Department of Homeland Security
Customs and Border Protection
U.S. Customs and Border Protection
Textile Enforcement
AAFA
Savannah
March 2006
Department of Homeland Security
Customs and Border Protection
The Textile Import Industry
2001
Importers
2002
% Change
2003
2004
2001-2004
62.0K 68.0K
23%
55.4K*
58.0K
Lines
5.8M
6.2M
6.8M
6.6M
14%
Value
79.8B
76.3B
80.1B
88.4B
11%
Duty
8.5B
7.8B
8.6B
8.9B
5%
Total Imports = $ 1.3 Trillion
Textile Products = 43% of all Duties Collected
Total Duties = $21 Billion
*K = Thousand
Average Duty Rate 16%
M = Million
B = Billion
2
Department of Homeland Security
Customs and Border Protection
Customs & Border Protection
Enforcement Focus
• Origin Fraud; Illegal Transshipment;
Quota Circumvention; Admissibility of
Merchandise
• Enforcement of Various Legislative Trade
Initiatives and Free Trade Agreement
Preference Claims
• China Negotiated Quotas
3
Department of Homeland Security
Customs and Border Protection
Customs & Border Protection
Enforcement Focus
• Chinese Quotas
• U.S. Government Negotiated a
Comprehensive Agreement for the Period
January 1, 2006 - December 31, 2008
• Special Sock Agreement November 1 –
December 31, 2005
• U.S. and China Reestablished ELVIS Links
• China Will Issue a Paper Visa and a Certificate of
Origin
• Only Required to Be Provided Upon Request
4
Department of Homeland Security
Customs and Border Protection
Customs & Border Protection
Enforcement Focus
• Affected Categories:
• 200/301, 222, 229, 332/432/632pt (Plus Baby
Socks), 338/339pt, 340/640, 345/645/646,
347/348, 349/649, 352/652, 359S/659S, 363, 443,
447, 619, 620, 622, 638/639pt, 647/648pt, 666pt,
847
• Various Carve Out HTS #’s/Creation of New HTS #’s
• Ski/Snowboard Pants
• Certain Fine-gauge knit-to-shape articles
• Window Shades/Window Blinds
5
Department of Homeland Security
Customs and Border Protection
Issues with Quotas
• Purchase Quota to Export Goods
• If quota not available, goods may be
smuggled or imported illegally to
circumvent quota/visa requirements
• Various Restrictions Specific to Textiles
• $250.00 Limit on Informal Entries
• Live Entry--Upfront Payment of Duties
• Paper Entries
• No Remote Location Filing
6
Department of Homeland Security
Customs and Border Protection
Customs and Border Protection
Enforcement Issues
• Incorrect Country of Origin
• Mistakes in the Use of the ISO Codes by the Broker
• Incorrect Description of the Merchandise
• Deliberate Circumvention of the China Quota/Visa
Requirements
• Use of Commodities that Have Lower Rates of Duty
• CBP Seizing and Penalties Will Be Issued
• Smuggling
• FTA Compliance
• Largest Loss of Duties Involves Textiles and FTA
Non-Compliance
7
Department of Homeland Security
Customs and Border Protection
Customs and Border Protection
Enforcement Priorities
• The Textile Industry Will
Continue to Be Designated As a
Priority Trade Issue
• FY 06 Appropriation Language
Directs CBP to Continue Vigorous
Enforcement of Imports
• Resources Will Continue to Be
Assigned to Address Any
Enforcement Concerns Affecting
the Industry
• Enforcement Will Continue to
Target High-Risk Issues
8
Department of Homeland Security
Customs and Border Protection
Customs and Border Protection
Enforcement Priorities
• Congress Requires CBP to
Perform TPVT Visits to 4 African
Nations Annually
• Continue Support of On-Going
and Future FTA Negotiations
• Work with Foreign Government
Counterparts to Develop eCERT
Participation
• Electronic Transmission of
Certificate of Eligibility for
FTA/Legislative Trade Preference
9
Department of Homeland Security
Customs and Border Protection
Customs and Border Protection
Enforcement Priorities
• FTA Enforcement
• Visits of U.S. Mills that Supply Fabric
and Yarn for FTA, etc. Preference
• Legislative Initiative Compliance
• AGOA
• ATPDEA
• CBTPA
• Training of CBP Import Specialists
• FTA Requirements
• Preferential Trade Requirements
10
Department of Homeland Security
Customs and Border Protection
Customs & Border Protection Focus
• Changes to the Regulations
• Elimination of the Textile Declaration
• Allows Paperless
• Changes to the Construction of the
Manufacturer Identification Number
• The Entity that Performed the Origin
Conferring Process
• Not the Trading House, the Shipper, etc.
11
Department of Homeland Security
Customs and Border Protection
Enforcement Highlights FY2005
• 13 TPVT Visits to Foreign Country
Locations
•
•
•
•
•
484 Factories Visited
27 Refused Admission to Teams
123 Were Permanently Closed
8 Actual Evidence of Transshipment
68 Factories Found to be High Risk
12
Department of Homeland Security
Customs and Border Protection
Enforcement Highlights FY2005
• FY2005 Seizures:
• $1.6 M In-Bond Diversion
• $5.6 M Deliberate Misclassification to
Avoid Quota
• $16 M Intellectual Property Rights
Violations
• $2.8 M Use of False Documents
• 90 Penalty Cases
13
Department of Homeland Security
Customs and Border Protection
Enforcement Highlights FY2005
• Audits
• 42 Audits on Textile/Wearing Apparel
Importers Were Performed
• CBP Collected An Additional $4.97 M
• Laboratory Analysis
• 1,502 Shipments Were Analyzed
from 59 Countries to Ensure Correct
Fiber Content and Classification
14
Department of Homeland Security
Customs and Border Protection
Enforcement Highlights FY2005
• Free Trade Agreement Enforcement
• 2018 Lines Valued at $43.4 M Were Reviewed
• 370 or 18% Were Found to Be Non-Compliant
• $869K in Additional Revenue Recovered
• NAFTA Accounted for over 46% of Discrepancies
15
Descargar

Building Smarter Borders to Increase Security and