Job Satisfaction
Whether you are starting your own business,
applying for a job, considering a change of career or
simply keen to make the most of life, it is important
that you should be satisfied with your job. Lack of
job satisfaction will result in low efficiency and
productivity, and will ultimately cause work-related
diseases. Thus, improving job satisfaction of
employees should be one of the priorities of the boss.
Contents
Unit 8
01
Lead-in
02
Text A
03
Text B
04
Practical Writing
Lead-in
1
Unit8
Role
Spot
Disc
Script
Listening
Listen carefully to the following dialogue and answer the
questions.
1. The man is worried about Sandra’s ____ .
A. way of living
√ attitude towards her work
B.
C. relationship with her colleagues
D. interest in watching TV
2. What does Sandra think of her present job? ____
√ She doesn’t enjoy it.
A.
B. She finds it difficult to do.
C. She dislikes it and wants to change it.
D. She takes an interest in it.
1
Unit8
Role
Spot
Disc
Listening
Script
3. The man talks to Sandra because she ____ .
A. wants to dismiss Sandra
B. will give Sandra a promotion
√ plans to transfer Sandra to another department
C.
D. wants to punish Sandra
4. The man implies that we cannot always expect to do work
that is ____ .
√ exciting
A.
B. difficult
C. boring
D. worrying
1
Unit8
Role
Spot
Disc
Listening
Script
5. How can you describe the man talking to Sandra?____
A. Difficult to deal with.
B. Hesitant and caring.
√ Straightforward and understanding.
C.
D. Careless and rude.
6. What is the possible relationship between the man and
woman. ____
A. Teacher and student.
B. Father and daughter.
√ Employer and employee.
C.
D. Salesman and customer.
Tape Script
Man:
Lisn
Role
Spot
Disc
Frankly, Sandra, I’m not very pleased with you. I don’t
know — It’s something about the way you approach
your work, your attitude to it, that worries me.
Woman: Oh really? How do you mean?
Man:
Well, you don’t seem to respond to me very well. In
fact I find that you’re not easy to work with. Yes really
Sandra, I find you rather difficult.
Woman: I’m sorry you think that way.
Man:
The point is — and I think I should be truthful with you
I can’t honestly recommend somebody for promotion
who doesn’t take an active interest in their work. You
can see that, can’t you Sandra?
Tape Script
Lisn
Role
Spot
Disc
Woman: Er... yes I can and I’m sorry. I thought I was doing
my best.
Man:
Maybe, but you don’t seem to enjoy your work. I
mean, are you happy at LTV? Perhaps you need a
change. Have you ever thought about working
somewhere else? You know,a different sort of job.
Woman: Well, no. It’s not that. I like it here. I like working
for LTV. I think television is exciting. It’s just that
my job, what I do, seems so boring, so repetitive. I
don’t feel as if I’m getting anywhere.
Tape Script
Man:
Lisn
Role
Spot
Disc
I see. Yes, I think I understand how you feel. I’m
glad you told me. But you’ve got to realize,Sandra,
that we can’t all do exciting work all the time.
Woman: Yes, I know that.
Man:
Look, this is what I think we’d better do. Bill Fletcher who deals with audience reaction and research wants someone to help him on door-to-door
interviews and so on. We might be able to fit you
in somewhere there. What do you think about that?
Woman: Thank you. I’d like to.
2
Unit8
Lisn
Spot
Disc
Role-play
Work with a partner. Make up a dialogue based on the following
situation, and role-play it to the class.
One of you acts as the manager of customer services of a
hotel and the other as a receptionist. The manager finds that the
receptionist is impatient and always makes mistakes when handling reservations on the phone. The manager would like to find
out what the problem is with the receptionist, and come out with a
solution.
3
Unit8
Lisn
Role
Disc
Spot Dictation
Listen to the following passage and fill in the missing
information.
training each year for the KK
I do a lot of management 1 _______
Company. Among the topics we discuss in our classes is the
keeping of 2 ______
quality employees.
“What has caused you to 3 ________
stay longenough to become a
manager?” I asked. After a while a new manager took the
question and said slowly, “it was a baseball glove.”
4 _______
Cynthia said she used to take a KK clerk job as an interim
better .
one while she looked for something 5 ______
3
Unit8
Lisn
Role
Disc
Spot Dictation
counter , she received a
On her second day behind the 6 _______
call from her nine-year-old son, Jessie. He needed a base
7 ____
-ball glove for the little League. She explained that as a
single mother, money was 9 _____
tight , and her first check
8 ______
bills .
would have to go for paying 10 ____
When Cynthia arrived for work the next morning, Patricia,
store manager , asked her to come to her small office
the 11 ____________
handed her a box . “I overheard you talking to your
and 12 ________
hard to
son yesterday,” she said, “and I know that it is 13 _____
explain things to kids.
3
Unit8
Lisn
Role
Disc
Spot Dictation
This is a baseball glove for Jessie. I know you have to pay
before you can buy gloves. You know we can’t
bills 14 _______
pay good people like you as 16 _____
much as we would like to;
15 ____
important
care and I want you to know how 18 ________
but we do 17 ____
you are to us.”
The thoughtfulness, empathy and love of the store
remember more how
manager show vividly that people 19 _________
manager cares than how much he pays.
much a 20 ________
4
Discussion
Discuss with your partner the following questions and report
your answers to the class.
1. Suppose you are to graduate from college next summer.
Besides salaries, what other elements do you consider
when looking for a job?
2. What makes a person satisfied with his/her job?
3. What makes a person dissatisfied with his/her job?
Unit8
Lisn
Role
Spot
Text A
New Words and Expressions
Summary
Reading
Structure
Text A
Translation
Comprehension
Grammar Focus
Vocabulary
Role-play
Unit8
Text A
New Words and Expressions:
Unit8
Text A
ideal a. 理想的;完美的
in reality 事实上
settle for 勉强接受;不得不接受
fall short of 达不到,不符合
source n. 来源,出处
conflict n. 冲突,抵触
supervisor n. 主管,管理人
resource n. 资源
say n. 话语,发言权
affect v. 影响
dissatisfaction n. 不满意
ill-suited a. 不适合的
reframe v. 重组,再构造
attitude n. 态度,看法
overnight ad. 一夜之间,突然地
be alert to 注意;警觉
Text A
New Words and Expressions:
Unit8
Text A
view n. 见解,意见
bring down 使崩溃,使失去积极性
technique n. 技术,技巧,方法
negative a. 消极的
catch v. 发觉,注意到
silver lining 一线希望
coach n. 教练,指导员
defeat v. 打败
grateful a. 感激的,感谢的
gratitude n. 感激,谢意
cherish v. 珍惜;爱惜
make the best of 尽力而为
reward n. 酬谢;酬劳
profession n. 职业,专业
1
Unit8
Text A
Reading
Read the passage about job satisfaction and answer the
following questions.
1. What makes an ideal job according to Paragraph 1?
2. What reasons are given as to why people are not satisfied
with their jobs?
3. What is an effective way to improve job satisfaction?
4. What techniques are offered by the author to improve job
satisfaction?
5. Why does the author recommend “ silver lining ” as a way
to improve job satisfaction?
Improving Job Satisfaction
Tran
1* You have dreamed about an ideal job in which you are motivated, inspired, respected and well paid. But in reality, you have had
to settle for something that falls a bit short of your ideal. Maybe it
started as your dream job and for a time you loved it. But now
you find it harder and harder to get through the day.
2 Lack of job satisfaction can be a significant source of stress.
Unit8
Text A
ideal
提高职业满意度
settle for
in
which...
是介词前置的定语从句,先行词是job
①a.
considered
best of its kind,
perfect
得到一份高薪、受鼓舞、受尊重的理想职业是你梦寐以求的,但在
to accept
in spitethe
of incomplete
satisfaction
▲The
the in
new
house
is ideal.
实生活中,你不得不接受某些达不到你期望的东西。也许,刚开始时你感
▲The location
companyofwas
a very
serious
financial situation, and the
▲This
is ideal
exactly
needed.
觉你的职业非常理想,你对此十分钟爱,但现在你觉得日子越来越难熬。
workersdictionary
had to settle
for a- it’s
lower
wagewhat
thanI they
requested.
②n.
awegoal
缺乏职业满意度是造成压力的重要原因。
▲As
know that the hotel has tried its best to improve the
▲The
jobwe
falls
shorttoofsettle
my ideal.
services,
agree
for two double rooms and two single
▲They
ones. worked very hard in order to realize their ideal.
Improving Job Satisfaction
Tran
Reasons why you may not be completely satisfied with your job
include:
 Conflict between co-workers;
 Conflict with your supervisor;
 Not being appropriately paid for what you do;
 Not having the necessary equipment or resources to succeed;
 Lack of opportunities for promotion ;
 Having little or no say in decisions that affect you.
Unit8
Text A
你对职业不满可以归结为以下原因:
resource
promotion

与同事发生冲突
①n.
常作复数,
an available
supply
that can be drawn on when
①n.
an advancement
in rank
or responsibility

与主管发生冲突
needed
▲He
congratulated me on the recent promotion.

薪酬不合理
▲Alaska
a large
state richhe
in believed
natural resources.
▲He
tookis the
job because
he would have better

缺乏取得成功所必需的设备或资源
②n.
the abilityfor
to deal
with a difficult or troublesome situation
opportunities
a promotion.

没有晋升机会
effectively
②n.
advertising; publicity

对影响个人的决策没有发言权
▲Although
he has people
undergone
lot of training,
he every
has never
▲Many
business
travela around
the world
year become
for the
apromotion
person of of
resource.
their commodities.
Improving Job Satisfaction
Tran
3 Sometimes it is the job itself that causes dissatisfaction. For
example, the work may be boring, or ill-suited to your interests,
education and skills.
4 *An effective way to improve your job satisfaction is using positive thinking to reframe your thoughts about your job. Changing
your attitude about work will not necessarily happen overnight .
But if you are alert to ways your view of work brings you down,
you can improve your job satisfaction. Try these techniques:
Unit8
Text A
reframe
overnight
本句主语是名词way,其后的不定时短语作定语;using...
是动名词短语,
alert
有时可能是职业本身造成你对工作不满意。例如:你的工作可能很
vt.①ad.
to
form
something
in orthe
as opinion
if in the of
course
of oneagain
night; suddenly
a.乏味,提不起你的兴趣,或者根本不适合你所受的教育和所学的技巧。
giving all your attention to what is happening, being said, etc
在句中充当表语。
▲The
teacher
told the students
to reframeovernight.
their views about decent
▲Kate’s
adventure
a sensation
▲Taking
notes
is one of became
the best ways
to stay alert in lectures.
提高职业满意度的一个有效途径是用积极的思维重新构建你的职
jobs
soto
that
they
might
it easier
adapt to the job market.
②ad.
during
or for
thefind
length
of thetonight
be
alert
something
业观念。你不一定一下子就能够改变对所从事职业的态度,但如果你注
stayed
overnight with
my mother.
to ▲We
know about
or understand
something,
especially a possible danger or
意到你的职业观念是如何导致你对工作失去积极性,你就可以提高职
problem
③a. happening as if in a single night; sudden
业满意度。你不妨试试以下技巧:
▲The
authorities
should
been alert
to the possibility of invasion.
▲The
show was
an have
overnight
success.
synonym: watchful, attentive
Improving Job Satisfaction
Tran
5 Stop negative thoughts. Pay attention to the messages you
give yourself. When you catch yourself thinking your job is terrible,
stop the thought in its tracks.
6 Look for the silver lining .“Reframing” can help you find the
good in a bad situation.For example, you receive a less than perfect performance appraisal and your boss warns you to improve
or move to another job.
Unit8
Text A
silver停止消极的想法。你要注意你给自己传递了什么样的信息,当你发
lining
现自己觉得工作很糟糕的时候,要停止这种消极的想法。
a hopeful or comforting prospect in the midst of difficulty一线希望
寻找解决办法。“重构职业观念”可以帮助你在不利的环境中找到
来自英语谚语Every
cloud has a silver lining. 黑暗中总有一线光明。在
有利的一面。譬如,你的老板对你工作表现的评价不够好,他警告你改善
文中可理解为solution,即“解决办法”
工作,否则要你换岗。
Improving Job Satisfaction
Tran
Instead of taking it personally or looking for another job right
away, look for the silver lining. Depending on where you work,
the silver lining may be attending continuing education classes,
working closely with a performance coach and having the satis-faction of showing your boss you are capable of change.
7 Learn from your mistakes. Failure is one of the greatest
learning tools, but many people let failure defeat them. When
you make a mistake at work, learn from it and try again.
Unit8
Text A
对此你的反应应该是寻找解决办法,而不是为此耿耿于怀,或者马上另
找工作。解决办法因具体工作而异,可能是参加继续教育课、与业绩辅导
员保持紧密联系、或以实际行动告诉老板你有能力作出改变。
从错误中吸取教训。失败是最好的学习良机之一,但是许多人面对
失败就一蹶不振。工作中犯了错误,应该从中吸取教训,再次尝试。
Improving Job Satisfaction
Tran
8 Be grateful . Gratitude can help you focus on what is positive
about your job.Ask yourself,“What am I grateful for at work today?”
* You may enjoy meeting new friends at work, or you may cherish
the opportunities you are offered. No matter what it is, find at least one thing you are grateful for.
9 * Whatever job you take, making the best of difficult work situations by being positive will help you manage your stress and
experience the rewards of your profession.
reward
grateful
Unit8
Text A
cherish
学会感激。心存感激能够帮助你注意工作中的积极因素。不妨问问
①n. something
that you get because you have done something good or helpful
本句是并列复合句,or是并列连词,连接两个并列的分句。you
are or have
Whatever引导的从句是让步状语从句,making...是动名词短语,在主句
a.
feeling
that
you
want
to
thank
someone
because
of
something
worked
hard with affection
vt. to treat
and tenderness
自己:“今天工作中我该对什么心存感激?”你也许喜欢在工作中结识新
offered是省略关系代词的定语从句,先行词是opportunities。
中充当主语,being...
也是动名词短语,充当介词by的宾语。主句中help
▲The
job isthey
difficult,
but done,
the financial
rewards
great.
kind
that
showing
this
feeling
▲I cherish
thehave
memory
ofor
that
day. are
朋友,或者珍惜工作中提供给你的机会。不管是什么,你应该至少可以找
和experience并列,充当谓语,manage
your
stress是省略to的不定时短
②vt.
toso
givegrateful
something
to all
someone
because they have
done something good or helpful
▲I’m
for
your
help.
▲In
marriage,
a
man
promises
to
cherish
his
wife.
出值得你感激的一种东西。
语,充当宾语补足语。
or have worked for it
▲I
am
very grateful to all those who took the trouble to write to me.
▲The不管你从事的是何种职业,以积极的态度面对困难的工作环境,充
club’s directors rewarded him with a free season ticket.
gratitude
n. ▲Tears
of gratitude
filled her eyes.
reward somebody
for (doing)
something
分利用环境所能带给你的一切,这样将有助于你消除压力,从而使你体
▲He
gave the ad.
children some chocolate to reward them for behaving well.
gratefully
会到职业所带给你的回报。
rewarding a. ▲Teaching can be a very rewarding career.
2
Comprehension
Decide whether the following statements are True or False.
1. Sometimes we must accept things that are out of our expectT
ations. ____
Unit8
Text A
2. People are not satisfied with their jobs when they feel underpT
aid. ____
3. People taking jobs that are not suited to their thoughts have
F
more job satisfaction. _____
4. One way to improve job satisfaction is to change your attitude
F
towards your job overnight. _____
T
5. Keeping a positive attitude improves job satisfaction. ____
Vocabulary
3
Part 1 Match the words on the left with the definitions on the right.
1
cherish
2 technique
√ something given or received in return for
B.
worthy behavior
3 supervisor
D.
√ skill
4
reward
√ a person who is in charge of a particular
E.
department or unit
5
in reality
Unit8
Text A
A.
√ in fact
G.
√ to treat with affection and tenderness
Vocabulary
3
6
effective
C.
√ not positive
7
overnight
√ thankful
F.
8
negative
H.
√ occupation
9 profession
10
Unit8
Text A
grateful
I.√ suddenly
J.
√ producing a desired effect
3
Vocabulary
Part 2 Complete the sentences with the following words.
Change the form where necessary.
affect
grateful
Unit8
Text A
ideal
view
resource
reward
technique
ill-suited
settle for
fall short of
ideal place for
1. To many foreign tourists, Hangzhou is an _____
sightseeing.
view on opening up new markets in Africa?
2. What is your _____
reward for the help he
3. We gave the man 100 yuan as _______
offered.
techniques to attract
4. The storekeeper made use of many __________
customers.
3
Unit8
Text A
Vocabulary
______ productivity of
5. Working conditions is an element that affects
the workers.
6. We intended to import more hi-tech products, but our business partners somewhat __________
fell short of our expectations.
7. The new workers had expected higher salaries, but they had
settle for 2000 yuan a month due to the depression.
to ________
ill-suited to your interest.
8. It is not wise to take a job that is ________
grateful to them for the help they offered when
9. We are very _______
we were in trouble.
10.Japan has achieved great economic success, though the
________ .
country is not rich in natural resources
3
Vocabulary
Part 3 Study the affixes and complete the sentences with the
right form of the words in the brackets
Prefix
dis- 前缀,构成反义词。
satisfaction → dissatisfaction
honest → dishonest
Unit8
Text A
respect → disrespect
agree → disagree
dissatisfied (satisfaction) with the service, why don’t
1. If you’re __________
you complain to the hotel manager?
satisfaction (satisfa2. Many people are more interested in job __________
ction) than in earning large amounts of money.
3
Unit8
Text A
Vocabulary
_________ (respect) to Julie, but this department worked
3. No disrespect
perfectly well before she started here.
______ (respect) for different races and ap4. We should have respect
preciate the diversity of other cultures.
______ (honest) students will never cheat in examinations.
5. Honest
dishonest (honest) will take advantage of the
6. People who are ________
pirate DVDs to make a profit.
_____ (agree) to
7. After a lot of effort, we persuaded them to agree
our plan.
________ (agree) with our arrangements although we
8. They disagreed
had tried our best to meet their demand.
3
Vocabulary
Suffix
-ance 后缀,构成名词。
perform → performance
assist → assistance
Unit8
Text A
significant → significance
appear → appearance
performance (perform) of the sales department has a
1. The ___________
great effect on the reputation of the company.
2. The wages of the workers depend to a great extent on how
perform (perform) at work.
well they ________
3. We are often attracted to somebody first by their physical
appearance
__________ (appear).
3
Unit8
Text A
Vocabulary
appeared (appear) before the board just
4. The sales manager _________
in time to give a presentation.
significance (significant) of doing a part-time job means
5. The __________
more than money and experience.
________ (significant) change in income
6. There has been a significant
tax laws in recent years.
_______(assist) the judge by looking up related
7. The clerk assisted
cases.
8. The director of the factory is seeking more financial
assistance
_________ (assist) from the local government.
4
Unit8
Text A
Summary
Complete the summary of the passage by filling in the blanks with
the words or phrases from the passage.
ideal jobs where we feel 2 ________
motivated ,
We usually look for 1 _____
settle
inspired, respected and well paid. However, we have to 3 ______
short of their expectations.
for something that falls 4 _____
satisfaction can be a significant source of
Lack of job 5 __________
stress . We may have conflicts with our co-workers or
6 ______
supervisors . We may be underpaid. We may not have the
7 ___________
resources to succeed. We may not
necessary equipment or 8 _________
affect our work. In these cases
get involved in decisions that 9 ______
we lack job satisfaction.
4
Summary
effective way to improve our job satisfaction is using
An 10 ________
positive thinking to reframe our thoughts about our jobs. We
11 _______
negative thoughts, look for solutions, learn
should try to stop 12 ________
from mistakes, and be 13 _______
grateful for what we already have.
manage our
In a word, a positive attitude can help us 14 ________
improve our job satisfaction.
stress and consequently 15 ________
Unit8
Text A
5
Structure
Study the examples and do the exercises after the model.
Example 1
Unit8
Text A
 Lack of job satisfaction can be a significant source of
stress.
Lack of something 意思是“某事物的缺乏”,此处lack是
名词。Lack还可以做及物动词;形容词形式是lacking,不能
做定语,常用搭配为lacking in something。注意:动词lack
不能与in 或of 连用;be lack of 也是错误的。
Model: 我们缺少一个技术娴熟的编程人员来测试这个软件。
(lack v.)
→ We lack a skillful programmer to test this software.
5
Structure
1. 汤姆真正的问题是他缺乏信心。(lack v.)
Tom’s real problem is that he lacks confidence.
2. 我们还是缺乏必要的信息来做这个投资决定。(lack v.)
We still lack necessary information for the investment
decision.
3. 他们缺乏进展是否意味着他们没有好好工作?(lack n.)
Does their lack of progress mean they are not doing their job
properly?
Unit8
Text A
5
Structure
4. 工资固定又无晋升机会导致员工对工作不满意。(lack n.)
Fixed wages and lack of promotion lead to job
dissatisfaction.
5. 对于这个项目,我们还是缺少资金支持。(lacking in)
We are still lacking in financial support for the project.
6. 她并不缺乏能力,只是不愿意努力工作。(lacking in)
She is not lacking in ability, she just doesn’t want to work
hard.
Unit8
Text A
5
Structure
Example 2
 Sometimes it is the job itself that causes dissatisfaction.
It is/was...that...是英语的强调结构,可用来强调句中的主
语、宾语、时间状语及地点状语等。受强调的成分是充当主语
或宾语的人时,that可以分别用who和whom代替。
Model: What matters is the ability to do the job, not your
degree.
→ It is the ability to do the job that matters, not your
degree.
Unit8
Text A
5
Unit8
Text A
Structure
1. Sally will be promoted to Store Manager.
________________________________________________
It
was Sally who will be promoted to Store Manager.
2. He awarded the Employee of the Year a laptop computer.
It was a laptop computer that he awarded the Employee of
the Year.
3. The New York mayor will visit the plant tomorrow.
It is the mayor of the New York who is going to visit the
factory tomorrow.
4. I first met the president at the workshop of the factory.
It was at the workshop of the factory that I met the
president for the first time.
5. I didn’t understand the true state of the affairs until I read
your report.
It was not until I had read your report that I understood the
true state of the affairs.
5
Structure
Example 3
Unit8
Text A
 Instead of taking it personally or looking for another job
right away, look for the silver lining.
Instead of意思是“代替,而不……”,后面可以接名词、
代词、动名词、介词短语等。
Instead 作为副词也可以单独使用,意思是“作为替代,代
替……”。
Model: The boss didn’t give the task to Mike. He gave it to
me. (instead)
→The boss didn’t give the task to Mike, but gave it to
me instead.
5
Unit8
Text A
Structure
1. I didn’t read the report. I prepared for the sales plan instead.
(instead of).
I________________________________________________
prepared for the sales plan instead of reading the report.
2. Jane didn’t scold the new assistant. She encouraged her to
work harder. (instead of)
Instead of scolding the new assistant, Jane encouraged
her to work harder.
3. Ted will not stay in Malaysia. He will come back to Hong
Kong at the end of the program. (instead of)
Instead of staying in Malaysia, Ted will come back to Hong
Kong at the end of the program.
5
Structure
4. The shopkeeper gave us short weight: we should get 10
kilos, not 7.5 kilos. (instead of)
________________________________________________
The
shopkeeper gave us short weight we should get 10
kilos instead of 7.5 kilos.
5. It will take days to get there by car. Let’s go there by air.
(instead)
It will take days to get there by car, so let’s go there by air
instead.
6. If Joy can’t attend the meeting, I could go for him. (instead)
If Joy can’t attend the meeting,I could go for him instead.
Unit8
Text A
6
Translation
Translate the following sentences into English, using the
expressions given in the brackets.
1. 我们找不到大公司合作,只好找两家小一点的公司。(settle for)
As we couldn’t find big companies to work with, we had to settle
for two smaller ones.
2. 贵公司提供的计算机达不到我们的要求。(fall short of)
The computers supplied by your company have fallen short of
our expectation.
Unit8
Text A
6
Translation
3. 我们的机床可以进一步地改进。(be capable of)
Our machine tools are capable of further improvements.
4. 在下结论之前,我们要关注新产品的成本。(focus on)
Before making a decision, we should focus on the costs of the
new product.
5. 加薪可以激发工人更加努力地工作。(motivate)
Raising wages can motivate the workers to work harder.
Unit8
Text A
7
Grammar Focus
充当主语和表语的动名词
(The Gerund Serving as the Subject or Predicative
of a Sentence)
Unit8
Text A
动名词由动词原形加-ing构成,具有名词的性质,因此在句中
可以作主语、表语、宾语、定语等。动名词作主语和表语很常见,
例如:
Reading is an art. 读书是一种艺术。(作主语)
Your task is typing the letter. 你的任务就是把信打出来。(作
表语)
7
Unit8
Text A
Grammar Focus
Part 2 Complete the sentences by translating the Chinese into
English.
Attracting and retaining qualified employees (吸引并留住优秀
1. ____________________________________
职员) is vital to a company.
Working under these conditions (在这种工作条件下工作)
2. __________________________
reduces employees’ motivation.
working on the weekends (在周末加班).
3. What I hate most is ______________________
Promoting job satisfaction (提高职业满意度) is something
4. ______________________
every employer must do.
finishing the task on time (按时完成任务).
5. What we can do is _____________________
8
Role-play
Work with your group.Make up a dialogue based on the
following situation and role-play it to the class.
Role 1 - Manager
Suppose you are the manager of the Human Resources
Department in a foreign company. Part of your job is to ensure
that the employees are satisfied with their jobs. Interview
several employees and find out whether they are satisfied with
their jobs.
Unit8
Text A
8
Role-play
Role 2 - Employee
You are an employee being interviewed by the manager. You
are not satisfied with the working conditions in your company.
Besides, you don’t see any opportunity for a raise in salary or a
promotion. Talk to the manager and see what advice he can
offer.
Unit8
Text A
Text B
New Words and Expressions
Text B
Comprehension
Vocabulary
Unit8
Text B
New Words and Expressions:
Unit8
Text B
burnout n. 精疲力竭,过度劳累
plainly ad. 明白地,清晰地
dread v. 担忧;害怕
alarm n. 闹钟
go off (闹钟)响;鸣叫
drag v. 拖,拖曳
upcoming a. 即将到来的
appealing a. 吸引人的
drain v. 耗尽(精力)
use up 用完,耗尽
desire n. 愿望
mystical a. 神秘的,奥秘的
damage v. 损害, 伤害
destroy v. 破坏,毁坏
depression n. 消沉,抑郁;萧条
symptom n. 症状,征兆
suffer v. 受苦,受难
Text B
New Words and Expressions:
Unit8
Text B
needlessly ad. 不必要地
grumble v. 抱怨,发牢骚
on a daily basis 每天
emotion n. 感情
heighten v. 增加;增强
chronic a. 慢性的,延续很长的
evolve (~ into) 发展成
despair n. 失望;绝望
energizer n. (情绪)兴奋剂
well-adjusted a. 调整得好的
threaten v. 威胁;恐吓
self-esteem n. 自尊;自尊心
bonus n. 奖金;补助
fame n. 名声;声望
credibility n. 可靠度;可信度 challenge n. 挑战
out of control 不受控制;控制不住
Job Burnout
Tran
1 Do you feel overwhelmed by your job, that it feels too much
like “hard work” or just plainly “unexciting”? Do you find yourself
waking up at night thinking about work? *Do you dread that alarm
going off in the morning and then dragging yourself out of bed to
go to work? And do you find the idea of the weekend, or an
upcoming holiday, more and more appealing?
Unit8
Text B
dread
职业倦怠
本句中dread一词为及物动词,后面两个动名词短语going...
和
①vt.你是否对工作觉得力不从心,觉得工作太累,或对工作提不
to feel anxious or worried about something that is going to
dragging... 并列充当宾语,that alarm为going的逻辑主语。
happen or may happen
起劲儿呢?你晚上睡觉是否会突然醒过来并想起你的工作?你是
▲He dreaded the prospect of being all alone in that house.
否会害怕早上闹钟闹醒你,然后很不情愿地起床去上班?你是否
▲I dread to think what will happen if they get elected.
觉得周末或即将到来的假日越来越吸引人?
②n. a strong fear of something that is going to happen or may
happen
▲Bernice looked with dread at the end of the passage.
synonym: fear
Job Burnout
Tran
2 * If you have answered yes to these questions, keep in mind
that you are not alone.* Feeling drained and totally used up with
little desire to continue is what is commonly known as “Job Burnout” and we all reach that point sometimes.
3 Job Burnout is a sickness of the spirit.
Unit8
Text B
drain
本句是并列复合句,第一个分句的主语是动名词短语feeling...,
以上问题如果你的答案都是肯定的,那么记住:你不是唯一
keep
in mind
逗号后的分句为祈使句,短语keep
in mind相当于remember,其
use
up
①vt.
to
make
someone
feel
very
tired
and without any energy
分句中包含了what所引导的表语从句;第二个分句是个简单句。
有这种感觉的人。感觉精疲力竭,不愿意继续工作这种情绪被很
remember记住
后的that...
to
consume从句为其宾语。
completely用完,耗尽
▲Working
with
children all day really drains you.
多人称为“职业倦怠”,我们每个人有时候都会产生这种情绪。
▲When
we
travel
in
a foreign
country,
we father
shouldhad
alwayshim.
keep
▲The
used
upinformation
every
cent about
his
▲I felt young
drainedman
sorting
out
differentleft
models
职业倦怠是一种精神方面的疾病。
in
mind
that we should respect the customs of the local people.
▲The
all day.car broke down after we used up all the gas we could
get.
②vi. to flow away
▲I watched the bath water drain away.
③n. a pipe or channel by which liquid is drawn off
▲Your kitchen drain has become blocked by tea leaves.
Job Burnout
Tran
It is when motivation, that mystical energy that gets us going, is
damaged or even destroyed. Another name for job burnout could
be “job depression”, and it doesn’t mean that it cannot be helped.
* Knowing what the causes or symptoms of job burnout can
perhaps help those who are suffering needlessly.
Unit8
Text B
symptom
这种疾病之所以发生,是由于动机这种激发我们上进的力量遭到
本句中包含了两个从句:what引导的宾语从句是主语的一部
n.
a sign or an indication of a disease or a serious problem
损害或破坏。职业倦怠也称为“职业抑郁”,它并非不能治愈。了
分,who引导定语从句,修饰those。
▲The disappearance of jobs is a symptom of a deeper socio解职业倦怠的成因和症状也许可以帮助那些本可避免的患者。
economic change.
▲Common symptoms of diabetes are weight loss and fatigue.
Job Burnout
Tran
4 What are the basic symptoms ? Occasional feelings of
frustration, anger, depression and dissatisfaction are normal parts
of living and working. These are things we often grumble about
on a daily basis , but those who have been affected by the burnout experience these negative emotions in a more heightened and
chronic state.
Unit8
Text B
basis
chronic
frustration
depression
heighten
n.or things from which something can be developed
grumble
那么,职业倦怠的基本症状是怎样的?偶尔感到沮丧、生气、抑
n.
the
facts,
ideas,
a.
chronic
is annoyed,
one that continues
forimpatient
a long time and
n.
the
feeling
of
being
upset,
or
v.①a
iffeeling
something
heightens
amakes
feeling,
effect,
etc,
or ifisano
feeling,
①a
ofproblem
sadness
that
one
think
there
hope
▲Their
claim
had
no
basis
in
fact.
v.
to
keep
complaining
in
an
unhappy
way
郁、不满是我们工作和生活的正常组成部分,这些是我们每天发
cannot
easily
be
solved
because
you
cannot
or
change
a situation, or achieve
▲The
video
will
provide
a control
basis
for
class
discussion.
for
etc
the
heightens,
future
it
becomes
stronger
or
increases
▲Farmers
are
always
grumbling
about
the
weather.
牢骚时所抱怨的。患有职业倦怠的人所感受到的这种情绪要强
▲The
man
sees
no
hope
of
a
good
life
as
a
result
of his chronic
on
the basis
of something
something
▲Lucy’s
▲There
mood
are
fears
was
that
one
the
of
deep
march
depression.
will
heighten
racial
tension.
▲A
烈得多,也持久得多。
few
passengers
grumbled
that
their
cabins
were
too
small.
unemployment.
▲We
are
against
discrimination
on
the
basis
of
sex.
▲People
often
feel
a sense
ofthere
frustration
theythe
are notof
②a
▲Increased
long
period
levels
during
fat
which
inisthe
iscould
verywhen
heighten
littlefor
business
②a
disease
orofillness
onediet
that
continues
a long risk
time
on achronic
regular/daily/weekly,
etc basis
being
promoted
enough.
activity
cancer.
andmoney
lot quickly
of apeople
do not have jobs
and
cannot
bea cured
▲I’m
saving
on
regular basis.
▲In
spite
of
hisdoctors
frustrations,
heetc
fell
in love
with the
on
a voluntary/part-time/temporary,
basis
▲Teachers
and
are
among
those
whoappreciation
easily
fall country.
victim
▲Many
people
believe
that
the
continual
of to
▲Nurses
are
employed
a full-time
basis.
synonym:
depression
chronic
heart
disease.
RMB will
cost
Chinaonan
economic
depression.
Job Burnout
Tran
They feel it all the time. Frustration can evolve into anger and
tears; anger into fear; depression into despair.
5 There are certain “energizers” that we need to see or hear that
will encourage and maintain our motivation level, so that in turn
we are productive, happy and well-adjusted employees. High on
the list are reward for good work and that wonderful feeling that
you can control things that influence you.
Unit8
Text B
他们时时感受到这种情绪。这样,沮丧会变成气愤,气愤变成害怕,
抑郁变成绝望。
我们需要看一看或者听一听某些能够激发或者维持我们动
机水平的“情绪兴奋剂”,这样一来我们就能成为高效、快乐、心
态良好的雇员。位居前列的“情绪兴奋剂”包括工作出色得到
补偿,以及感觉对影响自己的事物能够自我控制。
Job Burnout
Tran
Once those two factors are threatened, the burnout begins.
6 Reward for good work could be praise, feelings of satisfaction,
high self-esteem , pay increase, bonuses, promotions, fame or
status in the company, credibility, challenge, and anything else
that is positive to you.
Unit8
Text B
threaten
challenge
credibility
self-esteem
一旦这两种因素受到威胁,职业倦怠就产生了。
①vt.
say that you
cause
someone
harm
or trouble
if they
notthat
do is
①n. to
something
that will
tests
strength,
skill, or
ability,
especially
in adoway
n.
the
quality
of deserving
to be believed and trusted
what
you
want
n.
pride
in oneself;
self-respect
对出色工作的补偿可能包括受到表扬、有满足感、自尊心增
interesting
▲Postal
workers
are
threatening
strike
if they
don’t
receive
a all
pay
increase.
▲Predictions
of
economic
recovery
have
now
lost
▲The company
is
ready
meet a
the
challenges
of the
next
few
years.
▲Playing
a sport
cantoboost
a
girl’s
self-esteem.
强、加薪、加奖金、升职、提高在公司的名誉或地位、提高个人信
▲He
threatened
to take
them to challenge
court.
▲Martin
now faces
the biggest
of
his career.
credibility.
▲Students
誉、勇于接受挑战,以及任何给你带来积极情绪的感觉。
who
do
poorly
in
tests
usually
havedon’t
lowdo
self▲Doctors
aretosometimes
threatened
with
violence ifisthey
what
②n.
refusal
accept
that
someone
or
something
right
and
legal
▲The
scandal
has
damaged
his
credibility
as
a
leader.
esteem.
patients
▲This iswant.
considered a direct challenge to the Governor’s authority.
▲There
are serious
questions
about
the credibility of these
②v.
to president
indicate
danger
harm challenge
▲The
faces aorstrong
from nationalists.
▲The
incident
ruin
his chances
in thefair,
election.
reports.
③vt. to
refusethreatens
to acceptto
that
something
is right,
or legal
▲Large
areas
of
the
jungle
are
now
threatened
with
destruction.
▲Viewpoints such as these are strongly challenged by environmentalists.
threat
▲Theyn.went to the High Court to challenge the decision.
Job Burnout
Tran
It is essential that you feel you can control things that influence
you. Believing that you cannot control what happens to you and
feeling helpless is one of the most threatening human experiences. If there is a time that you believe the world around you is out
of control, then the trouble begins.
此外,你要感觉到对影响自己的事物能够自我控制,这一点很重
要,因为相信自己对发生在自己身上的事情不能控制,或者感觉
无助,是对人类威胁最大的情绪体验。如果哪一天你感觉对周围
的一切失去控制,你的麻烦就开始了。
Unit8
Text B
1
Unit8
Text B
Comprehension
Part 1 Choose the best answer for each question according to the
passage.
1. Which of the following is NOT a symptom of job burnout?______
A. Feeling you have great difficulty doing your job.
√ Feeling that your job is exciting.
B.
C. Waking up at night thinking about work.
D. Having great desire to take a vacation.
2. Job Burnout occurs when ____________ is damaged or even
destroyed.
A. ability
B. motivation
C.
D. fame
√ productivity
1
Unit8
Text B
Comprehension
3. Job burnout is also called ______ .
A. job motivation
B. job desire
√ job depression
C.
D. job dissatisfaction
4. “Frustration” (Para. 4, Line 2) is a feeling of ______ .
√ discouragement
A. delight
B.
C. attraction
D. satisfaction
5. It can be inferred from the last two paragraphs that people who
______ are more likely to suffer from job burnout.
A. get a promotion
B. get a pay rise
C. are praised by the boss
D.
√ are criticized at work
1
Comprehension
6. Which of the following statements is true? ______
√ Reward for good work is an energizer to increase staff
A.
motivation.
B. Job burnout begins when you feel you are controlled by
other people.
C. Reward for good work can be praise, pay rise, promotion,
critics, etc.
D. Job burnout is caused by pressure and challenge.
Unit8
Text B
1
Comprehension
Part 2 Find the examples for the following statements in the
passage.
1. Questions to help you find out whether you are suffering
from job burnout:
Unit8
Text B
Do you feel overwhelmed by your job, that it feels too
much like “hard work” or just plainly “unexciting”? Do you
find yourself waking up at night thinking about work? Do
you dread that alarm going off in the morning and then
dragging yourself out of bed to go to work? And do you
find the idea of the weekend, or an upcoming holiday
more and more appealing?
1
Unit8
Text B
Comprehension
2. Two factors that will lead to job burnout when threatened:
Reward for good work and the wonderful feeling that you
can control things that influence you.
3. Reward for good work:
Praise, feelings of satisfaction, high self-esteem, pay
increase, bonuses, promotions, fame or status in the
company, credibility, challenge, and anything else that is
positive to you.
4. Basic symptoms of job burnout:
Feelings of frustration, anger, depression and dissatisfaction in a more heightened and chronic state.
2
Vocabulary
Part 1 Complete the sentences with the following words. Change
the form where necessary.
challenge threaten
chronic
use up
Unit8
Text B
self-esteem productive
symptom
upcoming
out of control
keep in mind
1. She withdrew all her capital from the country for fear that the
out of control .
situation there might go _____________
keep in mind that you make
2. When you lose money in one area, ___________
profit in another.
symptom of a severe economic crisis.
3. Depression is the ________
productive
4. In order for the workers to be __________
, the management
should take measures to motivate the staff.
2
Unit8
Text B
Vocabulary
upcoming
5. Both candidates are making preparation for the __________
_
election.
self-esteem are usually more likely to
6. People with a higher ___________
achieve their goals.
7. They had to think of other ways to finance the project because
used up their capital.
they have ________
threatened to have a strike because they had to
8. The workers ___________
constantly work overtime.
9. Robin intends to quit his job because he is suffering from a
chronic
_______ disease.
challenge is an important reason why many young
10.Lack of _________
people quit their jobs.
2
Vocabulary
Part 2 Complete the table below, using a dictionary, and learn
their meanings.
Verb
Unit8
Text B
Noun
Adjective
challenge
挑战
challenge
challenging
有挑战性的
threaten
threat
威胁
depression
沮丧,萧条
production
生产,产量
threatening
威胁性的,危险的
depressed
depress
使沮丧,使灰心
produce
productive
有工作效率的
2
Unit8
Text B
Vocabulary
Complete the sentences with the right form of the words in the
brackets.
1. Do you have any idea how the American government will deal
threat (threaten) of a nuclear war?
with the _______
2. She was bored of her routine work. She wants to do something
challenging
___________
_
(challenge).
depression (depressed), manufacturers are
3. Because of the ___________
cutting their budget.
productive (produce) workforce, many companies
4. To keep a __________
are offering training programs for the workers.
Practical Writing
Letter of Giving Advice
Unit8
When writing a letter of giving advice, the following tips can be
taken as reference.
 Respond quickly to the request for advice. Give yourself time
to think your answer through carefully, but let the person know
that you care about him / her and the situation by sending your
letter within a few days of receiving the request.
 No matter how you may feel personally about the subject you
are asked to give advice on or the person who asked for it, keep
the tone respectful. In all cases, the tone of this letter should be
helpful and congenial.
Practical Writing
 If you cannot give advice, express your regret, and suggest
that someone else would be in a better position to do so. Avoid
comments or expressions of personal opinion unless they are
complimentary.
 Avoid strong language that might discourage your reader.
 Give advice only on the subject you have been asked about.
Keep your advice simple and to the point.
 When you are the one seeking advice , look to people you
know you can rely on. They should be worthy of your trust and be
willing to keep your request confidential.
Unit8
Practical Writing
 When someone responds to your request for advice, whether
you ultimately use the advice or not, it is always a good idea to
write a thank-you letter or letter of appreciation.
 If you use the advice or suggestion, give appropriate recognition. If you do not use it, you may wish to keep the advice letter at
hand for future reference in case you change your mind.
Unit8
Practical Writing
Write a letter based on the following situation. Your letter should
be no less than 120 words.
You work for a newspaper as an editor responsible for the
section of answering the readers’ letters. You’ve just received the
following letter from Ben Stone. You need to write a letter of reply,
give some advice to him and try to make him cheer up.
Unit8
Dear Editor,
I work for a software company as a programmer. Recently I
always feel exhausted. I have too much work on hand and I’m
always worrying about the deadlines. I cannot concentrate on my
work, and I feel separated from other co-workers. I want to quit
the job but I need the salary to support my family. What can I do?
Ben Stone
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