of England to hold out against the Vikings was Wessex. • In 871 Alfred the Great became King of Wessex . • He had to fight many battles to stop the Vikings taking over Wessex. 878- 886 AD • In 878 the Vikings were defeated by Alfred the Great at Eddington • The leader of the Vikings was called Guthrum. • In 886 Alfred drew up a treaty allowing the Vikings to live in the Danelaw . 899 AD • In 899 Alfred died. . • He was the only Saxon King to stop the Vikings invading all of England. . 950 AD • The last Viking king of York, was Eirik Bloodaxe • He was killed at the battle of Stainmore in 954 . 980 AD • A Viking man called Bjarni Herjolfsson discovered America by accident in the year 985. 991 AD • In 991 the English were defeated at the battle of Malden . 1001 AD • A few years later, in 1001, Leif Eriksson 'the Lucky' sailed to America to take a proper look at it. . 1016 AD • Edmund became king. • Canute defeated Edmund • ..Edmund died and Canute became king. 1035 AD • King Canute ruled the whole of England in peace until 1035 when he died. • Harald became king. • In 1040 Canute’s son Harthacanute became King.. 1042 AD • Harthacanute died suddenly in 1042. • Edward the Confessor was chosen as king of England. 1066 AD • In 1066 Harold ll claimed the throne. • He was killed at the battle of Stamford Bridge the same year . • This was the end of the Viking Age in England. .