Australia
By Anna Reiffenstuel
Where is Australia?
Famous People
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Evener Goolagong Cawley Aboriginal Tennis player
Captain James Cook British Captain who discovered and
claimed Australia for Britain
Margaret Court Professional Tennis player
William Dampier British navigator who explored Australia
Edward Eyre British explorer who explored Australia’s
wastelands
Mathew Flinders British mariner who named Australia
Howard Walter Florey Won noble prize for discovering
penicillin
Errol Flynn Famous actor
Mary Gilmore First female member of Australia Work Union
Arthur Phillip Founded New South Wales
Famous People
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Climate
Weather and Climate
Seasons in Australia are the opposite of those in Europe. Summer runs
from November through to March while winter is from May to August.
There are, however, huge variations throughout the country: New South
Wales, the centre of Western Australia and Queensland have hot
summers and mild winters but Victoria and Tasmania can experience
chilly winters, combined with short days.
The dry interior is hot year-round during the day but come nightfall it can
become very cold. In the north, as the country enters the tropics,
there are just two seasons - the dry from May to September and the
wet from December to March.
Religion
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Christians: 12,575,675
Non-Religious: 2,948,891
Islam:202,925
Buddhist:199,812
Judaism: 79,805
Hinduism: 67,278
Sikhism: 12,017
Baha‘i: 8,947
Spiritualism: 8,140
Traditional Australian Religion:7,356
Animals
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There are many different species of wildlife in Australia. Marsupials are the most
successful group in Australia. This group includes kangaroos, wallabies, koalas,
Tasmanian wolves, Tasmanian devils, wombats, and many others. The platypus and the
echidna are egg-laying mammals. There are also numerous different species of birds.
Some of them are cockatoo, kookaburra, lyrebird, the flightless emu, and several types of
parrots.
Bandicoot
Brolga, Cuscus, Dingo, Dunnart, Echidna, Emu, Frilled, Lizard, Goanna, Kangaroo,
Koala,
Kookaburra, Kultarr, Lyrebird,
Marsupial, Mole, Nabarlek, Numbat, Owl, Platypus, Possum, Potoroo, Quokka,
Rabbit, Rat, Snakes, Tasmanian, Devil, Tasmanian Tiger, Wallaby, Wombat
Plants
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Musa basjoo
coconut trees
Piper Methysticum (Kava)
Thunbergia mysorensis aka
Lady Slipper Creeper
cycads -full sun
Historical Places
Soccer Team
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Map
State Faunal (Animal) Emblems:
Victoria: Leadbeaters Possum
SS
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Queensland: Koala
FF
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South Australia: Hairy-Nosed Wombat
aa
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Western Australia: Numbat
AB
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Tasmania: Tasmanian Devil
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Northern Territory: Red Kangaroo ml
be
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m:
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New South Wales: Platypus
State Faunal (Bird)
Emblems:
Victoria: Helmeted
Honeyeater
New South Wales:
Kookaburra
Queensland: Brolga
South Australia: Piping
Shrike
Western Australia: Black
Swan
Facts
Population:30.628.million
Money: Australian Dollar
Language: English
Main City:Canberra
Highest Mountains:
NAMEHEIGHT (m)Mount Kosciuszko2228
Mount Townsend:2209m
Mount Twynam:2195m
Rams Head:2190m
Unnamed peak on Etheridge Ridge:2180m
Rams Head North:2177m
Alice Rawson Peak:2160m
Unnamed peak south-west of Abbott Peak:2159m
Abbott Peak and Carruthers Peak:2145m
Mt Northcote:2131m
Length: 7,741,220 km
Dingo
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Dingo Brief Description
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Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Mammalia
Order:Carnivora
Family:Canidae
Genus:Canis
Species:C. lupus
Subspecies:C. l. dingo'
History
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17th CENTURY
1606The first European sightings of Australia were made by a Dutchman called Willem Janszoon on the Duyfken
(Little Dove). Janszoon sailed into the Australian waters charting 300 km of the coast on the journey. Janszoon
also met with the Aboriginal people on the journey. Janszoon was the first recorded European to achieve such
feats. Later that year Louis Vaez de Torres sailed through the Torres Strait, named after himself. Both Captains
have been recorded as having sighted the Cape York Peninsula. 1642Dutch explorer, Abel Tasman‚s, first journey
to Australia. It was in 1644 that Abel Tasman established that Australia was made up of four coasts North, West,
East and South. The Australian state of Tasmania was named after this famous explorer.
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18th CENTURY
1770 Captain Cook lands in Botany Bay on the Eastern side of Australia in the ship named HM Bark Endeavour.
and claims New South Wales for Britain.1788The First Fleet arrives at Sydney Cove under Captain Arthur Phillip
to establish the first settlement in Australia. This was to be a penal colony - Sydney was founded. The date of his
arrival, 26 January, went on to mark Australia Day.
19th CENTURY
1801 - 1899The great age of exploration: coastal surveys (Bass, Flinders), interior (Sturt, Eyre, Leichhardt, Burke
and Willis, McDouall Stuart, Forrest). Also the era of the bushrangers, overlanders, and squatters, and individuals
such as William Buckley and Ned Kelly.1803Mathew Flinders completes the first voyage around Australia in the
'Investigator'.1804Castle Hill Rising by Irish convicts in New South Wales.1813Barrier of the Blue Mountains
Crossed.1825 Tasmania seceded from New South Wales.1829Western Australia formed.1836South Australia
formed.1840 - 1968Convict transportation ended.
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1851 - 1961
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Gold rushes (Ballarat, Bendigo).1851Victoria seceded from New South Wales.1855Victoria achieved
government.1856New South Wales, South Australia, Tasmania achieved government.1859Queensland formed
from New South Wales and achieved government.1890Western Australia achieved government.1891Depression
gave rise to the Australian Labor Party.1899 - 1900South African War - forces offered by the individual colonies.
Food
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Australian cuisine has the most diverse range, quality, and
inventiveness than many others in the world. However, it took Australia
some time to evolve from the scenes of meat pies, Vegemite
sandwiches, and sausage rolls to the scene of dishes such as "seared
kangaroo fillet with wilted beetroot greens and roasted onions". The
culinary art of Australia only luxuriated in the 1990s. But at that time, it
was already considered the most adventurous in the world. Each
capital city has seen a swarm of new restaurants within the genre
'Modern Australia cuisine, with inventive chefs at the helm and an
audience of willing hedonists at the ready. This culinary reawakening is
due to two factors: the wealth of superlative Australian produce,
including native food, and the plethora of international cuisine brought
to Australia by its immigrants from all over the world.
End
Idea Anna Reiffenstuel
Studio Mr. Studio Morres Room
Regisseur Mr. Cortanes
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