Unit Seven
Around Kinmen
National Park
Unit Seven
SITUATION
BEFORE READING
READING
VOCABULARY OR TERM
EXTRA READING
SENTENCE PATTERN
LANGUAGE SKILL
DIALOGUE
WRITING
GRAMMAR TIP
GUIDE REMINDER
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SITUATION
Home
You are prepared to be a guide to a
battleground, and you need to inform your group
of the history of the war.
Tip: Remember the sequence of events well.
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SITUATION
Home
An old mansion in Kinmen with the reputation of Mandarin
culture on the sea.
金門有「海濱鄒魯」之稱,其民宅、古蹟、文物頗具特色。
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BEFORE READING
Home
Help yourself with a map.
Read the map below and find the
Chinese place name that corresponds to
the following English translations:
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BEFORE READING
Home
(1) Jin-Hu Township
(2) Liaoluo Bay
(3) Jhaishan Tunnel
(4) Sihwei Tunnel
(5) Guningtou Battle Museum
(6)August 23rd Bombardment Museum
(7) Huchingtou War Museum
(8) Taiwan Strait
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BEFORE READING
Home
(1) 金湖鎮
(2) 料羅灣
(3) 翟山坑道
(4) 四維坑道
(5) 古寧頭戰史館
(6) 八二三炮戰戰史館
(7) 湖井頭戰史館
(8) 台灣海峽
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GUIDE REMINDER
Home
The wars, old buildings and settlements in
Kinmen
The Battlefield Park--Kinmen
1
Reading Ⅰ
Based on historical records, due to constant
harassment by Japanese pirates in the 16th century,
the war between the Ming and Cing Dynasties in the
1800s, and the military conflict between the KMT
and the Chinese communists during the 1950s1980s, the Kimen islands had been turned into a
military base for defensive purposes.
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GUIDE REMINDER
Home
2
Thus, there were several memorable battles that
took place here, and for this reason Kinmen is well
worth visiting. In addition to the war relics, there
are also traditional southern Fujian-style buildings
that have been preserved.
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GUIDE REMINDER
Home
3
It is easy to find that the major settlements on the
island reflect the architectural styles typical of
Jhangjhou and Cuanjhou. Ancestral shrines form
the core of the civilian residences of the settlements,
that is, the settlements were built radiating out from
a centrally located ancestral shrine. Other than the
ancestral shrines, “spirit lion” statues in each
settlement were also important images and
landmarks – these served to fight off or scare away
evil spirits or demons.
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GUIDE REMINDER
Home
4
Buildings of the traditional Southern Min, Western,
or a mixture of the two styles have been preserved
to this day, which essentially represent the most
valuable attractions in Kinmen National Park.
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GUIDE REMINDER
Home
Jhaishan Tunnel
1
Reading Ⅱ
Several important battles were fought on Kinmen,
including Guningtou Battle, Dadan Battle,
September 3rd Bombardment, August 23rd
Bombardment and June 17th Bombardment. The
August 23rd Bombardment is probably best known,
for it is when the island was subjected to over 20
days of constant shelling.
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GUIDE REMINDER
Home
2
Jhaishan Tunnel is located in an area where the
southern coastline of the Kinmen Island protrudes
into the sea. It consists of several branch tunnels
with A-shaped waterways of a length of 357 meters,
which mainly served as barracks and as a base for
small naval vessels. And it took five years to
construct these tunnels, from 1961 to 1966.
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VOCABULARY OR TERM
Home
Read the following words loudly with a teacher or on
your own.
The Battlefield Park—Kinmen (Reading I)
[ [`bQnd[nt ] adj.
abundant
-Rich, plentiful.
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VOCABULARY OR TERM
Home
military [ `mIl[9t
ZrI ] adj. -Of or relating to war or army force.
weaken [ `wik[n ] v.
-To make or become weak or weaker.
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VOCABULARY OR TERM
Home
disaster [ dI`zAstL ]
n.
-An event casing widespread damage and distress.
[ `tCrtFL ] v.
torture
-To bring great physical or mental pain upon.
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VOCABULARY OR TERM
Home
harassment [ hE`rAsm[nt
] n.
-An action or state of irritating persistently.
[ `pBIr[t ] n.
pirate
-One who robs at sea or the land from the sea.
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VOCABULARY OR TERM
Home
communist [ `kBmju9n
Ist ] -n.
A member or supporter of a Marxist-Leninist party.
[ dI`fZns
defense
] n.
-Against attack, danger, or injury.
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VOCABULARY OR TERM
Home
battle [ `bAtl. ] n
-An fighting between opposing forces.
[ mBund
mound
] n.
-A pile of earth, sand, rocks for protection or hiding.
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VOCABULARY OR TERM
Home
residence [ `rZz[d[ns ]
n.
-The place in which one lives; a dwelling.
ancestor [ `AnsZstL ] n.
-A person from whom one is originally from,
especially if more remote than a grandparent.
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VOCABULARY OR TERM
Home
architecture [ `Brk[9tZ
ktFL ] n.
-A style and method of design and construction.
[ rZprI`zZnt[tIv
representative
] adj.
-Like or typical of others of the same class.
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VOCABULARY OR TERM
Home
settlement [ `sZtl.m[n
t ] n.
-The act or process of settling.
civilian [ sI`vIlj[n ] n.
-A person following civil life, especially one who is
not an active member of the military or police.
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VOCABULARY OR TERM
Home
radiate [ `redI9et ]
v.
-To extend from or toward a center.
statue[ `stAtFU ] n.
-A form or likeness modeled, carved, or cast in
material such as stone, clay, wood, or bronze.
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VOCABULARY OR TERM
Home
Jiashan Tunnel (Reading II)
[ fli
flee
] v.
--
To run away.
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VOCABULARY OR TERM
Home
islet [ `BIlIt ] n.
-A very small island.
[ bBm`bBrdm[nt ] n.
bombardment
-The act of state of attacking with bombs, shells, or
missiles.
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VOCABULARY OR TERM
Home
solid [ `sBlId ] adj.
-Of good or strong quality and substance.
[ FZl
shell
] v.
-To fire or drop explosive things.
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VOCABULARY OR TERM
Home
tunnel [ `tQnl. ] n.
-An underground or underwater passage.
[ pro`trud ] v..
protrude
-To jut out; project
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VOCABULARY OR TERM
Home
barracks [ `bAr[ks ] n.
-A building or group of buildings used to house
military personnel.
[ `nevl. ] adj.
naval
-of or relating a nation's entire military organization
for sea.
1-29
VOCABULARY OR TERM
Home
vessel [ `vZsl. ] n.
-A craft, especially one larger than a rowboat,
designed to navigate on water.
cease [ sis ] v.
--
To come to an end; stop.
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VOCABULARY OR TERM
Home
decade [ `dZked ] n.
-A period of ten years.
[ rI`dQkFEn
reduction
] n.
-The act or process of reducing.
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VOCABULARY OR TERM
Home
threat [
WrZt ] n.
-One that is regarded as a possible danger or harm.
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SENTENCE PATTERN
Home
a. ……composed of……...
Example:
Water is composed of hydrogen and oxygen.
b. …….made of….
Example:
The pastry is made of glutinous rice flour.
c ..……….made from….
Example:
Kinmen Kaoliang is made from sorghum.
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LANGUAGE SKILL
Home
Inquire about your customers’ trip.
1. How was your home stay in the village?
a
2. What did you do during your home stay in the village?
3. Did you do anything interesting during your home stay
in the village?
4. Were there any problems during your home stay in the
village?
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GRAMMAR TIP
Home
The following verbs with progressive aspect can
denote the future tense:
be going
be coming
be visiting
be reaching be starting
be returning be leaving
be arriving
be approaching
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GRAMMAR TIP
Home
E. G.
ˇ These tourists are going to Singapore by air.
ˇ These tourists will go to Singapore by air.
ˇ We are coming to visit Yangmingshan this afternoon.
ˇ We will come to visit Yangmingshan this afternoon.
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